KIDAMBI ACHAN-THE DISCIPLE WHO HAD FATHERLY AFFECTION FOR RAMANUJAR


SRIMATHE RAMANUJAYA NAMAHA

rAmAnuja padhAmbhOjayugaLI yasya dhImatha:
prApyam cha prApakam vaNdhE pranNathArththiharam gurum

Kidambi Achan was born in the village “Kidambi” located between Kooram and Thiruputkuzhi near Kanchipuram in the year 1057 A.D.in the tamil month of Chithirai on Hasta Nakshatara day in Atreya gothram. As Hastam is considered to be the star of Varadaraja Perumal, his parents named him “PRANATHARTHIHARAM”- as glorified by Thirukachi nambigal in the first sloka of Devaraja Ashtakam. He was the nephew of Tirumala Nambi’s wife (Swamy Ramanujar’s maternal uncle’s wife) and was thus related to Swamy Ramanujar like Mudaliyandan Swamy who had both atma sambhandham and deha sambandham with Swamy Ramanujar. He was one of the prominent disciples of Swamy Ramanujar who felt that acharyar kainkaryam was of utmost importance.

Like Kooratazhwan and Mudaliandan, Achan also was a simple, devoted, highly knowledgeable person and was well versed with Thiruvaimozhi and Visishtadvaita granthas and was conferred the title “Vedantha Udhayana Acharyar” by Swamy rAmanujar. Like Vaduga Nambi, he considered serving his acharyar as the most important privilege .

Being a sanyasi, Swamy Ramanujar used to go for alms (unjha vruthi) which was his varnasrama dharma (Brahmacharis and sanyasis must erk out living by taking alms ) reciting Thirupavai which earned him the name “Thirupaavai Jeeyar”. Few evil minded people in Srirangam who wanted to get rid of Swamy Ramanujar conspired a plan to mix poison in the biksha rice to be given to Swamy and forced a lady to offer it to Swamy Ramanujar. Unlike her husband, this lady revered Swamy Ramanujar but as she was threatened by her husband who was watching , she was left with no other option. With tear filled eyes, she hesitatingly offered the biksha to Ramanujar by ensuring to separate the contents in the bowl by placing a leaf on it and then offered her portion indicating to jagadacharyar that it was not worth consuming. Swamy understood her implication and threw away the bhiksha in Cauvery river. From that day onwards, Swamy abstained from unjha vruthi and hence he couldn’t take any food. Learning about this incident, Thirugoshtiyur Nambi who was one of the gurus of Swamy Ramanujar came to Srirangam. Learning about his acharyar’s arrival, Swamy Ramanujar along with his sishyas set out quickly to Kollidam to receive him. It was noon and in the scorching heat ,Swamy Ramanujar lay prostrate at the feet of his acharyar who did not ask him to get up. It is customary to fall at the feet of our acharyar like a stick and remain in the same position until the acharyar asks us to get up. The sishyas of Nambi and Ramanujar stood dumfounded as they were perplexed at Nambi’s behaviour (who was their acharyar’s acharyar) which they had never seen before.

Unable to bear this, with tear filled eyes , Pranatharthiharan embraced Swamy Ramanujar lamenting as to how the delicate body of Swamy which is similar to a flower could be exposed to the scorching heat. He acted as a barrier by laying down on the ground to protect Ramanujar from direct contact of the sand. Thirugoshtiyur Nambi was very pleased with his acharyar bhakti. He instructed Kidambi to take care of Swamy Ramanujar’s bestowing him the privilege of offering bikshai and madhukaram to Swamy Ramanujar. He came to be known as “Kidambi Aachan”(Achan = father). As he had parental affection towards Ramanujar (like how Periazhwar had towards Perumal), he was fondly addressed as “Aachan”. As he was incharge of kitchen, he came to be known as “Madapalli Aachan” .

He treated Sri Parasara Bhattar who was much younger to him with the same reverence he had for his acharyar as per his guru’s instructions.

Once when Aachan visited Thirumaliruncholai, he was asked to render Alavandar’s stotra ratnam . In the 48 th slokam, Alavandar states that ” he has no other refuge than Perumal”. Aachan paused here as he wondered how it could be true” When Perumal asked him, he replied that the statement is not true now as they all have “swamy Ramanuja as their protector ” who is the sole refuge of everyone. Azhagar was pleased with his unflinching devotion towards his acharyar. As expressed by Nammazhwar in Thiruvaimozhi, Achan also relished having darshan of Emperuman in various divya desams.

When Swamy Ramanujar reincarnated as Manavala Mamunigal, he chose to learn the intricate meanings of Sribhashya from Kidambi Achan’s descendant named Kidambi Pillan. Mamunigal showed him his original Adisesha form to Pillan.

Kidambi Achan was one of the seventy four simhadipatis authorised by Swamy Ramanujar to continue Srivaishnava sampradayam. Swamy gave him Hayagriva Perumal to him for worship. After Swamy Ramanujar left this mortal world, Kidambi Achan returned to Kanchipuram and left his body in the year 1157 -20 years Swamy Ramanuja attained paramapadam.

…….The Unconditional surrender …..


It is a simple yet highly effective concept for the mankind to learn from the rabbit to surrender seeking Lords Lotus Feet unconditionally .

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Swamy  Parasara Bhattar, the famous acharya   in Srivaishnavam  Sampradaya was the eldest son of Swami  Koorathazhvan. .   Bhattar  was  the chief priest  at Srirangam temple and  appeared  out of the grace of the Lord of Srirangam. 

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 Swami parASara bhaTTar  appeared  in this world through the divine aravanai prasadam (the prasadam that is offered to the Lord just before the nightly closing of the temple) of Namperumal, which was offered to Andal, the wife of swami Kurathazhvan.

Not only by birth did swami bhattar, as he is addressed by all, show his greatness, but also by his  sharp intelligence, kind actions and  inspiring  spiritual  practices throughout his life.

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 A toughest  enemy would also  adore Bhattar on listening to him.  Bhattar’s  skill in answering a person’s question even before the questioner has finished asking the question was  marvelous, and offers food for our thoughts  , thus pondering the filthy mind which …

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SRI SITANAVAMI AT PANTH PAKAR..NEAR SITAMARHI ( THE HOLY BANYAN TREE WHERE LOKA MATHA SITA HALTED AFTER THE WEDDING)


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After  the Lordships Sita Rama  wedding at Janakpur in Nepal , the royal family along with their guests were returning to Ayodhya . It was getting dark .The Royal family decided to retire for the night at this  very holy place  Punouda  which is located  near Sitamarhi in the state of bihar

Birth of Sita from yajna bhoomi, Sitamarhi

The place where  Lokamatha Sita devi’s palanquin (“doli”) alighted under a banyan tree is marked by a hound covered with red cloth. Beside this  banyan tree the deities of   Lordships Sita-Ramar is  worshipped by the  local people  .

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A stone inscription mentioning  Lord  Rama’s encounter  with   Parasurama and the divine incident  of   Lord Rama taking over the Vishnu dhanush is mentioned in the marble slab  . It was revealed that the  banyan tree is  very sacred.  The locals believe  all disputes of any kind  are solved at this place . A Elderly person commented , No one…

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The EGO is not getting rid of me Gurudeva ! Please help !!


. Any act of kindness , devotion , charity , cheerfulness obedience , love makes us near to LORD and its reverse takes us away from LORD .

kazhiyur varadan's blog

Once a disciple of the great Acharya Sri Periavachanpillai asked his Guru , Swamin ! My attempts to control the  EGO is  always ineffective and this EGO is not getting rid of me  . Few  occasions this is  becoming more prominent and making me to  misconduct myself  repeatedly . Gurudeva , adiyen is enslaved by my nature and am scared.  Is there still any scope for me to attain the  Supreme Lord ?? or will this behaviour of mine throw me in the deep pit of hell .The disciple was in distress .

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The revered Acharya replied  ,  My Child !!  It is wrong for the jiva to think that he is the enjoyer or that he is totally independent . Once Lord decides to save the Jivahe  makes him do good things and If  HE  wishes him to push him down  HE  makes him to do the evil…

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Sundarakandam Holy Places at Sri Lanka


Sundare sundaro ramah …… Sundare sundari katha……….

Sundare sundari sita ………… Sundare sundaram vanam,

Sundare sundaram kavyam…….Sundare sundarah kapih ………

Sundare sundaram mantram…….Sundare kim na sundaram…….

The fifth kaandam in Sriramayanam known as “SUNDARA KAANDAM” is the most popular kaanda.  Unlike names of other kandams which are self explanatory, this kandam is known as “Sundaram-beautiful” as everything –Hanumanji’s Rama bhakti, Sitadevi’s chastity, Srirama’s plight to rescue HER, their concern for each other, torments in samsaara  are so beautifully described by maharishi.  The characters of the trio makes even a stone melt.  That’s the reason even after so many lakhs of years, we read Sundarkandam with reverence.  Also, reciting Sundarakandam is considered equivalent to reading the entire Ramayana as Hanuman and Trijata narrate all the incidents-past,present and future in the august presence of Sitadevi.

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             After  coronation of  Sugreeva as the King of Vaanaras,  Lord Srirama and Lakshmana spent four months during monsoon   in Malyavan parvath in Prasvanagiri  in Hampi, Karnataka.

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  Lord  Srirama experienced unbearable pain due to separation from  our mother Sitadevi.  The Lord was worried about Sitadevi’s welfare and  used to lament uncontrollably. 

At the end of monsoon, Sugreeva deputed crores of vaanaras and bears in all directions in search of Sitadevi giving them one month’s  time to trace the whereabouts and inform for taking up next course of action. 

 Sugreeva explained geographical  particulars  about all the places  around  the world in detail .

The vanaras headed by  Prince Angadha and supported by senior  Jambavan and Hanuman were assigned the task of searching in the southern direction.  Lord Srirama handed over HIS finger ring to Hanumanji  who was standing in a corner.

Our poorvacharyars give reason as to why Srirama selected Hanuman to give his  finger ring .  It was the time  at Kishkinda  when Lord Rama was in search of Mother Sita .   Hanumanji  was in thoughts  to see Srirama lamenting for a lady.

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Hanumanji a brahmachari was wondering as to why a person of high stature like  Lord Srirama  tutored by rishis like Sage Vasishta, Vishwamitra was so emotional .

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Lord   Srirama  our antaryami   sensed Hanumanji’s  feelings .  To make Hanuman realise the greatness of    Sitadevi, Srirama selected Hanuman and handed over HIS finger ring with HIS holy name engraved on it. 

And it was also an indication that Paramatma  laments for all the  jivaatma in the same lines .

It was because of the  holy ring that Hanuman could cross the ocean and meet  Mother Sitadevi and obtain HER blessings.  When Hanumanji saw Sitadevi’s steadfast devotion towards   Lord Srirama, he regretted for his thoughts initially   .

Having understood HER greatness , Hanuman visualised both of them together in his heart and offered prayers.

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IMAGE OF HANUMAN AT DIVURUMPOLA IN SRILANKA (SITA AGNI PRAVESHA STHAL )

                           Hanumanji introduced to  mother Sitadevi that he was “Rama dhoothan” whereas when he returned to Lord Rama as “Sitadevi’s messenger” to convey the good news about Sitadevi’s welfare, he addressed himself as “Raama daasan”. With Mother’s grace, our ego vanishes.  Our poorvacharyars comment that when Hanuman went as “rama dhootan”-, he was gifted with fire on the tail whereas when he returned as Sita dhootan, he was embraced by Lord Rama.  

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The vanaras who went in the southern direction explored all the places until they reached  SWayamprabha caves in Kadayanallur near Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu .  

Swayamprabha an  advanced Sathwi  was the guardian for the magical cave owned by Mayasuran.   Anyone who entered could not come out.  She hosted the vanaras  and later  transported the vanaras to the seashore( about 150 kms away from Kadayanallur) after knowing about their devotion to Lord Rama with her powers . 

 Having reached the seashore, the vanaras were worried because the stipulated time of one month   fixed by their King Sugreeva  was over and they could not trace Sitadevi. They knew for sure that Sugreeva would not spare them and decided to end their lives as they did not have the courage to face Srirama  who was already suffering pangs of separation.

Angadha had lit a big pyre for them to sacrifice their lives.

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He started lamenting about Sitadevi’s abduction, Jatayu sacrificing his life in Ramaseva after fighting with Ravana , their search expedition and failure in the assignment.

Sampaati-the eagle bird summoned Angadha and introduced himself as Jatayu’s elder brother , shared how he lost his wings while protecting Jatayu from the scorching heat of sun in the process loosing his wings and became immobile.

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Sampaati was informed about Jatayu’s Raama kainkaryam and he too resolved to do the same.  He informed the vanaras about Sitadevi’s whereabouts with his sharp vision in the far away land, Lanka.  Having done this Raama kainkaryam, Sampaati regained his lost wings and flew away.

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SAMPAATI CONVERSING WITH ANGADHA AND OTHER VANARAS NEAR SEASHORE

Now that the whereabouts of Sitadevi were known, the vanaras started contemplating as to who would cross the ocean which was measuring 100 yojanas (1000 miles) to meet   mother Sitadevi.

Each vanara  expressed their  ability to cross few yojanas . 

Angadha said that he could cross 100 yojanas but would not have the energy to return. The aged Jambavaan who knew Hanuman’s capabilities approached Hanuman and started enumerating his strength and skills.  When Hanuman was a child, he mistook Sun to be an apple and leapt in the sky to hold it.

      He was hit by Indra with vajrayudham on his chin(hanu) and hence was called Hanuman.  Vayu, hanuman’s father stopped air which made the whole world breathless.  To appease his anger, brahma and other devas bestowed many boons on Hanuman. 

Brahma cursed him to forget his  prowess but would get back his strength when someone reminded him at an apporpriate time.  Jambavan reminded him of his capabilities and requested Hanuman to undertake Rama kainkaryam.  (Sage Agastya extolled Hanuman’s greatness  to Srirama in Uttara kaandam)

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MAHENDRAGIRI MOUNTAIN IN THIRUKURUNGUDI AT TAMILNADU 

He confidently proclaimed that he would finish the yeomen task of locating  mother Sitadevi saying that like  Sri Rama’s arrow which never failed to hit its target, he would accomplish the task.

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All the vanaras vowed to observe fast until Sitadevi was found.  Reposing confidence to the vaanaras,  Hanuman stood on Mahendragiri parvatham in Thirukurungudi beyond Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu and after offering prayers to Suryan, Indran, Vayu,  Sri Rama , He increased in size and leapt on the sky to cross the ocean.

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HANUMAN LEAPING FROM MAHENDRAGIRI

Thus starts Sundarakandam,-the most beautiful kaandam as everything is beautiful in it.  Every household in India has a copy of Sundarakanda .  It is a normal practice in Srivaishnava wedding to present Sundarakandam to the groom as it is considered very auspicious. 

Our poorvacharyars have clearly indicated that

Lord Rama is the Paramatma

MOther Sita is the Jivatma suffering in this material world for reunion with Paramatma

Lanka is the samsara(material world)

Our manas is Ravana and the ten senses are considered as the ten heads of Ravana

Hanuman is the acharya(gurudeva) who extols Paramatma’s qualities to Jivatma, gives the holy name to Jivatma,  submits Jivatma’s plea to Paramatma,  destroys Lanka(samsaara) with the fire of knowledge and finaly reunites Jivatma with Paramatma.

The jivatma who gets illusioned with material world, leaves Paramatma and ends up in trouble loitering in the material world until an acharya intervenes and imparts supreme knowledge about the Lord, gives us the mantra to attain  HIM, submits our plea to the Lord and ensures our union with the Supreme Lord by destroying our desires (samasara)

 

                              And our journey to Sri Lanka to have the darshan of all the holy places fructified in August 2018 and an attempt is being made to reproduce the divine bliss to millions of Hari bhaktha . 

     Hanumanji must have entered Srilanka from the north-western part via Thiruketeeswaram near Mannar, proceeded southwards and landed on Ramboda hills.  The places related to Sundarakandam are mostly located in Central Srilanka upto Sigiriya in the north and Ussangoda in the south.  

Valmiki maharishi beautifully describes Hanuman’s flight.  Hanumanji increased in size and stretching his hands wide leapt  from Mahendragiri mountain causing its residents to leave the place.  The flowers from the trees had covered Hanuman who was now resembling a flowered mountain. 

Hanumanji  faced the first hurdle which was a friendly gesture by Mynaaka parvatham who was  a close  friend of Vayu bhagavan ( Hanumanji’s father ). He offered fruits and asked Hanuman to take rest but he refused politely by embracing the mountain for its gesture saying that he intended to reach Lanka by evening and was lacking time.

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Hanuman won Mynaakam  with his friendly gesture. He didn’t succumb to any temptation.

The second hurdle came in the form of Surasa who was a Naagamaatha( mother of snakes).  The devas prompted her to test Hanuman’s capabilities.  Surasa obstructed Hanuman’s way saying that she wanted to swallow Hanuman to satiate her hunger.

 

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Hanuman informed her about his mission promising her to return and satiate her hunger but she didn’t budge saying that as per Brahma’s words, none could pass by her without fulfilling her wish.  He asked her to open her mouth wide enough for him to get into , started increasing in size.  Surasa also widened her mouth to match his size.  The witty Hanuman suddenly decreased in size , went inside her mouth and came back even before she closed her mouth, offered obeisances to her and having satisfied her wish continued his journey.  As she was a well wisher , Hanuman won her with his intelligence and presence of mind  and didn’t kill her.

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Surasa  was pleased with Hanuman .She blessed him assuming her true form.

 The place where this incident took place is known as Nagadweepa, also known as Nayanateevu,  is an island near the North-western part of Srilanka (between Mannar and Jaffna) is now identified as the place where this incident took place.

  There is a big temple for Naagamaatha known as Nagapooshani temple. This is also considered as one of the eighteen shakti peetams.

To reach this place, one has to drive from Jaffna for about 38 kms upto Pungudutheevu .  From Pungudutheevu drive for about 15 kms on a bridge to reach jetty. 

Our journey to this wonderful place is recorded in this video

                   Regular boat services at an interval of one hour is available to go to Nagadeepa.  The fare for the boat ride is LKR 50/- and will take about 20 minutes .

It is one way-the boat stops near the buddhist monastery and the return would be pick up from Nagapooshani temple or vice-versa .  Autos ply between these two places for a nominal charge of Rs.10/- LKR. 

 

In Nagadeepa, there are two places to be visited- the first one is the Buddhist monastery as Buddha had visited this place and changed the factionist Naagas into pious people and made them follow Buddhism. Nagapooshani amman temple  can be reached by auto.   Devotees perform  milk abhishekam to the naagas in the temple. 

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The third hurdle for Hanumanjee  was   a rakshasi  named Simhika.    Lying on the ocean  she had the power to pull the shadow of anyone flying over her.   She  used her strength to   reduce  Hanuman’jis  speed by pulling his shadow. 

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Hanumanji realised the gravity and the unexpected hurdle . She opened her mouth widely and with all her might, she tried to swallow Hanuman  who entered into her mouth and came out swiftly  piercing her stomach  thus killing her.  Simhika was in a pool of blood.  Hanumanjee thus  encountered the third hurdle who was an enemy in reality  with his strength.

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This place is identified as Thiruketeeswaram near Mannar on the North-western part of Srilanka (between Jaffna and Anuradhapura) about 116 kms  north-west  of  Anuradhapura-a famous site for Buddhists

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Also, Kethu-one of the navagrahas who is Simhika’s son prayed to Shiva at this place.  Hence this place is known as Thiruketeeswaram.

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  Mandodari’s father built this temple.  Presently the Shiva temple is undergoing renovation.

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Hanumanji landed on Suvela parvatham in Srilanka . This place is now known as Ramboda. Chinmaya mission have constructed a beautiful temple for 16 ft Hanumanjee .  There are 3 sets of deities of  Sita-Rama Lakshmana  in the temple premises. 

Chariot procession takes place during  December . As Hanumanji alighted on this parvath on Pournami (Valmiki rishi mentions that Hanuman started his search operation on Pournami and the full moon helped Hanuman with his cool light to see things clearly ), special poojas are performed here. Guest house accomodation(LKR 6600/-for more than 2 PAX) and food court (AnnapurnaVeg.restaurant) are being operated by the mission. (Srirama viewed Lankapura from this placE)

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After sunset, Hanumanji took a miniature form to search for Mother Sita.  He marched towards Lankapura city after crossing forests.  Being an island, Lanka was protected by sea on all four sides which was a natural barrier, it has many mountains ,lakes and rivers. Lankapura was situated on one such mountain known as Trikuta parvatham(Sigiriya) and the surrounding places around Kandy are also considered part of this . The historical importance of Sigiriya (a world heritage site ) now is being attributed to King Kasyapa who was an unjust king very similar to Ravana and hid at this place.  (Research relating to Ramayana reveal that this was Ravana’s kingdom) 

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It was well guarded on all sides by armed soldiers right from the foot of the hill. The beautiful city was built by Mayasuran-architect for asuras and Ravana’s father in law. Valmiki rishi has aptly described this location which can be found even today.    There were tunnels connections various mountains to which only Ravana had access.  Also, there were aircraft centres at various places which was used by Ravana to fly on his pushpaka vimanam.     

Hanumanjee   was encountered by Lankini- a rakshasi who was a personification of Lanka when he was trying to enter into Lankapura. Hanuman politely told  her that he would return after viewing the beautiful city but the raksasi didn’t accede. Though she hurt  Hanuman  by  hitting with a mace, hanuman pitied her and slightly hit her with his left fist which was unbearable for her.  She accepted defeat and recollecting Brahma’s words that when she would be defeated by a vanara, Lanka’s destruction would be inevitable, she  blessed Hanuman to be victorious in his mission.  

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Lankapura is considered as the places around Sigiriya and Kandy.

RAvana ruled from Sigiriya Fort

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HANUMANJI IN RAMBODA

Hanuman defeated Lankini and started searching for Sitadevi in all the places including the Pushpaka vimanam, palaces of RAvana’s queens, Ravana’s palace, Mandodari’s palace, kitchen ,etc. Lankapura was situated on Trikuta parvatham(Sigiriya rock ) making it inaccessible to intruders. 

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Ravana’s court, palace, his queens’ palaces were all situated around this.  Right from the foot of the hills, every place was well guarded. The fort was surrounded with mouts, lakes with crocodiles is it . There are about 

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Inside sigiriya fort

 He came across stationed armies well equipped guarding the kingdom. 

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The place where Pushpaka vimanam was kept is now known as Gurulopotha near Sita Kotuwa about 100 kms north east of Kandy. (There is  only a name board and a buddhist temple ).  Likewise Mandodari palace is now known as  “Sita Kotuwa” as Sitadevi was first kept here. This is an archeological site about 3 hours drive from Kandy. 

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Sita Kotuwa.

A guide from the archeological survey office accompanies the visitors to the place. (Guest house facility and a small restaurant serving cool drinks,water, snacks  is run by them.)  We need to walk down the steep terrain for about an hour to reach Sita Kotuwa.    The place where the army was stationed is known  as Weragantota. Gurulopotha and Weragantota are situated near Sita Kotuwa. 

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Steps from Ravana palace  leading to sita kotuwa (this is not the path which we take)

  He found heaps of food in the kitchen but didn’t have the slightest temptation to eat.  He searched every nook and corner of Lanka but could not trace  mother Sitadevi. Hanuman was worried that he  had to look  many ladies which was against his brahmachari vow. But he convinced himself that if you have to search for a deer, you will have to search amongst deers.  Likewise, a woman has to be searched amongst women.  AS he respected all women as his mother and sister, his mind was very clear and was only focused on our Mother’s ( Thayar’s ) welfare.

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After searching for the second time, Hanumanji was worried .He  sat on a rock  and decided to end his life as he knew that if he returned without seeing Sitadevi, he would be the cause for destruction of Ishvaku race and the vaanaras. 

Hanuman however regained his determination and realized his mistake. 

He understood that though he  prayed to all the gods  he  forgot to offer prayers to  Mother Sitadevi

Recollecting HER appearance as an ayonija,  

He immediately prayed to Sitadevi guarded by Rama and Lakshmana to disclose her whereabouts similar to the way SHE chose to appear to King Janaka.

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BIRTH PLACE OF SITADEVI AT SITA MARHI, BIHAR

 By the grace of Sitadevi,  Hanumanji spotted Ashoka vanam- a beautiful garden which he had missed to explore

This place where Hanuman sat and contemplated on Mother Sita is identified as MANIKATUTHER located between Ramboda and Nuwara Eliya.

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It is about 20 kms from RAmboda hill and Nuwara Eliya is about 50 kms from Manikatuther. 

Manikatuther is located in Labbookelle Tea Estate in Kondakalai village on a hill bgetween Nuwara Eliya and Ramboda.  WE need to take an auto to go up the hill which has a muddy path from the base. 

AFter reaching a certain point, we have to trek up the hill through Labbookelle Tea Estate .

The scenic beauty is inexplicable. When we visited this place, the whole area was engulfed in fog , it was drizzling and cool breeze was soothing . ( As the muddy road was drenched with rain, we were told that it would not be possible to go there by our guide.  But we insisted to be taken there and because of Hanuman’s grace, two auto drivers agreed to take us and we could visit the place.)  Presently , there is only a small shiva linga under a tree. 

Sri.Kanakaraj, a disciple of Chinmaya Mission who accompanied us informed that on a clear day, we can view both Ramboda and Nuwara Eliya.

Reaching Lanka, Ravana held Sitadevi captive in Mandodari’s palace which is now known as Sita kotuwa.  Indra prayed to Sitadevi to sustain herself by partaking heavenly sweet for the world’s welfare .  Ravana later shifted HER to Ashoka vanam(presently known as Hakgala Gardens in Nuwara Eliya)

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presuming SHE would like the hill station and the natural beauty of his kingdom and succumb to his wish. The village is named as Kondakalai because while Ravana was forcibly taking Sitadevi to Ashoka vanam, Sitadevi’s hair got deranged.

He also informed that the food given by RAvana to Sitadevi was thrown away by HER which fell scattered in the surrounding forests.  The remains became  fossils  known as “SITA GOOLI” have been certified by American researchers as vitaminised rice balls dating few   thousands of years . These balls are considered as symbol of auspiciousness.  We were fortunate to get them to be placed in our altar.

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SITA GOOLI AND LEAVES OF ASHOKA TREE

Near Manikatuther, there is a  temple for Sriman Narayana seated on Garuda with Sridevi and Bhudevi.  Mahavishnu is bluish in complexion .  But the locals address this temple as “Rama temple”. 

During Margazhi,(Dec-Jan), early morning Pooja is performed and bhajans are conducted in the nights during the whole month. Few rare beautiful pics from Ramayanam are hung on the walls inside the temple.

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ASHOKA VANAM (HAKGALA BOTANICAL GARDENS IN NUWARA ELIYA)

When Hanumanji entered Ashoka Vanam (presently known as Hakgala Botanical Gardens in Nuwara Eliya), the flowers blossomed , birds chirped and the weather was very pleasant.  Some flowers dropped on Hanuman’s body which added to his beauty.

Hanuman jumped from one tree to the other in search of Sitadevi.  Finally, he found a sobbing distressed lady glowing with effulgence under a tree and looking at her appearance, the colour of her sari  and the jewels which were hanging from the tree, Hanuman guessed that it was Sitadevi.  His joy knew no bounds.

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He was contemplating as to how he has to pick up a conversation with her. Meanwhile, RAvana arrived and started persuading  Sitadevi.  

Mother Sita underwent all these troubles to put an end to Ravana’s atrocities who was slave to lust thus causing harm to womanhood all over the world.  (Poorvacharyars reason that as the wives of celestial persons  were held captive by him, Mother Sitadevi came to Lanka to rescue them ).  Just as a mother who will ensure to protect all the children,
Sitadevi who is the mother of Universe  advised him to restore HER back to Lord Rama and get saved mentioning Sri Rama’s nature to forgive anyone who came for asylum even if it had committed the gravest sin.    When Sitadevi rebuked him by recalling his cowardly act of stealing HER in Srirama’s absence , he became so wild that he wanted to harm her but was stopped by his wife Daanyamaalini. 

The egoistic Ravana  left after warning her that she would be killed and served as breakfast at the end of two months in case she doesn’t concede to his request.

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The rakshasis who were threatening her were chastised by Trijata-Vibhishana’s daughter who disclosed the dream she had. 

Trijata revealed her dream in which  she saw victorious Lord Rama seated with Sitadevi wearing white silk clothes on Pushpaka vimanam ,Ravana’s death, anhilation  of rakshasa clan, Vibhishana’s coronation and advised the rakshasis to stop  torturing Sitadevi as SHE alone could protect them from SRirama’s wrath. 

The rakshasis stopped harassing and slept.  Sitadevi who was totally devastated, decided to end her life by hanging HERSELF from Simshuka tree with her hair.

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Hanumanji who was sitting on the Simshuka tree became worried at HER approach.  To save HER from this disaster, Hanuman softly sang Srirama’s story  starting from HIS appearance,wedding, banishment , Ravana’s foul play in kidnapping Sitadevi, Jatayu’s death, Sugreeva’s friendship, their search operation etc. Hanuman presented himself as Rama’s messenger and sugreeva’s minister.

He described in detail about Srirama and enquired about devi’s identity.  When Sitadevi got convinced that he was Rama’s messenger, Hanuman presented the holy ring given by Srirama to her and pacified HER that SRirama would kill Ravana ,resuce HER and return to Ayodhya to rule the world. Just as our acharyar gives us the holy name (Tirumantram) to us during Samasrayanam, Hanuman gave tthe holy ring with SRirama’s name engraved on it.  Looking at the ring, Sitadevi wept uncontrollably remembering their separation and suffering .

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Thus , the entire Ramayana was sung by Hanuman. This place is known famously known as “SITA ELIYA-SITA AMMAN TEMPLE” located about 4 kms from Nuwara Eliya on a lower altitude. Nuwara Eliya,also known as “Little England” located in the Central highlands of Srilanka  is a hill station and one of the coldest regions in Srilanka .

The thought that Sitadevi sitting under the tree in the cool Ashoka gardens without any protection against the harsh weather conditions made us feel depressed.

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Hanuman convinced Sitadevi that Srirama would come at the earliest and rescue HER.  Unable to tolerate Sitadevi’s distress, Hanumanji offered to carry HER on his shoulders and unite HER with Srirama.  He expanded his form to convince about his capabilities.  So, we can see  two sets of footprints in Sita Amman temple-one small and the other one huge .  

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Hanuman pacified Jaganmatha assuring HER of Srirama’s arrival to resue HER and consoled her thus saving HER life.  When Hanuman requested Sitadevi  to give some token of identification to present to Srirama, Sitadevi handed over the “choodamani ” and shared few incidents with Hanuman including Kakasuran’s episode , about how the Lord applied thilak so that HE would believe Hanuman as these incidents happened in solitude.

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SPHATIK SHILA IN CHITRAKOOT-THE PLACE OF KAKASURAN EPISODE

After taking Sitadevi’s blessings, Hanuman decided to meet Ravana and convey Rama’s message.  So, he uprooted the trees in Ashoka vanam .  He defeated the rakshasas who came to fight, destroyed one-fourth of Ravana’s army including 80000 kinnaras, five army chiefs, Ravana’s son-Akshakumara and finally voluntarily got bound by Indrajit’s brahmastra as vayuputra wanted an audience with Ravana.

All these incidents took place at “” Hakgala Botanical Gardens”.  

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The deities  which are considered thousands of years old  were recovered from the stream in Sita Eliya two hundred years ago

Hanuman was taken to RAvana’s assembly in Sigiriya Fort

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INNER VIEW OF SIGIRIYA FORT (RAVANA PALACE)

Hanuman introduced himself as Sugreeva’s minister and Srirama’s messenger , informed the killing of Vali who had humbled RAvana earlier ,  advised Ravana to return Sitadevi and save his clan from Srirama’s wrath which infuriated Ravana .

Ravana ordered Hanuman to be killed but was intercepted by Vibhishana who said that a messenger should not be killed but could be punished. 

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RAVANA’S THRONE ON SIGIRIYA FORT

 

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Ravana ordered that Hanuman’s tail be burnt and taken along all the streets .  Hanuman’s tail was wound with cloth dipped in oil and fire was lit. The jubilant rakshasas unaware of Hanuman’s prowess abused him and insulted him by throwing stones and took him through all the places.  Hanuman unmindful of the pain thought that it was a good opportunity so that he can once again see Lanka in the day light.  Few rakshasis rushed to Sitadevi to inform about the happenings.    Sitadevi experienced intolerable grief for the punishment.  She washed her hands in the nearby stream , lit a pyre and prayed to Agnideva to protect Hanuman by proclaiming that if she was chaste and if it is true that sirama would resuce her, Agni should not harm Hanuman.  

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Hanuman realised that though his tail was burning, he didn’t feel any burning sensation or pain. He realised that it was because of Sitadevi’s compassion , the fire didn’t harm him.  Hanuman wanted to express his gratitude to firegod by offering the tall mansions to agni. Hanuman freed himself from rakshasas’ clutches and jumping from one building to the other including RAvana’s palace and assembly , he lit fire in all the places. 

AS  the golden Lankapura  was on a hill where heavy winds blow, the fire spread immediately . The whole of Lanka was in flames.

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Hanuman burnt the whole Lanka including Ravana’s airports at WEragantota , Ussangoda (the southern tip of Lanka). 

Hanuman cooled his burning tail in the waters near Ussangoda near Hambantota- a sea coast about 83 kms from Galle.The sand  here is red in colour.  Usually red sand would be wet whereas here it is as hard as rock.  No vegetation grows here. This is a protected site.  It is advisable to visit this place in daytime .

 Hanuman became worried about Sitadevi’s welfare as the entire Lanka was burning.  But he heard from celestial beings about Sitadevi’s safety and Vibhishana’s house not burnt.  The pleased Hanuman returned to Ashoka vanam and after personally seeing Sitadevi assured her about Rama’s arrival and returned to Kishkinda after taking Mother Sita’s blessings. Assuming a huge form, Hanuman took off from “Arishta” parvatham from Lanka to cross over the ocean to reach Mahendragiri.  Unable to bear his weight, Arishta parvatham got submerged into the sea with only the top visible.  This is considered as “Andaman islands” (this info was shared by Andamanese during our visit-not sure about the authenticity but there is a similarity in the names-Arishta—Andaman)

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Hanuman returned to the vanara camp and shared with them Sitadevi’s welfare.  He informed them in detail about his entire journey.  They started the return journey to Kishkinda to inform the good news to SRiram, Enroute  stopped for a while at Madhuban near Hampi to satisfy their hunger. While all the vanaras were satiating their hunger by drinking honey and eating fruits, Our Hanuman was relising   the nectarian names of Lord Rama  which was his lifeline.

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HANUMAN’S IMAGE AT MADHUVAN NEAR HAMPI

Hanuman and other vanaras headed by Angadha returned to Maalyavan parvath and informed about Sitadevi’s welfare and presented the choodamani to Srirama.  A beautiful temple for the Lordships at the place where this incident took place can be seen in Hampi.  Srirama praised Hanuman and  embraced him for completing the mission thus emphasising that HE COULD BE ATTAINED ONLY WITH HANUMAN’S GRACE.

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The place where Hanumanji conveyed Sitamata’s welfare and offered Choodamani to Srirama-Hampi,Karnataka

Our poorvacharyas say that  when Hanuman submittd to Srirama without Sitadevi, his tail got burnt but when he got Sitadevi’s blessings, he was blessed with  Lord Rama’s  embrace . 

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This emphasizes  Thayar’s intervention as PUrushakaaram in our Srivaishnava sampradayam.   Thus ends  the wonderful prose Sundarakandam.

Pics credits  :  Few from Social media 

                  

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

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Musings of Lord Krishna and Thirumangai Azhwar … a divine pastime


Pacurappadi Ramayanam is a great work which has not a single word of his own. With sentences , phrases and divine words recognisably found in DivyaPrabhandam , Acharyar had reconstructed the whole Ramayana in just two pages without omission of any important incident .

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Lord Krishna’s appearance day (Aavani (tamil month) Rohini nakshatra ) also coincides with a very revered Acharyar Swami Periyavaachan Pillai appearance day .

Periyavaachan Pillai elucidates about a revered venerated great teacher .

We have glories to Periya perumal ( Lord Ranganathar) Peria Azhwar ( Bhattarpiran ) Periya Jeeyar ( Swamy Manavalamamuni) and Periyavaachanpillai ( our great teacher) .

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Thirumangai Azhwar, the last Azhwar was affectionately called as Kaliyan . He was the valiant army chief of the then Chola King.

For his valour the king gifted him with a small territory to rule over. Hence, he was known as Thirumangai Mannan .

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Thirumangai Azwar had initiated lot of services to our LORD at Srirangam. The hundred pillar mandapam for the yearly festival adhyayana uthsavam was his contribution .

He also built the north and south gopurams at Kulasekaran thiruveedhi ( streets ) the fourth compound wall ( Mathil suvar)…

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SUNDARAKANDAM SYNOPSIS IN TAMIL FOR DAILY RECITATION BASED ON SRI.ANNA’S UPANYASAM


Adiyen sincerely thank Smt.Malathy Kesavan, an advanced devotee who has handwritten the synopsis of Samshepa Sundarakandam in Tamil by listening to the nectarian upanyasam given by H.H.Sri.Krishnapremi Swamigal (SRI ANNA).

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sitaram

ஸ்ரீமதே ராமாநுஜாய நம:

To recite Sundarakanda dhyana slokams and respective acharyars thanian before commencing and mangala slokams in the end)

The pdf link post is appended below for printing

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2017/09/27/sundara-kanda-in-tamil-yatra-yatra-raghunatha-kirtanam-tatra-tatra-kritha-mastakanjalim-bhaspavaan-paripoorna-lochanam-marutim-namata-rakshasanthakam-the-sundarakandam-di/

காண்டங்களில் மிகவும் அழகான காண்டம் இது .  எனவே சுந்தரகாண்டம் எனப்படுகிறது. “சுந்தரே சுந்தரம் சர்வம்”  என்றபடி இந்த காண்டத்தில் எல்லாமே அழகு.  விஷயமும் மிக அழகாக இருக்கிறது. சப்தாலங்காரமும் வர்ணனைகளும் கவிதா நயத்தைக் காட்டுகிறது.  எனவே காவ்ய நடையும் இந்த காண்டத்தில் அழகு. கதாநாயகனும் கதாநாயகியும் பிரிந்து கஷ்டப்படும் போது , ஹனுமான் தூது சென்று இருவரையும் சமாதானப்படுத்தி நிம்மதி அளிக்கிறான்.  எனவே இது அழகான காண்டம். சுந்தர மூர்த்தியான ஹனுமானின் பெருமையை கூறுவதால் இது சுந்தர காண்டம்.  உலகையே மோஹிக்க செய்யும் பகவானாகிய இராமபிரானையும் மோஹிக்க செய்யும் அழகுடைய பக்தனான ஹனுமானின் பெருமையைக் கூறுவதால் இது சுந்தர காண்டம்.  ஏனெனில் பக்தனே சுந்தரன்.   பக்தியே சிறந்த சௌந்தர்யம்.

ஜாம்பவான் முதலிய வானர வீரர்களின் பிரார்த்தனையால் ஹனுமான் மந்தர மலையில் ஏறி இலங்கையை நோக்கி புறப்படலானார்.

ததோ ராவண நீதாயா: ஸீதாயா: சத்ருகர்ஸந :!    

இயேஷ பதமன்வேஷ்டும் சாரணசரிதே பதி!!

பிறகு சத்ருக்களை இளைக்கச் செய்யும் வீரனான ஹனுமான் ராவணனால் தூக்கிச் செல்லப்பட்ட சீதையின் இருப்பிடத்தை சாரணர்கள் போகும் பாதையான ஆகாயத்தில் தேட விரும்பினார்.  கட்டும் காவலுமாய்…

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Periya Koil Nambi to Thiruvarangatthu AmudhanAr ” by Jagath Acharyar Swamy Ramanuja’s grace..


It is said , Once amudanAr while penning this prabandha Swamy rAmAnuja came along with his disciples .

The lovely pASura ‘sezhundirai pArkaDal’ was written and he was about to write the next one……. ‘iruppiDam vaihundam’.

With great love seeing Acharyar , swamy wrote the next three pASuras in presence of Swamy rAmAnujar and others.

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SREEE  Amongst the several revered disciples of Jagath Acharyar  Swamy Ramanujar Swami  AmudhanAr  earlier  known as Peria Koil Nambi  was  transformed    disciple of  JagathaAcharyar .  

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Nambi  appeared in “mungirkkudi” on  Panguni Hastham  day in  Srirangam which  coincides to be today March 22 2019. 

He became the most  dearest  disciple of Swamy Ramanuja .

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However , before becoming a disciple  of Swamy Ramanuja  ,  he was  the  Head Priest at Lord Sri Ranganathar   Temple, Srirangam .

   Filled with  pride  due to his position in the temple he had no   respect  towards Acharya  Swamy Raamanuja . 

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He used to get  upset  with Swamy’s  raising popularity .Out of ego he placed many obstacles in the routine of temple services  while  Swamy   followed during the temple administration.

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 Swami Ramanuja was upset with his approach that obstructed the services to Lordships .   Swami wished that   Nambi   must be  relocated  in any other…

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“Oh ! Lord Krishna, now at this moment let the royal swan of my mind enter the tangled stems of your lotus feet .. Prana-prayana-samaye kapha-vata-pittaih. kanthavarodhana-vidhau smaranam kutas tey.


Namami Narayana-pada-pankajam

Karomi narayana-pujanam sada

Vadami narayana-nama nirmalam

Smarami narayana-tattvam avyayam

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 Once a  great Acharyar  was  explaining to his disciples about the King Yayati life in Sri Vishnu Purana .  The discussion became more interesting .

Two of his disciples asked..

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Swamin ..  .

Please tell us the difference between Bhakthi and Prapatti..

which is the best ?

 Acharyar replied……

My child !

Bhakthi is a slender stream of love proceeding from puny efforts a creature is capable of producing in his heart cavity and this is necessarily subject to many slips…

whereas   Prapatti   ( Unconditional surrender ) is the mighty flood of grace pouring down from the All  compassionate  SUPREME  LORD the creator nothing withstanding the rush of the torrent…..

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Bhakthi as it is,  needs  constant efforts  with exertion whereas 

  Prapatti is mighty flood of grace  pouring down from the Supreme  Lord as  a  natural downpour …

 The disciples continued  ..

SHOLINGUR

Acharya  !!

What chief moral lesson…

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The Ants at Tirumala


chediyAyavalvinaigaLthIrkkumthirumAlE
NediyAnE vEnGkatavA! Nin kOyilin vAchal
adiyArum vAnavarum arambaiyarum kidaNthiyanGgum
padiyAyk kidaNthu un pavaLa vAyk kAnNbEnE

Oh LORD SRI VENKATESHA!

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Ananthazhvan  the great devotee of LORD VENKATESHWARA was preparing to come down to the south in order to  attend a festival  in lower Tirumala  along with his disciples there. He took leave  of the Lord of the  seven Hills. He was accompanied by  many devotees .

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Walking down the seven  hills  amidst the devotees  was time consuming due to the forest terrains path those days .

Swamy  could see his disciples were tired and feeling hungry . He looked for a rivulet  en route for distributing and honouring  the prasadam  When the vessel was opened , much to the surprise of everyone ,. they found the prasad was  swarming with ants.

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Swamy Ananthazhwan recollected Sri Kulasekhara Azhwars pasuram on the sanctity of the Thiruvengadam hills . ( Azhwar pleads Lord to  get association of the LORD in any animate or inanimate form in the Holy hills .

He begins with…

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……….Song of GOVINDA………. Lord Krishna and the great devotee Santh Jayadevar


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 Kendubilva is a small village near to  LORD  Jagannatha Kshetram Puri , and 25 kms to Bhuvaneshwar .    This is the holy place  where the great devotee  Jayadevar appeared .
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                   The village became  more prominent and famous by the presence of  the great devotee Jayadevar  for his devotion to the Supreme  Lord .

          Jayadevar learnt all the Vedic scriptures at an young age .  He was   complete into devotional services .
Always immersed in Lord’s divine leela , he ignored  material wealth or associations.  When he came of marriageable age, his parents were searching for a bride  so as to bring him into family fold .
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                             Jayadeva’s was  not keen in entering family life  . He  remained all  alone, always in  thoughts of the great  Lord Jagganatha  divine pastimes and avoided family commitments .
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His parents pleaded him to get married  as they were getting old …

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Kidaambi Acchaan submits …… Acharya !! Is this the way to treat a disciple ? Won’t your holiness ask him to get up ? Are these exactions of civilians between teachers and disciples ? Is this a code of submission without any humanity


Acharya Is this the way to treat a disciple ?

Won’t your holiness ask him to get up ?

Are these exactions of civilians between teachers and disciples ?

Is this a code of submission without any humanity I will not care for this absurd regulations ,

He swiftly raises his guru Swamy Ramanuja and hugs him to his body to take away the heat from the body which was lying in the burning sand .

The disciple was none other than Kidaambee Acchaan (Pranatharthiharan)

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It was a practice of Swamy Ramanuja as a Yati to visit seven houses daily and collect biksha  for the day’s  offering and  consume it as prasada . This act is enjoined on the divine  principle that the ascetic has nothing to call or ought to own any worldly goods as belongings to him as such owning begets a series of attachments necessarily and weds him again to worldly interests .

Swamy Ramanuja’s main en devour was to establish the   UNITY OF GODHEAD in the world .

bbIt is said once when Swamy Ramanujar was so engaged in the throughfares  of srirangam a few boys form mere frolic waylaid him and pointing to a figure  which by their toes  they drew on the dust.  They  said innocently !

Swamy Look Here is our Perumal .  Swamy Ramanuja was delighted to hear the little boys sermon to him .He immediately  prostrated…

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Salvation is won not by bargain but by grace alone .. a divine pastime …


To reaffirm the faith of HIS devotees, LORD conversed with HIS devotees time to time . There are three incidents which our Elders keep saying about the compassion of the LORD in temples .

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To reaffirm the faith of HIS devotees,  LORD conversed with  HIS devotees  time to time . There are three incidents which our Elders keep saying about the compassion of the LORD in temples .

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At  Tirumala – Tirupathi,  Lord Venkateshwara  used to converse with the King Thondaman Chakravarthy .  In Kancheepuram, Lord Vardarajar used to converse with his  dear devotee  Swamy Tirukachi Nambigal who used to fan him daily .

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Similarly at Srirangam  Lord Ranganathar used to converse with  “Tiruvilakku pichan”the temple servant who used to light the lamps in the temple . It is a general practice all the devotees surrender to LORD and express their gratitude pain and love for the LORD in this material world.   Few devotees develop extremely intimate relationship with the Lord conversing   freely  and interact almost daily  treating him as a  human friend.

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Few decades ago , in the holy shrine of Tirumala there…

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Thirukannapuram and Munayadarayan Pongal


After seeing the sleeping beauty of Vishnu as Lord Ranganatha at Srirangam, Vibheeshna wanted to see the walking beauty of the Lord, upon which he was directed by the Lord to his “Keezh(akku) Veedu’ (Eastern Gateway of the Lord). It is believed that Lord Vishnu displayed his ‘walking beauty’ to Vibheeshana here on the new moon day. To mark this event, on every Amavasya day at 12noon, Lord SowriRajan is carried out of the Sanctum and walks to the Vibheeshna Sannidhi.

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Thirukannapuram

Many many years ago , a chieftain, Munayadarayan by name, was ruling this Nagapattinam region .

He used to honour  his food only after praying to Lord Sowri Raja Perumal of Thirukannapuram and  due to his devotion spent all his wealth in the service of the Lord . For defaulting tax payment to the king, he was arrested.

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The Lord appeared in the dream of the king and ordered him to release Munayadarayan immediately. When the chieftain returned from the custody at night, his wife served him Pongal .

As usual he offered it to the Lord at the temple .But the temple doors were closed .He became sad and so he offered the prasadam  through his manasika pooja and then honored  the  prasadam.

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Next day,

when the priest opened the temple, they  found the pudding on the lips of the Lord Sowri Raja Perumal. 

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The king also was surprised to…

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The Srivaishnava Acharyar “Swamy Nam pillAi .. who was glorified as “LokaA chAryar”


Nampillai with all humility submitted to Thozhappar . Swamin !!! Please forgive me !! Adiyen had just come here to ascertain that any misconduct of mine should not disturb your peace of mind . Having born in a distinguished family of Swamy MudaliAndaan , adiyen requests your kindness to please let me know the misconduct to earn abuse by a revered Acharyar like you .Please forgive me for any misconduct either in words or deeds . Swamin !! If not you , who will be kind enough to forgive me ..

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Those were the days  when  Swami Nampillai  the distinguished  Acharyar  was  delivering religious discourses at Srirangam temple attended by many devotees  . As Swamys discourses were absolutely soul stirring due its sweetness  in delivery devotees used to throng in thousands inside the temple . Many occasions there was a confusion about the crowds pouring inside the temple  whether some festival was going on there ,  as the numbers used to match with the number of devotees in Utsavams .

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His reputation was increasing and consequently the reputation of other Acharyas was  being overlooked.

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A contempory of Swamy Nampillai was Sri Kandadai Thozappar , grandson of Swamy Mudali Andaan  the  foremost  disciple of Swamy Ramanuja  . Swamy Thozhappar was very knowledgeable . Somehow he  became increasingly jealous about the fame and reputation of Swamy Nampillai which was going up day by day.

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One evening  while he was returning from the temple shrine ,  by divine…

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Periya Koil Nambi to Thiruvarangatthu AmudhanAr ” by Jagath Acharyar Swamy Ramanuja’s grace..


SREEE  Amongst the several revered disciples of Jagath Acharyar  Swamy Ramanujar Swami  AmudhanAr  earlier  known as Peria Koil Nambi  was  transformed    disciple of  JagathaAcharyar .  

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Nambi  appeared in “mungirkkudi” on  Panguni Hastham  day in  Srirangam which  coincides to be today March 22 2019. 

He became the most  dearest  disciple of Swamy Ramanuja .

 

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However , before becoming a disciple  of Swamy Ramanuja  ,  he was  the  Head Priest at Lord Sri Ranganathar   Temple, Srirangam .

 

   Filled with  pride  due to his position in the temple he had no   respect  towards Acharya  Swamy Raamanuja . 

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He used to get  upset  with Swamy’s  raising popularity .Out of ego he placed many obstacles in the routine of temple services  while  Swamy   followed during the temple administration.

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 Swami Ramanuja was upset with his approach that obstructed the services to Lordships .   Swami wished that   Nambi   must be  relocated  in any other service  in the temple for smooth functioning  . This will help in continuing the service to LORD  and  the smooth running of the affairs of the temple was ensured.

ramanujaaa However , Lord  Ranganathar had some other plans for Nambi   . He  appeared in  Swami Ramanuja’s dream and  commanded , that the temple priest  Periya Koil Nambi  was   serving him past several years and is dependent on  him . 

Hence , he must be taken care off  in all  reverence   .

.facebook_1492995023330Swami Ramanuja shared his dream with his  close disciple Kuresan and concluded that the Lord did not want him to dismiss Periya Koil Nambhi from the present  service ,  instead   Lord wanted Nambi to be engaged in some other kainkaryam close to him .

aaaaaaKuresan responded  to Acharyars request and felt  that the Lord wanted  Swamy Ramanuja to correct the flaws of Nambi and instead  engage him in Acharyar kaimkaryams .

IMG_20160410_132612Swamy Raamanuja suggested that Kuresan himself  should correct Nambi’s destructive ways and bring him back to the fold of Bhagavathas.  Kuresan accepted the suggestion of his Acharyan as commanded  and engaged the scholarly Periya Koil Nambi in discussions  daily inside the temple and slowly   changed  his attitude in pure  devotional service  .

3One day ,  Nambi’s mother passed away and   he  was performing her Charama kaimkaryam  in seclusion. This happened  due to  his  arrogant behavior. Many vaishnavas avoided to officiate the ceremonies which he had invited .

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This news reached Swamy  Ramanuja  . Swamy realized the desperate state  of Nambi  and suggested that Kuresan  must take part in the ceremony and bring  some change in him  .

In this important shraddha ceremony which is performed  on the eleventh day, the brahmin is considered as pretatma and fed sumptously.  To ensure that the pretatma leaves without any unfulfilled desire, it is customary to ask whether he is satisfied.  The kartha would be obliged to fulfill his desire so that the soul progresses without hindrance.  

” I am satisfied with the offerings given by the kartha  ( doer )

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However , when that stage arrived, Kuresan  remained silent  and did not reply the  expected word of  ……

“ThrupthAsma :” (  meaning he was satisfied) .

Nambi was deeply disturbed and  hence pleaded   …..

My  Master … Kuresaa

What  needs to be done to satisfy you swamin  ? 

Kooresan replied 

Swamin …. Kindly  hand over the temple keys for taking up kainkaryam … and Periakovil Nambi had to oblige.  Kooratazwan handed over the keys  to  Swamy Ramanujar. 

Acharyar advised  Kuresa and Mudaliandan to make the necessary corrections ensuring that all the festivals and upachaaras  are conducted with pomp and show . 

 

 

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Nambi was glad that the responsibility was handed over to a advanced devotee like Kuresar. Nambi   liked  Kuresar  unstinting devotion to LORD

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.The daily rituals performed meticulously with utmost devotion  made Nambi change his attitude towards the devotees and especially Swamy Ramanuja

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Lord Ranganatha was very pleased with the turn of events.   . Looking at the change in behaviour of Nambi ,  Kuresan  requested  Nambi  to accompany him to Ashram  and both of them went to   Swamy Raamanuja’s  .  Nambi  surrendered to the lotus  feet of Swamy Ramanuja with repentance .

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Acharya Ramanuja was overjoyed at the transformation in Nambi  and recognized that extraordinary scholarship .

He   recommended that Kuresan become the Acharyan to Nambi instead of him.

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The changed personality and his  sweetness of speech  earned him  the name of “AmudhanAr”  by Swamy Ramanuja himself .

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From then on, Periya Koil Nambi came to be known as ” Thiruvarangatthu AmudhanAr “. He was also addressed with reverence as “PiLLai AmudhanAr”. AmudhanAr  coming very close to Swamy Ramanuja and his Acharyar Sri Kooresar was moved by the dayaa of  Swamy RaamAnuja and  with utmost devotion composed the 108 paasurams of Sri Raamanuja Noorrandhathi and recited in front of  Lord NamperumaL.

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Lord Ranganatha commanded Swamy RamAnuja not to accompany Him on His Raaja Veedhis  procession . He also advised not to play any Naadaswaram ,   and stopped all  the musical instruments .He commanded the  Sri Vaishnavas to recite Raamanuja Noorrandhathi.

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From then on, Noorrandhathi is recited after Iyarppaa  Prabhandam at Perumal and Thayar sannidhis as per  the command of Lord  NamperumAL. Acharya Ramanuja obeyed the wish of Lord RanganAthA and included the recital of NooRRandhAthi at the end of Iyarppaa recitation, just as KaNNinuNN SiRutthAmpu is recited at the end of Mudal Aayiram.

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Thus AmudhanAr is to AchArya RaamAnujA just as Madhura Kavi is to Swamy NammAzhwAr. The two prabhandhams by Madhura kavi and Thiruvarangatthu AmudhanAr are like Naayaka rathnams adorning the gem necklace.

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In Sri In VaishNava sampradhAyam, AchAryan is recognized as the avathAra visesham of Sriman NaarAyaNan.Therefore, one worships one’s AchAryan in  form of  Perumal .

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In every one of his NooRRandhAthi paasurams, AmudhanAr placed the ThirunAmAm of Swamy RaamAnusar for our benefit.

iniyenn kuRai namakkemperumAnAr ThirunAmatthAl muni tanatha nooRRettu SAAVITHRI yennu nuNNporuLai kani tantha senjcholl KalithuraiyandhAthi paaDithanthAn punithan ThiruvarangatthamuthAhiya PuNNiyanE

(meaning We have nothing missing in our lives , now that we have the prapanna Gavathree — the 108 pasurams of RaamAnuja nooRRandhAthi celebrating our AchAryan’s sacred name in andhAthi, blessed by puNya moorthi , ThiruvarangatthamudanAr .

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Meditating on the deep meanings of this Prabhandham , we do not have any more wants in this world . We do not lack any thing.

This prabhandham is otherwise called as Prapanna Gayathri, i.e it is the gayathri manthra to all Prapannaas the ones who have surrendered . (Prapanna is a sanskrit word that means complete surrender/dedication.) to LORD lotus feet..

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A prapanna is one who has totally surrendered at the lotus  feet of Lord  Sriman Narayana.  Our most  revered  Acharyar  Swamy  Pillai Lokacharya lists the qualities of a prapanna in  his works .

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A Prapanna  must not wish that harm should befall the one who has caused him anguish. He must feel sorry for the tormentor, for even if he forgives the tormentor, the Lord will not forgive one who has tormented His devotee.

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The prapanna must laugh at the one who hurts him, because the tormentor has not realised that no hindrance can be caused to the prapanna’s attainment of moksha. The prapanna also laughs at such people, because of their ignorance.

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They think that a prapanna cares about worldly problems, when actually such things do not bother him. Pillai Lokacharya further says that we should actually be grateful to those who harm our bodies and our material possessions.

 

 

A prapanna thinks of the body and of material wealth as enemies. So if a person harms any of these, he is actually harming the prapanna’s enemies! The prapanna is also grateful to those who harm him in this world, because they make him aware of his faults.

  A Prapanna woul be feeling  Look … “At a time when I have forgotten my flaws, here is someone who has reminded me of them. So I must be grateful to him ” . .

 

 

 Naalooraan was the one, at whose instigation, a Chola king blinded Kooratazhvan. But Kooratazhvan prayed to Lord Varadaraja that Naalooran too should be granted moksha. Kooratazhvan is an example of one who wanted someone who had harmed him also to be blessed. Such is the attitude of a prapanna.

 

 

            It is said , Once  amudanAr  while    penning  this prabandha  Swamy rAmAnuja came along  with his  disciples .

The lovely  pASura  ‘sezhundirai   pArkaDal’ was written and he was about to write the next one……. ‘iruppiDam vaihundam’. 

With great love seeing Acharyar ,  swamy  wrote the next three pASuras in presence  of Swamy  rAmAnujar  and  others.

 

 

His  AchArya  AzhwAn  said  these  three pASuras  would be chanted as SATTru  pASuras       (whereas  in other prabandhas only the last two are SATTru pASuras).

This practice is still followed.

 

 

  Elders advise to meditate on Swamy Ramanujas thirumeni mentally as all the Poorvacharyas are his personification .The  comparisions is made as follows .All the holy thirumeni is equated with revered Acharyas …..

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Eyes : Uyyakondar

Forehead Thiruman Kaapu : Sri Vishvakshsenar

Head : Nammalawar

Face : Nathamuni

Cheeks : Mannakal Nambee

Abdomen : Thiruvarangaperumal Araiyar

Hands : Thirugoshtiyur nambee

Heart : Allavandar

Neck : Perianambee

Lower back : Embaar

Chest : Thirumala nambee

Back : Thirumalai Andaan

Waist : Thirukachhi nambee

Tridandam : Sri Mudali Andaan

Tulasee mani  malai : Thirukurugai Piran pillan

Shawdow : Pillai Urungavilliidasar

Holy Yagnopaveetham : Swamy Koorathazhwan

The Safron dress : Vaduganambee

The thighs : Nampillai

The Holy feet : Swamy Pillai LokaAcharyar

Padukas : Swamy Manavala maamuni

Feet Elbows : Parasara bhattar and Namjeeyar

Knees : Vadakku thiruvedi pillai

Feet marks : Thiruvazhmozhi pillai

Fragnance : Swamy Desikar

RAAMAANUJASYA CHARANAU SHARANAM PRAPADYE.

SRIMATHE  RAAMAANUJAAYA NAMA

jai jai

 Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

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Photos : Courtesy Google images

Videos :   Vijay TV, Social media clips  and Thanks to the devotees who uploaded .

All glories to Spiritual masters .

Glory of the great Acharyar “Swami Thirukachchi Nambi ” and guide to Swamy Ramanuja who conversed with Supreme Lord Varadaraja of Kancheepuram


Swami Thirukkachchi nambi appeared in a place called poo irunda valli (currently called poonamallee, near Chennai) happens to be today Maasi Mrigasira Nakshatra.

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Swami Thiru-kachchi Nambi occupies a very unique position, both as an Acharyar, and as an advanced  devotee in srivaishnava  guru parampara .

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Swamy Nambi  is one of the very few devotees with whom the Lord Himself conversed regularly.

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Swami Thirukkachchi nambi appeared  in a place called poo irunda valli (currently called poonamallee, near Chennai) happens to be today  Maasi Mrigasira Nakshatra.

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Swamy moved to kAnchIpuram, and started performing  devotional service to LORD Varadaraja at Kancheepuram temple.

His unique  service was to fan the Lord of Kanchi, Swami Varadaraja, everyday in the late morning-early afternoon, and in the night before Lord takes rest .

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While doing the service (called thiru-Ala-vatta Kainkaryam in tamil), Lord Varadaraja used to  converse  with  Swami thiru-k-kachchi nambi about the happenings around the  world.

The topics used to be anything from how the temple was being run, to the happenings in the city of Kanchipuram…

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Jai Jai Ramakrishna Hari “… The Lord’s Name is eternal ………………..rest all is ephemeral” Bhaktha Tukaram


To enable the assembled devotees who stand far away from the tree, the temple authorities have tied a red flag as an indication. When the breeze gently blows, the red flag moves which can be witnessed by everyone. The assembled devotees continuously sing the abhangs and as noon approaches, the fervor and intensity of the bhajans increases. Words cannot describe the sight. One has to personally witness this incident. We were there … to receive Our Bhaktha Tukaram’s blessings …What a journey it was ..

Sadhu Satsangh ki Jai ..

Bhaktha Tukaram ki Jai

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When one thinks of  the holy place Pandharpur , mind races to have darshan of Lord Vittala and when the quest  to know about  his devotees begin  ,  the  biography of the great saint Santh Tukaram  brings tears .

Santh Tukaram appeared  during  the year 1608 A.D in   a  small village  Dehu in Poone  district which is about 41 kms from Ahobila Mutt, Pune .     and  seven miles from another important place  Alandi—the place honored by the Samadhi of  another  great saint Jnaneshwar.

Tukaram  from his childhood  worshiped  Lord Vittala  of Pandharpur.  

His  Elders  constructed a  small temple of their own  and dedicated it  to  Lord Vittala .  His  family members, since many generations, had  participated in  the ‘Wari’ of Pandharpur, i.e., the annual pilgrimages to Pandharpur on the eleventh day of the month of Ashadh (June-July) and again on the eleventh day of the month…

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“Thiruvedupari utsavam” 20/03/19… The Divine loot by Azhwar at Seerkazhee in Tamil Nadu..


All glories to the devotees who will be attending the Thiruvedipuri Utsavam on March 20 , 2019

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Azhwars were the incarnations of of Lord Sriman Narayana’s divine weapons and ornaments (“Azhwar” in Tamil means ‘one who is immersed’).

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Since the advanced saints were always immersed in the Lord and His qualities, they were glorified as Azhwars and the places which was glorified by Azhwars are earmarked as Divya desams .

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Out of the 12 azhwars, 4 Azhwars appeared towards the end of Dwapara yuga and Eight Azhwars appeared during Kali yuga.

Thirumangai Azhwar appeared on the 397th year after the advent of Kaliyuga as per “Guru Parampara prabhavam” composed by Sri.Pinbhagzhagiya Perumal Jeey.ar Neelan as he was called appeared on a bright Thursday in Nala varushey(year name), Karthigai maasey (karthigai month as per tamil calender[Nov-Dec])on Krithikai star on Pournami in Kallar kulam at Thirukuraiyalur – a small village near Thirunangoor about one hour drive from Sirkazhi.

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The remote village of Thirunangoor near Sirkazhi reverberates with…

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Pillai Urangavilli Dasar the disciple of Swamy Ramanuja .. ..whose wisdom was blinded with deep love for the Supreme Lord.. a divine pastime


Please know that caste is of no importance..
It is the virtue that is most important and prized .
This is why I say ….
Even River Cauvery cannot clean me completely.

But this man’s touch can purify me.
That’s why I lean on him when I return from the river.
Villi, my child ….. please teach these people how to love.”

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Pillai Uranga Villidasan  was  a favorite disciple to Swamy Ramanuja .He became very close to his Master so rare that was his piety  though belonged to a lower caste he had privileges conferred upon him .

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Very often Swamy Ramanuja was seen returning from Kaveri leaning on the shoulders of Swamy MudaliAndaan and Villidasan  .

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A brahmana is unclean before bath and clean after a bath and the disciples watching were curious with their Masters way why they had not changed places while accompanying Swamy Ramanuja .

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They took courage to question their Master for an explanation.

Swamy condescended to them saying  , my children  !

Have you not heard that learning , riches and high birth swell a fool with pride , but adorn the wise man ?

 This  man our villidasan  is utterly destitute of this three fold vice but we are not .

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Hence he is fit enough…

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……….Song of GOVINDA………. Lord Krishna and the great devotee Santh Jayadevar


  
 Kendubilva is a small village near to  LORD  Jagannatha Kshetram Puri , and 25 kms to Bhuvaneshwar .    This is the holy place  where the great devotee  Jayadevar appeared .
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                   The village became  more prominent and famous by the presence of  the great devotee Jayadevar  for his devotion to the Supreme  Lord .

 

          Jayadevar learnt all the Vedic scriptures at an young age .  He was   complete into devotional services .
Always immersed in Lord’s divine leela , he ignored  material wealth or associations.  When he came of marriageable age, his parents were searching for a bride  so as to bring him into family fold .
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                             Jayadeva’s was  not keen in entering family life  . He  remained all  alone, always in  thoughts of the great  Lord Jagganatha  divine pastimes and avoided family commitments .
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His parents pleaded him to get married  as they were getting old  .
Jayadevar did not agree  as he felt that it  would hinder his dedication to Lord Jagganatha 
Days rolled by.    
Jayadevar continued his devotional services  going places , His parents were getting old and  passed away.
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Jayadevar was now all alone.
He moved away and resided near to the temple  and was performing  srimad bhagavath  parayanam.  
He  lived on Unchavrutti accepting what Lord Jaggantha sends him through his devotees  He was with niyama  performing his karmanustams and was steadfast in his activities.
But  Lord Jagganatha  had other ideas.
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Near to the village ,  there was another  devotee  by name Devasharma.
Devasharma prayed Lord  that if he  had a son he would offer him to Lord  to perform  devotional  services  in the temple of  Lord Jagannatha at Puri..
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  Lord , however  graced  him a  with girl child.
The bubbly  child was named Padmavathi.  She was trained in all household chores and devotional service from her childhood.    
  Padmavathi came of marriageable age.
He proceeded to  Sri Jagannathar temple  and prayed LORD  as to what he could do to fulfill the promise he made as he had a daughter who will not be allowed inside the temple for HIS service  .
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He  prayed Lord !!!  I dont know the way, how will you take this girl, he asked with tearful eyes.
Being tired he slept that night near the temple.
  Lord  appeared in his dream and said, “Oh Devasharma ..
We  appreciate your bhakthi,  and  will  definitely take your daughter for our  services  and will tell you the way how.
Me and my  devotee  are no different.
As you only wanted to perform the service  , well………., you can do the same to my  devotee  for a long long time.
jai jai jai
 Our adorable devotee  is Jayadevar who is living very near to  you .
Please approach him and accept him as your bridegroom.
Give Padmavathi in marriage to Jayadevar”.
Having heard this  Devasharma was quite pleased that his prayers are  fulfilled.
He returned to his village.
Looking at his daughter he said   …. my dear child .. padma …
 LORD  has given his blessings and mentioned the name of her husband.
 He proceeded  to the ashram of Jayadevar  and introduced himself  . He requested Jayadevar to accept his daughter as his wife .
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 Jayadevar  a  sincere devotee   did not argue or answer him .  He  just left looking walking  towards temple .
Devasharma however did not feel bad  as he had faith in LORD’s   instructions .
He went home  called Padmavathi and told 
My dear  child “Padma……Please come with me now …. He went towards Jayadevar’s ashram and showed the ashram of  Jayadevar and said …
Look there ,  the effulgent face with divine look  who is walking towards the temple ..
..Yes  he is your husband henceforth .
Its Lord Jagganthar’s sankalpam that you be married to him  for a divine cause .
Serve him as you are serving the LORD himself . Its my final wish  my child …
jaya jaya jaya
Padmavathi obeyed her father’s instructions implicitly.
Normally Jayadevar would rise early everyday, have his  bath  from the nearby stream . He would  perform japa  and walk back to his Ashram .
Padma  would come  to his ashram  sweep the surroundings , water the plants , pluck flowers, clean the pooja vessels , clean the altar and leave the ashram before Jayadevar returns 
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Jayadevar after finishing his japa would return  and see everything in the ashram transformed .
Very much surprised , he believed some devotee is serving Lord .
The services continued  and a month passed by.  Jayadevar  liked  his ashram being  kept clean and neat and  being a brahmachari he appreciated this very much.
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He felt the need to inquire and find out all about this and once identified who it was he wanted to do something in return for the favor and if  she had any  desires  he wanted to bless her with that.
Thinking thus one day he arrived a bit early to his ashram and saw Padmavathi
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Jayadevar hardly had looked at her   He now inquired about her name and where she was from and what she wanted and the reason why she was serving this ashram.
His questions were without any preamble just like Dasaratha had asked Vishwamitra.
Padmavathi replied that she always wanted to do some service   to  Lord Jaggantahar  for a long long time and serving his devotee will make her LORD more  happy.
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He then understood why such a question had been asked by him and why such an answer was received as probably the bhagawan‘s wish. He understood the divine motive of the Supreme Lord .  Jayadevar  went to Padmavathi’s father and requested his daughter to be given in marriage to him. Jayadevar’s coming was known to the brahmanan as he was sure that it was bhagawan’s sankalpam and it will definitely happen one day.
Marriage happened between Padmavathi and Jayadevar. They both performed LORD JAGGANATHA service ( Krishna seva)  together. The ashram now became a Griham.
Sadhu seva, Bhagavath kainkaryam was being done as this is the main activity of a Grihasta.
Jayadevar started to understand what Bhakthi fully was.
Now as the Bhakthi became  more like a rasam, Jayadevar started to like it very much and he started to appreciate Padmavathis kainkaryam, he also started to like the various rasams described by padmavathi and his bhakthi started to blossom tenfold.
While performing abhishekam, Jayadevar would pour all of the abhishekam ingredients  at once on top of the  deity  of  Lord  Krishna .
Watching this  Padmavathi would say   …
Swami …..“Why dont you  offer  the milk , water  slowly as Sri Krishna would become breathless with your action. 
Jayadevar would think, “Oh! Why did I not know this. He corrected himself and became more connected with deity worship…
While  performing archanas with flowers, padmavathi would tell  him not to put the flowers all over the  LORD and cover  instead   spread the fragrant  flowers  all around so that while doing the archana we could have the grace of the beauty of  our krishna and be able to see the  lotus feet  (thiruvadi )of the  Supreme Lord 
Thus, Jayadevar  started to like and understand the suggestions made by Padmavathi very much as he started learning the loving ways of performing kainkaryam to the bhagawan.
While adorning the dresses to the Lordships ( Vasthrams ) , Padmavathi would give some suggestions on how to tie the vastrams differently as she now said, ‘instead of the same blue black vastram, you can put the yellow one and the red one here on the top and see how nice it looks’.
. Jayadevar started to think, ‘oh thats a good idea, why did I not think of that before’.
He felt that Padmavathi was showing the way to him to bhakthi rasam and as Padmavathi started singing, Jayadevar, himself being a poet, his poetic instincts started to flower. Because of his poetic instincts, Krishna bhakthi and the  support from Padmavathi  his heart started to pour kavyams.
This Kayvam in the form of Gita slokas started flowing and he started to teach Padmavathi how to dance.
 The young couple were more of Prema Bhakthas.
Jayadevar considered Padmavathi not as his better half but as a Krishna dasi.
Padmavathi in turn feels herself as Jaya and Jayadevar as padma and they were like two sakhis for Sri Krishna.
Both of them dancing in front of Sri Krishna, their shringaram was like Bhakthi shringaram. Not like the worldly shringaram.
In all his Krishna leelas, Brindavanam prasidha leela, Kandithaa Varnanam leela is most prominent
Jayadevar thinks in his mind that Sri Krishna in order to pacify Radha rani  would request   to place  her lotus  feet on his head.
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 Jayadevar  suddenly  doubts ….
He  thinks this is not correct as ‘Radhai (jeevatma) keeping her feet on the head of the paramatma’ is incorrect  .
Jayadevar is perplexed at this.
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This poem is not Jayadevar’s, its just coming on its own  from his divine thoughts .
Thus LORD  Krishna has put the seed in his thoughts 
Jayadevar  decides to write this,  but then he puts the pen down  confused . Thus he does many times not getting courage enough to write it.
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He never thought of Radha as a separate but rather as a Bhaktha, Gopikai and thats Bhaktars anyway.
For all the devotees ,  Lord Sri Krishna’s respect for their Bhakthi is also true .
But Jayadevar had a little hesitation.
Jayadevar thinking so decided that in this part, ‘I need to modify with some other phrase’. Thinking thus, he went to perform his usual Thaila Snanam (oil bath).
Padmavathi  who was  alone in the house ,  heard her name being called “Padma” and as she turned to see, she saw that he has already come back.
She  said …Swami you just left ..How is that you returned so quickly …
Jayadevar who was looking so effulgent  said,
I suddenly remembered a sentence, and hence  wanted to write in the poem  otherwise I would  forget it. That’s why i came so early.
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Please bring that palm leaf’. He took the leaf and then in his beautiful handwriting started to write the  verse  he did not want to write initially.
smara-garala-khandanam
mama sirasi mandanam
dehi pada-pallavam udaram
 roughly translated means 
The beautiful flower blossoms of Your feet counteract the deadly poison of amorous love. They extinguish the terrifying fire of the pain of that love, which rages within My heart. Therefore, please be kind and allow Your feet to decorate My head.”
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Then returning the palm leaf to padma and asking her to keep it back, he left.
 Jayadevar went back  and after completing his shower and  japa  came to see that what he had not wanted to write had already been written by some one already …
He was shocked and amazed to see the palm leaf which  had the verse he did not want to write …
He asked Padmavathi,   my  dear   please tell me  ‘Who wrote this verse ?
 She  expressed ignorance  and asked 
Swami ….Why?
He replied  …dear   ……What I did not want to write, somebody has  already written that …
Padmavathi asked,   
Swami  ‘Did you tell your  feelings  to anyone else or me anytime’.
Jayadevar said, ‘No! this should not be said, its  a divine secret .
So I had kept it in my heart only.’
 Padma replied,
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Swami   ‘Whoever was in your heart only would have written this then’.
The moment he realized what Padma was saying, tears flowed like torrent 
Oh Krishna …. he wept  like a child …
He saw the palm leaf repeatedly ..the  handwriting and the words written were  like pearls and he touched them with his eyes.
Lord  had accepted his words for that sentence.
Not only that, the entire Gita Govindam was accepted.
He then looked at Padmavathi and said,
My dear  “Padmavathi,  you are blessed one! With tears he said ….
Am blessed to have a devotee as my life partner … 
Your  devotion  is  flawless   and that’s the reason  LORD appeared .
  Recollecting the divine incident  tears flowed down her face.
LORD  blessed the couple
Gita Govinda is  centered around  24 Ashtapadis (songs with 8 couplets).
 saturated with the flavour of the divine love of Krsna and Radha…
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The Ashtapadis are about different moods  of  love between  Lord Krishna and Radha….
Some are almost  in form of hymns, listing  Lord Krishna’s achievements in his various incarnations ……..
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Some are glimpses into Krishna’s and  Radha’s minds at times of separation, anger or reconciliation and   
Some others are the words of messengers sent to each other, urging mercy and to swallow pride. 
GLORIES TO JAYADEVAR for giving us KRISHNA BHAKTHI …
 May my mind surrender to all the  great devotees of the Supreme LORD 
JAI JAI JAI JAGANNATHA
Adiyen Ramanuja dasan
Pics & Video : Courtesy shared by devotees in social media 

” Thiruvaaimozhi pillai vaibhavam ” Parama guru of Lord Ranganathar…. …. Swamy Manavala Mamuni attributing everything to the lotus feet of his legendary Acharyar… ( Yendhai Thiruvaimozhi Pillai Inn arulaal..)”


The final (74) verse was an addition by Erumbiappa disciple of Swamy Mamuni that the fortunates heads who seek the holy feet (Sandals) of Sri Manavala Mamunigal are certain to be touched by Amanava at Srivaikuntam . This contact would cleanse the emancipated soul of the last traces of karma and render it pure to enter the land of Bliss.

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The most revered Acharyar in Srivaishnava sampradayam was Swamy Srisailesar . Srisailer was disciple of the legendary revered  saint Swamy Pillai Loka Acharyar.

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( The most respected and adored saint who played a very important role in Lord Ranganathar’s safety during the Turks invasion few hundred years back )

Check the appended post for more details ..

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2015/10/30/the-devoted-srivaishnava-acharyas-at-srirangam-2/

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Swami Srisailesar appeared in a illustrious village kunthinagaram   near  Madurai.        His parents named him as “Thirumalai azhwaar”.

A very intelligent and highly talented young lad who assimilated all types of knowledge including administration with dedication was loved by one and all . He had samashrayanam (initiation ) done from his Acharyar Swamy Pillai Lokacharyar and was given a name as Satagopa dasar.

Those were the times when the illustrious Pandyan Kings were ruling Madurai. King Kulasekhara Pandyan had two sons Sundara Pandyan and Veera Pandyan. Contrary to tradition, the king proclaimed…

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At Tirumala ………………… ” Vastralankara Seva” (Melchert Vastram) darshan experience


The Lord of the seven hills is the Lord of the universe. The special significance of Lord Venkateswara temple at Tirumala lies in the fact that it is the oldest religious institutions in the world where unbroken religious worship is being carried on for over 1,500 years by revered Acharyas and millions of pilgrims reach the holy abode more than any other temple in the world .The temple is held in high veneration by many devotees.

The average number of pilgrims who seek Lord’s darshan ranges from 50,000 to 1,00,000 and more daily and on festivals double this .The emotional outpourings of the great Azhwars makes one rush to this sacred hills to have HIS darshan . Mere listening to the emotional compositions of his noblest and humblest devotees, like Annamacharya Tyagaraja and Purandara Dasa suffices. They combine the quintessence of the Vedas and the Upanishads.

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Everything begins and ends or is reduced to sunyam (nothingness) before him, while the infinite world pens to the sincere seeker with an infinitesimal offering. This is because spiritual wealth through devotion is the basis of life .

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VenkaTAdri samam sthAnam brahmANDe nAsti kinchana

venkateSa samo devo na bhUto na bhaviSyati!

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There is no place in the entire universe that equals Venkatadri ,

the place where …

Lord resides ……..

.and there is no Lord,

either in the past nor in the future…….

who shall equal our Lord Venkateswara.

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Tirumala is one of the seven Swayam Vyaktha Kshetrams .

Tradition has it, that hands of man did not work for the dhruva bera ( Main deity ) of Lord Venkateswara .

Lord out of His own will, and abundant mercy had appeared at TIRUMALA and continues to stay here for this age Kaliyuga

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This ageless temple of Lord Venkateswara is located a top the Tirumala Hill at an elevation of 3,000 feet .

The abode of Lord Venkateshwara stands unique as an embodiment of man’s eternal quest for the divine and seeking His infinite grace.

TTRRY

A pilgrimage to the sacred Hills is a soul-stirring experience cherished by every devotee. Even atheists and rationalists admit a sense of humility and the presence of the Lord here .

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As one approaches the inner sanctum , a strong pull towards LORD is experienced.

The soul identifies its existence in this body and regrets its foolishness in remaining in several bodies for several births and ignoring HIS love for us.

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Lord Venkateswara is glorified as Pratyaksha Daivam (manifest divinity) who helps all his devotees in distress .

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The great saint Swamy Nammazhwar categorically relives his musings in a verse…

pOkinRa kaalangaL pOya kaalangaL* pOku kaalangaL,

* thaay thandhai uyi-raaginRaay*

unnai _naan adaindhEn viduvEnO,?

paaginRa tholpugaz moovulakukkum*

naathanE! paramaa,*

thaNvENGkadam mEkinRaay*

thaNdhuzaay virai_ naaRukaNNiyanE.

At all times past, present and future ……..

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Oh Lord!!!

You are my mother, my father my very life itself

…and …

your holiness having reached you,

Oh Lord!!

Will I ever let you go?

Oh lord of the three worlds …

Oh Supreme One!

With your eternal fame,

so far-reaching, with the fragrant cool garland of tulasi leaves …….

You grace the cool Venkata hill.

TTYU

Few come out with rain of tears and a few feeling relived, and a few want more to just be there looking at HIM.. ….

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doing nothing more ……like an infant cuddling in the arms of his mother asking nothing ……………………………

All men irrespective of religion, status, caste, and creed make several trips in their lives to worship the LORD, as they are our divine parents for ever.

TTRRY

At Tirumala apart from having sarva darshanam , devotees participate in daily Arjitha sevas such as Suprabatha seva , Thomala seva, Archana Seva , Kalyanaotsavam, Arjitha brahmotsavam, dolotsavam, Sahasradeepalankarana seva , vasanthothsavam, Ekantha seva conducted at different times in a day .

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Apart from the daily seva , weekly sevas that comprises of Vishesha pooja on Monday , Ashtadalapada padmaaradhana on Tuesday , Sahsrakalshabhishekam on Wednesday, Thiruppavada sevai on Thursday and Abhishekam ( Vastralankarana sevai ) on Friday conducted in a grand manner .

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Among all the above darshanams ,the Vastralankara seva ( Abhishekam )/(Thirumanjanam) on Friday early hours is most cherished darshan for any devotee , as one has the great fortune to be in the temple inner sanctum for more than two hours having continuous uninteruppted darshan of the Supreme Lord amongst vedic chants and azhwars’s divya prabhanda sevakalam

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For this wonderful darshan the devotee is supposed to report one day in advance on Thursday.

We had the great fortune to attend this wonderful darshan few years ago by Lord’s abundant mercy …


Appended below is a brief submission for being selected few in having the darshan………

On Friday early hours around 2 AM, the ubhaydhaare reports at Vaikuntam queue complex for Arjitha seva ticket verification.

Hearing suprabhatam being recited inside the temple and silently chanting the same………

we walk in the queue………….

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. ( the origin of the suprabhatam or wishing of an auspicious dawn was penned by His holiness sri P.B.Annan 600 years ago * the divine pastime is shared in the below appended post )

Continue reading “At Tirumala ………………… ” Vastralankara Seva” (Melchert Vastram) darshan experience”

All knowledge does not make one a great devotee


A true vaishnava is always in a surrender mood and seeks LORDS company in all animate and inanimate species .For him LORD is everywhere ..

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The reclusive Uttang Rishi stayed  in the forests for most of his life  and  had  little contact with the rest of the world.

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It was during one such long stay away from civilization that the war between the Pandavas and Kauravas ripened to enmity and ended in the calamitous war at Kurukshetra  which  resulted in the decimation of all the Kauravas.

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Always in penance the Rishi moved places .

Pleased with his sincere devotion , LORD appeared and  said,

My  dear    ….

“I wish to grant you a boon,

O most righteous sage!

What would you ask of me?”

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Uttang  Rishi  replied , Oh Lord

  “I need nothing !

The only thing that I, perhaps, may seek is that I may not lack for water wherever I am, since I travel in wild and inaccessible places.”…

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Lord replied ..“Granted!”

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Later , once , Uttang Rishi was traveling  through…

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Lotus feet !! tad-vishhNoH paramaM padaM, says the Upanishads meaning the Divine feet are the supreme..


The lotus feet of the Divine are ageless and faultless, they eradicate all our misdeeds –

so goes one Vedic mantra …

caraNaM pavitraM vitataM purANaM yena pUtas-tarati dushhkRtAni.

kazhiyur varadan's blog

jai jai

The absolute sense of surrender echoes the feeling that we have none other to protect us  other than our divine parents and seek their lotus feet .Our karmic parents , husband , wife friends even the demi gods will not be able to rescue us  and it is LORD SRIMAN NARAYANA alone who can take care of  us all the time .The divine feet constitute the ultimate solace for all sorrows.

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Peria Azwar expresses his musings about Lord Krishna’s  stay at Gokulam , Mathura and Vrindavan in his divine out pourings Naalayira Divya Prabhandam ( Appended link below about the divine pastimes )

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2015/09/04/chinni-krishna-and-peria-azhwar/

The holy feet which walked on the ground had impressions they called it as  samrajya lakshanam .

All those divine marks on the soles of his lotus feet , those lovely impressions were visible on the ground in gokulam .

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Azhwars and Acharyas have expressed…

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Sri Vishnu sahasranama Sthothra, a garland of thousand divine nectarine nam


Sree Vishnu sahasranama Sthothra, is a garland of the thousand divine names of Lord Vishnu, strung into a beautiful sthothra by the legendary Rishi “Veda Vyasa” , acknowledged as one of the greatest exponents of the Vedic wisdom. The first 13 stanzas are the dialog between Yudhisthira and Bhishmacharya . The next three stanzas are the customary Dhyana verses…. It is said that in Veda Vyasa’s 149th chapter Anushasanika Parvam of the Great Epic Mahabharatha, the Vishnu Sahasranama Stotra, the 1000 names of the Lord Vishnu are written..

kazhiyur varadan's blog

….Sri Vishnusahsranama ..………a divine gift from Bhishmacharya ………………..

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After the great Mahabharata war, as per destiny , Bhismacharya was lying on the bed of arrows . He was letting the world know that he was waiting for the auspicious time [punya kala] for the sun orienting its direction northwards [Uttarayan] for leaving his mortal body.

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Deep inside his heart he was praying Lord Krishna to bless him with his darshan during his last moments of his life . Bhismacharya was patiently bearing the pain and being a nice devotee had the firmness not to ask the lord for relief and instead waited for the Lord to grace him .

 

The lord also acted in the same way as his devotee. Since Bhismacharya did not directly call upon Lord , the Lord also decided that he will not use that as a direct reason for giving him his darshan.

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It…

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The King of Ascetics …….. “KashAya sobhi kamaneeya sikhA nivEsam .. dandatraya ujjvala karam vimala upaveetam … udyat dinEsa nibham ullasat oordhva pundram roopam tavAstu yatirAja drisOr mamAgrE”


Swamy was immensely pleased with his services .

He at once took him inside the temple and walked directly inside along with the washerman.

The washerman was overjoyed with Swamy’s mercy .

Swamy Ramanuja with all humilty prayed and said .

Oh .Lord! Jagathrakshaka …!!

kazhiyur varadan's blog

Few hundred years ago at Srirangam the capital of SriVaishnavam , the King of Ascetics , Jagath Acharyar Swamy Ramanuja showered his mercy on several citizens . Far away from the Srirangam temple there was a poor peasant named Pattini Perumal born in the fourth varna . An ardent devotee of LORD Ranganathar he used to sing the Azhwars pasurams with devotion and was always immersed in the depth of his emotions .

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Swamy Ramanuja used to take the route to the kaveri river bank daily along the side of his hut . One day listening to the divine outpourings from the poor man , he stopped and went inside the hut to see the great devotee . Pattini perumal was shocked to see Jagath Acharyar entering his hut .

He offered his obeisances and seeked blessings .Both of them were immersed in the sweet ecstasy of Azhwar hymns not…

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Thirunangoor Manjal Kuliyal darshanam Eleven Garuda seva Utsavam Feb 4th – 5th 2019


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Offering  countless obeisances to Asmath Acharyar, Sri Sri  Mudaliandan Swamy and all spiritual masters ,  Adiyen wishes to share our  travel and darisanam experiences  at Thirunangoor done few years back . We had  attended this  great festival twice and  wish to share the divine experiences to all the devotees .

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It will be a great fortune and mercy for the ones who will be attending this year festival  on Thai Amavasai  which is being celebrated from 04-02-2019 to 05-02-2019 at Thirunangoor and get the blessings of our Thirumanga Azhwar .

Watch the clip and get in that mood of devotion ….

 

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The remote  village of Thirunangoor near Sirkazhi reverberates with satsangh   every year Thai Amavasya and the succeeding 2  days are celebrated in a  very grand manner.

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On Thai Amavasya, Thirumangai Azhwar  the great saint of  Vaishnava sampradaya is given Manjal Kuliyal  (holy bath with turmeric water) which is being celebrated in this remote village past  12 centuries .

11GarudaSevai_Pathirigai_pg1.jpg Continue reading “Thirunangoor Manjal Kuliyal darshanam Eleven Garuda seva Utsavam Feb 4th – 5th 2019”

BHARATHAZHWAN — THE EMBODIMENT OF TOTAL SURRENDER TO LORD RAMA


Out of the innumerable avatars ,  Lord  Maha Vishnu incarnated as   Lord Rama…

SRIRAMAAA

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Lord   appeared  to establish dharma in the world by following the rules and regulations laid down as per  the Shastras. 

  The purpose of his appearance was to annihilate the evil forces  torturing the world in the form of Rakshasas headed by Ravana and establish dharma .

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Dasaratha Chakravarthy who ruled the world from Ayodhya performed Putrakameshti yagam and was blessed with NECTAR  which was distributed amongst his three wives- Kousalya who was given half the share, then to Sumitra with one-fourth share , and then to Kaikeyi who was given one-eighth share and the balance of one-eighth was again given to Sumitra.  Kousalya consumed first, followed by Kaikeyi and then Sumitra who had two shares consumed the one-fourth share and then one-eighth share.  Based on this sequence, four  lovely sons were born to Dasaratha during Chaitra month in Sukla paksham starting from Navami thithi.

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Sri Rama was born to Dasaratha Chakravarthy and Kousalya Devi in the star  Punarvasu , Bharata to Kaikeyi in Poosam star,  

Lakshmana and Shatruguna were born to Sumitra in Asilesha star. 

Right from birth, Ram –Lakshmana and Bharata-Shatruguna were inseparable.

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Our poorvacharyars say that

Rama demonstrated how youngsters have to respect and abide by elders’ wishes,

Lakshmana was born to do service to the Lord,

Bharata was born to obey Sri Rama’s orders and

Shatruguna was born to serve devotee-Bharata.

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Lakshmana did all services to Srirama as per his own will

whereas Bharata always obeyed his brother, Srirama

In Kamba Ramayana it is briefed , Lord Rama is asked by  his father Dasaratha to  fullfill mother Kaikeyis wish .     Rama comes to tell this news to kousalya.

She asks him “Who will be the king then?”.

Ram replies “It will be my brother,Bharatha”.

Kousalya replies, My son !!   “except for the small problem that he is younger to you,

I dont see anything wrong in it.

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He is three times better than you to rule this kingdom”.

Kousalya saw Bharatha as three times better than Rama even when her only son was about to go to forest.

Kambar next describes the scene of Bharatha going to forest to meet Rama.

RAMAAAAAAAAA

He meets Guha on the way.

When Guha knows why Bharatha has come to forest,he is overjoyed.

He hugs Bharatha and says “Even thousand Rama’s are not equal to you.

” Kambar elevates Bharatha to 1000 times than Rama.

Earlier it was three times,now its 1000 times..

Ram doesnt return after 14 year period.

Bharatha  as per his vow to Lord Rama is about to jump into fire.

Whole ayodhya is weeping.

Kousalya runs to stop Bharatha.

She says “Dont do it my son.

I can live without Rama but not without you.

Not even multi million Rama’s are equal to you”.

Bharathas status is elevated to multi million times than Rama,the hero of kamba Ramayanam. 

Bharata is considered to be the foremost bhagavata who never exercised his free will and always obeyed  Lords’ instructions. 

He is the embodiment of saranagathi. 

Shatruguna is praised by our acharyars as the one who served the Bhagavata (devotee) than the Lord. 

For him, devotee was everything.

One can understand the true character of Bharata in Ayodhya kaandam and Yudha Kaandam.

  By just contemplating on Bharata, the embodiment of virtue , our minds get purified. 

Such is his character.

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It is well known that Kaikeyi exercised her boons and demanded that the  kingdom  to be given to her son, Bharata  and banish Srirama for fourteen years to forest  which Dasaratha had to accept without any option.

Though  Srirama was the rightful heir, he  happily agreed the kingdom to be ruled by his dear brother, Bharata and left for forest with Mother Sita and the inseparable Lakshmana.  During this incident, Bharata and Shatruguna were in their uncle’s place.

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Soon after Srirama left for forest, Dasaratha left his  mortal body and Bharata was summoned to return to kingdom .  He was aghast to know the happenings and accused his own mother,Kaikeyi  for banishing Srirama and being the cause of death of his dear father.   Kaikieyi came back to senses only after Bharata shouted at her and blamed her. The whole world accused  Bharata that he is part of his mother’s conspiracy in usurping the throne and for banishing Srirama. 

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Bharata , the embodiment of dharma had to face so much humiliation from the world for his mother’s foolish act.

When   Bharata learnt from Sage Vasishta that he was not allowed to do the final rites for his father and when he was  proposed by the elders to occupy the throne for which his mother fought, he was totally shattered and devastated.  He pleaded  innocence  in front of everyone and declared  that he is not part of the foul play and makes various promises to convince everyone that he is not prepared to upsurge the throne.  This incident in Ramayanam will make even a stone hearten person weep.  He proposed to go personally in search of Srirama and bring him back.

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The funeral rites were performed by Shatruguna and immediately after completing the necessary formalities , Bharata set out with Sage Vasishta and other rishis, ministers, his mother and step mothers and  entire army and came  to the banks of Ganges where he meets Guhan.  Guhan, the hunter chief initially suspected  him to be a traitor was ready to fight with the mighty Ayodhya army and kill Bharata whom he felt was the cause for Srirama’s exile.   But when he saw Bharata from close quarters with swollen eyes caused due to crying inconsolably, he realized that he was misguided .  

  Bharata lamented  about his innocence and with tear filled eyes, convinced  Guha that he is not interested in the throne and that Lord Rama’s lotus feet is the only refuge for him.

They proceeded to Chitrakoot. Seeing the dust filled in the air and hearing various sounds in that serene place,  Lakshmana climbed  on top of a tree and saw an army approaching them.

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He saw their flag and concluded  that Bharata has come in search of Srirama to kill him.  He furiously took  his weapons to challenge Bharata.  Srirama pacified  him and ordered  him to remain cool.

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Leaving the citizens ,army and queens behind, Bharata along with Shatruguna walked  bare footed along with Sage Vasista and elderly ministers towards Sri rama’s hermitage.  Bharata fell like a stick at Rama’s lotus feet and wept  inconsolably.

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Srirama pacified him, cajoled him, made him sit on his lap and enquired him about the kingdom and instructed him of how to manage the kingdom and take care of citizens.  Bharata was confused as to why these instructions were given to him.  He said that he is not eligible to rule the kingdom and it is Srirama’s birth right to rule over the world and protect everyone including him. 

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Srirama comes to know about Dasaratha’s demise and is shattered.  The four brothers lamented  over their father’s demise and as per Sage Vasishta’s instructions performed tharpanam to the departed soul on the banks of Mandagini in Chitrakoot. It is customary to give oblations to the departed souls at this place even today.

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Bharata placed the crown in front of Srirama and requested the sages and priests to coronate Srirama with the sacred water brought from various punya theerthams amidst chanting of vedic mantras.   He pleaded with Srirama to return to Ayodhya but Srirama refused that it was HIS Responsibility to keep up his father’s promise. 

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Despite repeated persuasions by Bharata to return to Ayodhya, Srirama was firm in keeping up his father’s promise.  So, finally Bharata requested him to promise that the Lord would return after fourteen years and rule the kingdom for which Srirama accepts.  Meanwhile, Bharata proposed Srirama to give his paadhukas (wooden sandals) to him which would rule Ayodhya during his absence.

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He submitted that he would act as HIS representative and take care of the citizens till Srirama’s return. He made Srirama promise that he would return after completion of his exile and even if he delayed by a single day, Bharata would commit suicide.  This incident makes even the rock on which Srirama sat to melt.  This can be seen in Chitrakoot.

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As his attempts in cornating Srirama became futile, Bharata poured all the punya theerthams brought for the coronation in a nearby well.  We can see this well even today at Chitrakoot.  The uniqueness about this well is the taste of water is different.   WE are asked to draw water from four sides of the well and much to our amazement, we find that the taste differs.

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Bharata returned with Srirama padhukas to Ayodhya and after placing the padhukas on the throne, he represented  Lord Rama in ruling. 

Bharata opted to stay outside the city in Nandigramam which is about 20 kms from Ayodhya , disrobed the royal costumes and adorned deer cloth like Srirama and knotted his hair like jadai.  Shatruguna followed suit.

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SRI RAMA PADHUKAS WORSHIPPED BY BHARAT, NANDIGRAM

A beautiful temple is constructed at the place where Bharata had his ashram.

  It is known as Bharat Mandir. 

There are two temples-old and the new one wherein we can see Bharata in tapasvi attire and Srirama padhukas placed on the altar.

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IMAGE OF BHARAT IN BHARAT MANDIR,NANDIGRAM

Bharata used to feel ashamed of himself to such an extent that he used to have bath in cold waters of River Sarayu even before dawn so as to avoid abuses from the citizens.  This pond is known as Bharat kund in Nandigramam.

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BHARAT KUND AT NANDIGRAM NEAR AYODHYA

At the end of fourteen years after exile, Bharata was eagerly waiting for Srirama’s arrival.  As the time was ticking away, he became restless and  lit the fire to sacrifice his life while others were perplexed and didn’t know what to do. Such was his devotion to Srirama.

He did only those acts  which pleased Srirama and obeyed HIS instructions

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He started circumbulating the fire when Hanuman, the prana dhaata, appeared on the sky singing the praises of Srirama.  Hanuman approached Bharata with the good news of Srirama’s arrival and saved his life.  Bharata overwhelmed with the news hugged Hanuman tightly to his chest.

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BHARATA HUGGING HANUMAN CLOSELY TO HIS HEART, NANDIGRAM

This can be seen at Bharat Milap Mandir in Nandigramam. 

He praised Hanuman for bringing such nectarian news about his brother’s arrival.

As soon as Srirama’s  Pushpaka vimanam halted, he entered into the vimanam  prostrated at the lotus feet of his brother and handed over the kingdom.

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Shatruguna arranged for shaving their jadais and having bath.  There is a temple on the banks of Bharat kund at Nandigram where this incident took place.  Later the princes returned to Ayodhya and Srirama ruled the kingdom.

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  When Srirama proposed Lakshmana to be the Yuvaraja and assist him in ruling the kingdom, Lakshmana refused as his free will of serving Srirama all the time prevailed over everything.  But when Srirama proposed Bharata to be the Yuvaraja , he accepted it as Rama kainkaryam.  He did everything as per his brother’s wish.

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In the holy epic Srimad Ramayana we come across many  people who had served LORD with supreme love and  devotion.  A doubt  arises  as to who among st all these people was the supreme devotee ?

Few  consider it was Lakshmana ,

few say it was Hanuman ,

few Vibhishana  ,

and few Guha 

while some  Sugriva  , sabaari , Jataayu so on .

. However  Swamy Desikar in his magnum opus Paduka Sahasra expresses

Bharataaya param namostu tasmai

pradhamodaaharanaaya bhakthibhaajam

it was Bharata  to be praised as the most supreme devotee among the devotees of Lord Ramachandra .The reasons quoted are enlightening . Though Bharata and Lakshmana were both immensely devoted to Lord Rama and wished to serve him , the one who obeyed was  Bharata . He submitted to Lord Rama by ruling Ayodhya for 14 years patiently bore the sorrow of separation and ruled the kingdom to the joy of the people . Even though he was the King , he wore matted locks and the bark of a tree , denied himself the prosperity of the Kingdom , slept on the floor and led a harsh life .

He demonstrated how a great a Tapasvi he was .When lord  returned from exile after 14 years he was himself overcome by the harsh penance observed by his dear brother and praised him. Lord Rama concluded by saying that Bharata observed the vow of separation by virtually standing on the edge of a sword .

The subject decides on the immense love and devotion Bharata had for his brother , he was not mentally inclines to enjoy any of the kingly pleasures and observed the vow of awaiting the return of his brother in a most unwavering manner .

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When Bharatha arrived in search of Lord Rama and Lakshmana to this holy place Chitrakoot , he offered his obesiances and requested for them to return and prayed  to come along with his retinue .Lakshmana doubted Bharata’s approach and threatened to kill him .

Lord Rama prevented him and said Bharata has no desire or eagerness to rule the kingdom .He neither entertains any deceitful thoughts about me .If on the other way you have such desire to rule over the kingdom , please tell me .I shall speak to Bharata  and convince him to handover the kingdom to you so that bharata will remain with me ..On hearing these words Lakshmana felt ashamed and bowed down his head in remorse .

Though Bharata was given the kingdom to rule and had access to all sorts of enjoyment, he rejected and abstained from all sorts of comfort and undertook a vow for Srirama’s reunion with him.  Such is the character of blemish less Bharata.

Let us prostrate to the lotus feet of Bharata and pray for Sri Rama bhakti.

JAI SRI RAM

Mother !!!!! spoke Embaar the great disciple of Swamy Ramanuja …………………………………………….. When SUPREME LORD is in my heart and present everywhere , ever watching me , how can i feel lonely enough to be able to do any other work other than that of HIS contemplation and praise ?


Swamy Embaar appeared during the year 1026 in the month of Makara ( Tamil Month of Thai  under the the constellation of Punarvasu.

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Embaars maternal uncle Thirumalai nambhi named him as Govinda Bhattar.



Govinda was the first cousin of  JagathAcharyar Swami Ramanuja .

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Both of them attended the Academy of Yadhava Prakasha ( Yadhava Prakasha a  Advaitin ) at Thiruputkuzzi near Kancheepuram  for vedic studies .

 

 

 

The  unfortunate  design planned  by their Guru Yadavaprakasha to kill Swamy Ramanuja was foiled by  young Govinda. 
 
Seeing an early opportunity , Govinda advised  Swamy Ramanuja to leave the  group   during  the night to escape the danger .
 
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As advised by  his cousin Govinda , Ramanujar did the same and reached Kanchi
 
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( We  cherish  how our  Swamy Ramanujar was saved by Lord Varadar  and his consort from getting lost in jungles and had safe passage to Kanchipuram)
 
 
{ Even to this day the same event is celebrated as Salai Kinaru Usthavam .
Check the appended blog post for details
 



 

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Yadhava Prakasha noticed Ramanujar missing and asked all the disciples to search for him. 
Govinda pretended to search  for Ramanuja  so that he should not be doubted.

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All concluded that Ramanuja must have lost his way in the wild jungle and have been devoured by wild animals.
Yadavaprakasha  continued the sojourn to Kashi along with his  disciples .

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Then on reaching Kashi , Govinda took dip and rose his palms , he saw a Shiva Lingam in his hand surprised , he showed it to his master .

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His Guru commanded that as Paramasivan  is pleased with Govinda and it is his direct blessings , he must worship him.

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Govinda worshipped the Lingam in Madhuramangalam ( even to this day you can see this Lingam) .

Later ,he dreamt Paramasivan of Kalahasthi beckoned him so he went to Kalahasthi and continued to worship in the temple .

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Years rolled on .

Swami Ramanuja became the disciple of Thirukachi Nambhigal , Periya Nambhi, Thirukoshtiyur nambhi and had taken sanyasa .

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Ramanuja needed some trusted lieutenant to assist him . He then remembered Govinda , whose timely advice saved his life.

Now the real problem was how to bring Govinda back into Vaishnava fold .

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He requested his Maternal uncle Thirumalai Nambhi to explore the possibilities of bringing Govinda back to vaishnava fold .

Thirumalai Nambhi went to Kalahasthi and  met Govinda and quoted few verses of His Acharyar Alawandar’s Shostra Ratna Mala .

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He impressed upon Govinda that worshipping Lord Sriman Narayana is the only way for path to salvation .

Govinda got convinced  took permission from Paramasivan  and proceeded along with his uncle to Thirumalai to learn Divyaprabhandam under him.






Meanwhile Swamy Ramanuja for learning the inner secrets of Srimad Ramayana from his uncle Thirumalai Nambhi  proceeded to Tirumala.




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Once he finished his Srimad Ramayana studies under Thirumalai Nambhi , Acharyar and  his own uncle wanted to gift something to his student and lamented he did not have anything to give.

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Seizing the wonderful  opportunity  Swamy Ramanuja   requested  Govinda to be  allowed to  join him, which Acharyar  Nambhigal readily agreed .

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Swami Ramanuja and Govinda returned back to Srirangam via Kanchi.

He gifted him with a necklace as per elders version which is seen in the temple




Though he joined Swamy Ramanuja , Govinda was always sad that he was missing his Acharyar and Uncle .

Seeing the sad plight Swamy Ramanuja immediately asked Govindar  to go back to  Acharyar Thirumalai Nambhigals place.  

Overjoyed Govindar returns to Tirumala .

 

On reaching he understands even his  Acharyar is unhappy with his decision as Nambhigal ignores him .

He  advises Govindar  to return back and  quotes

  “Cow once sold or gifted in dhana cannot be taken back .

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Govinda with humility  returns back to  Swamy Ramanuja , more refined, wiser and chastened.

Swamy Ramanuja  pleased with  his move and affection advises him to attend  all lectures, discourse, debates expositions and dispositions.

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  Govindar gradually  becomes  a shadow of  Swamy Ramanuja and serve his master day and night.

 



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Though Govinda was married, he never lived a householders life, and remained like a Brahmachari .  He wanted to take Sanyasa like his master Ramanuja. But his Mother was unhappy about this and she wanted the linage to grow.   She approached Ramanuja and expressed her  deep desire .  Ramanuja asked Govinda to spend some time with his wife in privacy .

Govinda respected his master’s word and spent time with his wife, but whole  night he  explained  his wife  about  Lord’s divya leelai and experiences becoming transcendental by absorbing the esoteric truths .

The next day his wife narrated to her mother  in law  how advanced devotee his son was and she was blessed to be in his company hearing the Lord’s divine pastimes .  



Mother was shocked ..

She summoned her son and asked  was there anything he had to say about  his loneliness  last night …


Govinda replied …Mother .!!!

When SUPREME LORD is in my heart and present everywhere , ever watching me , how can i feel lonely enough to be able to do any other work other than that of   contemplating on HIM ..

Swamy Ramanuja tested Govindas Celibacy in different ways and found latter was firm like a mountain and his aim was to become an ascetic.

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He presents Govinda a Arch robe of an ascetic and  gives  his initiated  name  as “Emperumanar”





Govindar   informs  his master whether he  did  deserve this honor at all




Swamy Ramanuja  joins  the first and last syllables of his name and gives the name   “EMBAR”and thus  Govinda got his name “EMBAR” our most revered Acharyar

As commanded by Ramanuja , Embar taught Parasara Bhatta all that he learnt from his Acharyar   .

He succeeded in making the Parasara Bhatta the worthy successor of  Swamy Ramanuja to carry on the Ramanuja Sidhantha to the future generation.



During the year 1137  when our beloved Swamy Ramanujar shed his mortal coil and proceeded to Srivaikuntam , Swamy rested himself  keeping his head in Embars lap .

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Embar composed the work called “VIJNAASTHUTHI”.

rAmanuja padhachchAya gOvindAhvAna pAyini |
thadAyattha svarUpAssA jeeyAnmadviSramasthali: ||

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

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Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

Pics : Credits Google images

Videos : Credits several advance devotees who shared it in social media

Lord Krishna’s largest umbrella… Giri Govardhan … (Govarththanam ennum kotrraa kkudaiyE….)


e holy hill Goverdhanagiri , more popularly addressed as “GIRIRAJ GOVERDHAN” is located in the middle of the town Goverdhan which is 24 kms from Vrindavan and approximately 26 kms west of Mathura..

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 The  holy hill Goverdhanagiri , more popularly addressed as “GIRIRAJ GOVERDHAN” is located in the middle of the town Goverdhan which is 24 kms from Vrindavan and approximately 26 kms west of Mathura. The routes to Vrindavan and Goverdhan from Mathura are different . Many buses and share autos ply to Goverdhanagiri from Mathura and Vrindavan round the clock. Radha Kund, Shyam Kund and Manasi Ganga are in the precints of the hill.

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This  HOLY DHAAM  is considered as the most sacred place in  Vrindavan and  performing Pradhikshana is most auspicious .Few lacs  number of devotees perform Pradhakshina during Karthik maas and few thousands every day ….

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Goverdhana hill is formed in the shape of a peacock. Radha Kund and Shyam Kund are the eyes. Dan Ghati is its long neck. Mukharavinda is the mouth and punchari is its back and tail feathers. As the hill is very sacred…

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Lord glorified as Kallar –piran/Chora-nathar (head of thieves)


his temple Lordships is glorified by our Nammazhwar .The temple is one of the 108 srivaishnava divya desams .
The King was stunned to see Kaaladhooshakan .

The bewitching smile and the magnetic aura he carried made the entire court spellbound .The eyes carried a special effect.

The King was just watching his glowing face .Meanwhile , the minister questioned him for the reason his stealing .

The thief ( LORD ) said I have stole that part of the wealth which is as per dharma. Your majesty has not protected the dharma as a King and hence we had to interfere The temple is also classified as a Navatirupathy , the nine temples revered by Nammazhwar located in the banks of Tambaraparani river.

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Near Tirunelveli -Thiruchendur route at the northern banks of the holy river  Tambaraparani river , there is a glorious temple of  Lord Vaikuntanathar .

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Lord rests on Aadhishesha facing the east holding a wonderful mace in his divine lotus hand .

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In this small village few hundred years ago there was a thief ,kaladhooshakan .

He was a nice devotee of the Lord .

He used to visit the temple in the day and  pray Lord for a good booty in the night .

It was a one to one conversation. He made it a practice to offer fifty percent of  his loot for some service to the Lord. Though it was always petty thefts , he wished he somehow looted the royal chambers .

He ardently prayed LORD for his mission to be accomplished .He meanwhile worked with a plan to navigate the royal chambers for the d-day in…

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RAMAYANAM IN SRILANKA -AN INTRODUCTION


Hanumanji traversed through the country three times. First time,from southern tip of India to central srilanka when he came in search of Sitadevi. He flew from Mahendragiri –the southern tip of India and landed on Suvela parvatham (Ramboda) after encountering Surasa at Nagadeepa(presently this is near the north-western part of Srilanka). Further, came down and killed Simhika-the rakshasi –the place now identified as Thiruketeeswaramnear Anuradhapura and then landed on Suvela parvatham (Ramboda). Encountered Lankini-the guardian rakshasa on the western side and then entered Ravana kingdom (Sigiriya-central part), searched for Sita in Mandodari palace too (now known as Sita Kotuwa), worried and prayed to HER sitting on a rock known as Manikatuther( near Ramboda), spotted AshokaVanam(Hakgala Botanical garden-a hill station in the Central highlands) ,found Jaganmatha in a distressed position under Simshukavruksham (Sita Eliya Sita amman temple), consoled her, conveyed Srirama’s message. Hanumanji conversed with Mother Sita assuming a tiny form. As he wanted to get Sitadevi’s grace , he assumed a giant form in her presence thus convincing her about his capabilities to assume any form and obtain HER cool grace on the huge form. WE can find Hanuman Footprints(huge and small) near Sita Eliya After accepting “choodamani” from her, he destroyed Ashokavanam and challenged the asuras , vanquished one-fourth of the army killing many rakshasas including 80000 kinnaras, 5 army commanders and a vast army, Jambumaali, Akshakumaran-ravana’s son,and finally voluntarily got bound by Indrajit’s brahmastram with the intention to meet and advise Ravana to return Sitadevi. As Srirama’s messenger, he enumerated Srirama’s valour citing Vali’s death and advised him to return Sitadevi else face dire consequences. The furious Ravana ordered his tail to be burnt and accordingly Hanumanji’s tail was wrapped with cotton and dipped in oil and fire was lit to his tail. Due to Sitadevi’s prayers, the fire didn’t burn him. He set the whole Lanka into flames except the Simshuka tree which sheltered Sitadevi and dipped his burning tail at the southern most part of the country known as Ussangoda which was one of the aircraft centres of Ravana. Hanuman ensured that the safety precautions like moots etc. were damaged, hiding places for the Ravana’s army for attacking enemies were destroyed, RAvana’s aircraft centres were destroyed thus curtailing his movement out of Lanka.

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SRIMATHEY RAMANUJAYA NAMAHA

Srimad Ramayana, the great Indian scripture (Ithihasam) composed by Sage Valmiki, narrates the incidents in the lives of Lord Rama and Mother Sita who were the incarnations of Sriman Narayana (Perumal) and Mahalakshmi (Thayar) elaborately. This epic comprising of 24000 slokas has been divided into seven kaandams-Balakandam, Ayodhya Kaandam, Aaranya kaandam, Kishkindha kaandam, Sundara kaandam, Yuddha kaandam and Uttara kaandam.

The purpose of Lord Sriman Narayana incarnating as a human being was to annihilate RAvana- and Kumbakarna –the fierce demons who had acquired invincible powers from Brahma that they would not be killed by any God/demon etc., neglecting humans and monkeys (vanaras) as the egoistic Ravana felt that human beings and vanaras were too insignificant for him.Having thus obtained boons, RAvana became so powerful and invincible that he started tormenting the sages (rishis), misbehaved with women and killed innumerable beings and finally committed the gravest sin of…

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SUNDARAKANDAM PLACES IN SRI LANKA-DETAILED DESCRIPTION


Sundare sundaro ramah …… Sundare sundari katha……….

Sundare sundari sita ………… Sundare sundaram vanam,

Sundare sundaram kavyam…….Sundare sundarah kapih ………

Sundare sundaram mantram…….Sundare kim na sundaram…….

The beautiful  Sundara Kanda is the  chapter of the  Srimad Ramayana  which  speaks about the great devotee  Hanuman’s selflessness, strength, and devotion to  Lord Rama  ..

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 Hanuman was fondly called”Sundara” by his mother Anjani and Sage Valmiki chose this name over others as this kanda  deals mainly with Hanuman’jis journey to Lanka…………..

                     Everything  in this kanda is sunder ( beautiful) .

Rama is beautiful,  Sita is beautiful and the story is beautiful. 

             After  coronation of  Sugreeva as the King of Vaanaras,  Lord Srirama and Lakshmana spent four months during monsoon   in Malyavan parvath in Prasvanagiri  in Hampi, Karnataka.

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  Lord  Srirama experienced unbearable pain due to separation from  our mother Sitadevi.  The Lord was worried about Sitadevi’s welfare and  used to lament uncontrollably. 

At the end of monsoon, Sugreeva deputed crores of vaanaras and bears in all directions in search of Sitadevi giving them one month’s  time to trace the whereabouts and inform for taking up next course of action. 

 Sugreeva explained geographical  particulars  about all the places  around  the world in detail .

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The vanaras headed by  Prince Angadha and supported by senior  Jambavan and Hanuman were assigned the task of searching in the southern direction.  Lord Srirama handed over HIS finger ring to Hanumanji  who was standing in a corner.

Our poorvacharyars give reason as to why Srirama selected Hanuman to give his  finger ring .  It was the time  at Kishkinda  when Lord Rama was in search of Mother Sita .   Hanumanji  was in thoughts  to see Srirama lamenting for a lady.

Hanumanji a brahmachari was wondering as to why a person of high stature like  Lord Srirama  tutored by rishis like Sage Vasishta, Vishwamitra was so emotional .

 

Lord   Srirama  our antaryami   sensed Hanumanji’s  feelings .  To make Hanuman realise the greatness of    Sitadevi, Srirama selected Hanuman and handed over HIS finger ring with HIS holy name engraved on it. 

And it was also an indication that Paramatma  laments for all the  jivaatma in the same lines .

It was because of the  holy ring that Hanuman could cross the ocean and meet  Mother Sitadevi and obtain HER blessings.  When Hanumanji saw Sitadevi’s steadfast devotion towards   Lord Srirama, he regretted for his thoughts initially   .

Having understood HER greatness , Hanuman visualised both of them together in his heart and offered prayers.

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IMAGE OF HANUMAN AT DIVURUMPOLA IN SRILANKA (SITA AGNI PRAVESHA STHAL )

Hanumanji introduced to  mother Sitadevi that he was “Rama dhoothan” whereas when he returned to Lord Rama as “Sitadevi’s messenger” to convey the good news about Sitadevi’s welfare, he addressed himself as “Raama daasan”. With Mother’s grace, our ego vanishes.  Our poorvacharyars comment that when Hanuman went as “rama dhootan”-, he was gifted with fire on the tail whereas when he returned as Sita dhootan, he was embraced by Lord Rama.  

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The vanaras who went in the southern direction explored all the places until they reached  SWayamprabha caves in Kadayanallur near Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu .  

Swayamprabha an  advanced Sathwi  was the guardian for the magical cave owned by Mayasuran.   Anyone who entered could not come out.  She hosted the vanaras  and later  transported the vanaras to the seashore(about 150 kms away from Kadayanallur) after knowing about their devotion to Lord Rama with her powers .   Having reached the seashore, the vanaras were worried because the stipulated time of one month   fixed by their King Sugreeva  was over and they could not trace Sitadevi. They knew for sure that Sugreeva would not spare them and decided to end their lives as they did not have the courage to face Srirama  who was already suffering pangs of separation.

Angadha had lit a big pyre for them to sacrifice their lives.

He started lamenting about Sitadevi’s abduction, Jatayu sacrificing his life in Ramaseva after fighting with Ravana , their search expedition and failure in the assignment.

Sampaati-the eagle bird summoned Angadha and introduced himself as Jatayu’s elder brother , shared how he lost his wings while protecting Jatayu from the scorching heat of sun in the process loosing his wings and became immobile.

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Sampaati was informed about Jatayu’s Raama kainkaryam and he too resolved to do the same.  He informed the vanaras about Sitadevi’s whereabouts with his sharp vision in the far away land, Lanka.  Having done this Raama kainkaryam, Sampaati regained his lost wings and flew away.

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SAMPAATI CONVERSING WITH ANGADHA AND OTHER VANARAS NEAR SEASHORE

Now that the whereabouts of Sitadevi were known, the vanaras started contemplating as to who would cross the ocean which was measuring 100 yojanas (1000 miles) to meet   mother Sitadevi.  Each vanara  expressed their  ability to cross few yojanas . 

Angadha said that he could cross 100 yojanas but would not have the energy to return. 

The aged Jambavaan who knew Hanuman’s capabilities approached Hanuman and started enumerating his strength and skills.  When Hanuman was a child,he mistook Sun to be an apple and leapt in the sky to hold it.  He was hit by Indra with vajrayudham on his chin(hanu) and hence was called Hanuman.  Vayu, hanuman’s father stopped air which made the whole world breathless.  To appease his anger, brahma and other devas bestowed many boons on Hanuman. Brahma cursed him to forget his  prowess but would get back his strength when someone reminded him at an apporpriate time.  Jambavan reminded him of his capabilities and requested Hanuman to undertake Rama kainkaryam.  (Sage Agastya extolled Hanuman’s greatness  to Srirama in Uttara kaandam)

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MAHENDRAGIRI MOUNTAIN IN THIRUKURUNGUDI

He confidently proclaimed that he would finish the yeomen task of locating  mother Sitadevi saying that like Rama’s arrow which never failed to hit its target, he would accomplish the task.

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All the vanaras vowed to observe fast until Sitadevi was found.  Reposing confidence to the vaanaras,  Hanuman stood on Mahendragiri parvatham near Thirukurungudi in Tamilnadu and after offering prayers to Suryan, Indran, Vayu, Rama , He increased in size and leapt on the sky to cross the ocean.

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HANUMAN LEAPING FROM MAHENDRAGIRI

 

Thus starts Sundarakandam,-the most beautiful kaandam as everything is beautiful in it.  Every household in India has a copy of Sundarakanda .  It is a normal practice in Srivaishnava wedding to present Sundarakandam to the groom as it is considered very auspicious. 

Our poorvacharyars have clearly indicated that

Lord Rama is the Paramatma

MOther Sita is the Jivatma suffering in this material world for reunion with Paramatma

Lanka is the samsara(material world)

Our manas is Ravana and the ten senses are considered as the ten heads of Ravana

Hanuman is the acharya(gurudeva) who extols Paramatma’s qualities to Jivatma, gives the holy name to Jivatma,

submits Jivatma’s plea to Paramatma, 

destroys Lanka(samsaara) with the fire of knowledge

reunites Jivatma with Paramatma.

The jivatma who gets illusioned with material world leaves Paramatma and ends up in trouble loitering in the material world until an acharya intervenes and imparts supreme knowledge about the Lord, gives us the mantra to attain  HIM, submits our plea to the Lord and ensures our union with the Supreme Lord by destroying our desires (samasara)

 

                              And our journey to SriLanka to have the darshan of all the holy places fructified in August 2018 and an attempt is being made to reproduce the divine bliss to millions of Hari bhaktha . 

Hanumanji must have entered Srilanka from the north-western part via Thiruketeeswaram near Mannar, proceeded southwards and landed on Ramboda hills.  The places related to Sundarakandam are mostly located in Central Srilanka upto Sigiriya in the north and Ussangoda in the south.  

Valmiki maharishi beautifully describes Hanuman’s flight.  Hanumanji increased in size and stretching his hands wide leapt ffrom Mahendragiri mountain causing its residents to leave the place.  The flowers from the trees had covered Hanuman who was now resembling a flowered mountain. 

Hanumanji  faced the first hurdle which was a friendly gesture by Mynaaka parvatham who was  a close  friend of Vayu bhagavan ( Hanumanji’s father ). He offered fruits and asked Hanuman to take rest but he refused politely by embracing the mountain for its gesture saying that he intended to reach Lanka by evening and was lacking time.

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Hanuman won Mynaakam  with his friendly gesture. He didn’t succumb to any temptation.

The second hurdle came in the form of Surasa who was a Naagamaatha( mother of snakes).  The devas prompted her to test Hanuman’s capabilities.  Surasa obstructed Hanuman’s way saying that she wanted to swallow Hanuman to satiate her hunger.

 

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Hanuman informed her about his mission promising her to return and satiate her hunger but she didn’t budge saying that as per Brahma’s words, noone could pass by her without fulfilling her wish.  Hanuman asked her to open her mouth wide enough for him to get into , started increasing in size.  Surasa also widened her mouth to match his size.  The witty Hanuman suddenly decreased in size , went inside her mouth and came back even before she closed her mouth, offered obeisances to her and having satisfied her wish continued his journey.

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Surasa  was pleased with Hanuman .She blessed him assuming her true form.

 The place where this incident took place is known as Nagadweepa, also known as Nayanateevu,  is an island near the North-western part of Srilanka (between Mannar and Jaffna) is now identified as the place where this incident took place.

  There is a big temple for Naagamaatha known as Nagapooshani temple. This is also considered as one of the eighteen shakti peetams.

To reach this place, one has to drive from Jaffna for about 38 kms upto Pungudutheevu .  From Pungudutheevu drive for about 15 kms on a bridge to reach jetty. 

Our journey to this wonderful place is recorded in this video

                   Regular boat services at an interval of one hour is available to go to Nagadeepa.  The fare for the boat ride is LKR 50/- and will take about 20 minutes .

It is one way-the boat stops near the buddhist monastery and the return would be pick up from Nagapooshani temple or vice-versa .  Autos ply between these two places for a nominal charge of Rs.10/- LKR. 

In Nagadeepa, there are two places to be visited- the first one is the Buddhist monastery as Buddha had visited this place and changed the factionist Naagas into pious people and made them follow Buddhism. Nagapooshani amman temple  can be reached by auto.   Devotees perform  milk abhishekam to the naagas in the temple. 

The third hurdle for Hanumanjee  was   a rakshasi  named Simhika.    Lying on the ocean  she had the power to pull the shadow of anyone flying over her.   She  used her strength to deaccelerate Hanuman’jis  speed by pulling his shadow. 

Hanumanji realised the gravity and the unexpected hurdle .Breathing  Lord Rama’s name he waited for the right opportunity.     The moment  she opened her mouth wide to swallow him, Hanumanjee  entered into her mouth  like a bee  and piercing her stomach came out of her thus killing her.  Simhika was in a pool of blood.   Hanumanjee thus  encountered the third hurdle with his strength.

This place is identified as Thiruketeeswaram near Mannar on the North-western part of Srilanka (between Jaffna and Anuradhapura) about 116 kms  north-west  of  Anuradhapura-a famous site for Buddhists

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Also, Kethu-one of the navagrahas who is Simhika’s son prayed to Shiva at this place.  Hence this place is known as Thiruketeeswaram.

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  Mandodari’s father built this temple.  Presently the Shiva temple is undergoing renovation.

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Hanumanji landed on Suvela parvatham in Srilanka . This place is now known as Ramboda. Chinmaya mission have constructed a beautiful temple for 16 ft Hanuman .  There are 3 sets of Sita-Rama Lakshmana idols in the temple premises.  Chariot procession takes place in December . As Hanumanji alighted on this parvath on Pournami (In sudarakandam, it is mentioned that Hanuman started his search operation on Pournami and the full moon helped Hanuman with his cool light ), special poojas are performed here. Guest house accomodation(LKR 6600/-for more than 2 PAX) and food court (AnnapurnaVeg.restaurant) are being operated by the mission. (Srirama viewed Lankapura from this placE)

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After sunset, Hanumanji took a miniature form to search for Mother Sita.  He marched towards Lankapura city after crossing forests.  Being an island, Lanka was protected by sea on all four sides which was a natural barrier, it has many mountains ,lakes and rivers. Lankapura was situated on one such mountain known as Trikuta parvatham(Sigiriya) and the surrounding places around Kandy are also considered part of this .  It was well guarded on all sides by armed soldiers right from the foot of the hill. The beautiful city was built by Mayasuran-architect for asuras and Ravana’s father in law. Valmiki rishi has aptly described this location which can be found even today.    There were tunnels connections various mountains to which only Ravana had access.  Also, there were aircraft centres at various places which was used by Ravana to fly on his pushpaka vimanam.     

He  was encountered by Lankini- a rakshasi when he was trying to enter into Lankapura. Hanuman politely told  her that he would return after viewing the beautiful city but the raksasi didn’t accede. Though she hurt by  hitting Hanuman with a mace, hanuman pitied her and slightly hit her with his left fist which was unbearable for her.  She accepted defeat and recollecting Brahma’s words that when she would be defeated by a vanara, Lanka’s destruction would be inevitable, she  blessed Hanuman to be victorious in his mission.  

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Lankapura is considered as the places around Sigiriya and Kandy. RAvana ruled from Sigiriya Fort

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HANUMANJI IN RAMBODA

Hanuman defeated Lankini and started searching for Sitadevi in all the places including the Pushpaka vimanam, palaces of RAvana’s queens, Ravana’s palace, Mandodari’s palace, kitchen ,etc. Lankapura was situated on Trikuta parvatham(Sigiriya rock ) making it inaccessible to intruders. 

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Ravana’s court, palace, his queens’ palaces were all situated around this.  Right from the foot of the hills, every place was well guarded. The fort was surrounded with mouts, lakes with crocodiles is it . 

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inside sigiriya fort 

 He came across stationed armies well equipped guarding the kingdom. 

The place where Pushpaka vimanam was kept is now known as Gurulopotha near Sita Kotuwa about 100 kms north east of Kandy. (There is  only a name board and a buddhist temple ).  Likewise Mandodari palace is now known as  “Sita Kotuwa” as Sitadevi was first kept here. This is an archeological site about 3 hours drive from Kandy. 

 

A guide from the archeological survey office accompanies the visitors to the place. (Guest house facility and a small restaurant serving cool drinks,water, snacks  is run by them.)  We need to walk down the steep terrain for about an hour to reach Sita Kotuwa.    The place where the army was stationed is known  as WEragantota. Gurulopotha and Weragantota are situated near Sita Kotuwa. 

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steps from Ravana palace  leading to sita kotuwa (this is not the path which we take)

  He found heaps of food in the kitchen but didn’t have the slightest temptation to eat.  He searched every nook and corner of Lanka but could not trace  mother Sitadevi. Hanuman was worried that he  had to look  many ladies which was against his brahmachari vow. But he convinced himself that if you have to search for a deer, you will have to search amongst deers.  Likewise, a woman has to be searched amongst women.  AS he respected all women as his mother and sister, his mind was very clear and was only focused on our Mother’s ( Thayar’s ) welfare.

After searching for the second time, Hanumanji was worried .He  sat on a rock  and decided to end his life as he knew that if he returned without seeing Sitadevi, he would be the cause for destruction of Ishvaku race and the vaanaras. 

 

Hanuman however regained his determination and realized his mistake. 

He understood that though he  prayed to all the gods  he  forgot to offer prayers to  Mother Sitadevi

Recollecting HER appearance as an ayonija,  

He immediately prayed to Sitadevi guarded by Rama and Lakshmana to disclose her whereabouts similar to the way SHE chose to appear to King Janaka.

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BIRTH PLACE OF SITADEVI AT SITA MARHI, BIHAR

 By the grace of Sitadevi,  Hanumanji spotted Ashoka vanam- a beautiful garden which he had missed to explore

This place where Hanuman sat and contemplated on Mother Sita is identified as MANIKATUTHER located between Ramboda and Nuwara Eliya.

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It is about 20 kms from RAmboda hill and Nuwara Eliya is about 50 kms from Manikatuther. 

Manikatuther is located in Labbookelle Tea Estate in Kondakalai village on a hill bgetween Nuwara Eliya and Ramboda.  WE need to take an auto to go up the hill which has a muddy path from the base. 

AFter reaching a certain point, we have to trek up the hill through Labbookelle Tea Estate .

The scenic beauty is inexplicable. When we visited this place, the whole area was engulfed in fog , it was drizzling and cool breeze was soothing . ( As the muddy road was drenched with rain, we were told that it would not be possible to go there by our guide.  But we insisted to be taken there and because of Hanuman’s grace, two auto drivers agreed to take us and we could visit the place.)  Presently , there is only a small shiva linga under a tree. 

Sri.Kanakaraj, a disciple of Chinmaya Mission who accompanied us informed that on a clear day, we can view both Ramboda and Nuwara Eliya.

Reaching Lanka, Ravana held Sitadevi captive in Mandodari’s palace which is now known as Sita kotuwa.  Indra prayed to Sitadevi to sustain herself by partaking heavenly sweet for the world’s welfare .  Ravana later shifted HER to Ashoka vanam(presently known as Hakgala Gardens in Nuwara Eliya) presuming SHE would like the hill station and the natural beauty of his kingdom and succumb to his wish. The village is named as Kondakalai because while Ravana was forcibly taking Sitadevi to Ashoka vanam, Sitadevi’s hair got deranged.

He also informed that the food given by RAvana to Sitadevi was thrown away by HER which fell scattered in the surrounding forests.  The remains became  fossils  known as “SITA GOOLI” have been certified by American researchers as vitaminised rice balls dating few   thousands of years . These balls are considered as symbol of auspiciousness.  We were fortunate to get them to be placed in our altar.

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SITA GOOLI AND LEAVES OF ASHOKA TREE

Near Manikatuther, there is a  temple for Sriman Narayana seated on Garuda with Sridevi and Bhudevi.  Mahavishnu is bluish in complexion .  But the locals address this temple as “Rama temple”. 

During Margazhi,(Dec-Jan), early morning Pooja is performed and bhajans are conducted in the nights during the whole month. Few rare beautiful pics from Ramayanam are hung on the walls inside the temple.

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ASHOKA VANAM (HAKGALA BOTANICAL GARDENS IN NUWARA ELIYA)

When Hanumanji entered Ashoka Vanam (presently known as Hakgala Botanical Gardens in Nuwara Eliya), the flowers blossomed , birds chirped and the weather was very pleasant.  Some flowers dropped on Hanuman’s body which added to his beauty.

Hanuman jumped from one tree to the other in search of Sitadevi.  Finally, he found a sobbing lady under a tree and looking at her appearance, the colour of her sari  and the jewels which were hanging from the tree, Hanuman guessed that it was Sitadevi.  His joy knew no bounds.

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He was contemplating as to how he has to pick up a conversation with her. Meanwhile, RAvana arrived and started persuading  Sitadevi.  When Sitadevi rebuked him, he became so wild that he wanted to strangle her but was stopped by his wife Daanyamaalini. 

Mother Sita underwent all these troubles for our upliftment.!

He left after warning her that she would be killed and served as breakfast at the end of two months in case she doesn’t concede to his request.

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The rakshasis who were threatening her were chastised by Trijata-Vibhishana’s daughter who disclosed the dream she had. 

She dreamt about Rama’s victory, Sitadevi’s reunion  with Srirama, Ravana’s death, anhilation  of rakshasa clan, Vibhishana’s coronation and advised the rakshasis to stop  torturing Sitadevi as SHE alone could protect them from SRirama’s wrath. 

The rakshasis stopped harassing and slept.  Sitadevi who was totally devastated, decided to end her life by hanging HERSELF from Simshuka tree with her hair.

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Hanumanji who was sitting on the Simshuka tree became worried at HER approach.  To save HER from this disaster, Hanuman softly sang Srirama’s story  starting from HIS appearance,wedding, banishment , Ravana’s foul play in kidnapping Sitadevi, Jatayu’s death, Sugreeva’s friendship, their search operation etc. Hanuman presented himself as Rama’s messenger and sugreeva’s minister.  He described in detail about Srirama and enquired about devi’s identity.  When Sitadevi got convinced that he was Rama’s messenger, Hanuman presented the holy ring given by Srirama to her and pacified HER that SRirama would kill Ravana ,resuce HER and return to Ayodhya to rule the world. Looking at the ring, Sitadevi wept uncontrollably remembering their separation and suffering .

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Thus , the entire Ramayana was sung by Hanuman. This place is known famously known as “SITA ELIYA-SITA AMMAN TEMPLE” located about 4 kms from Nuwara Eliya on a lower altitude. Nuwara Eliya,also known as “Little England” located in the Central highlands of Srilanka  is one of the coldest regions in Srilanka .

The thought that Sitadevi sitting under the tree in the cool Ashoka gardens without any protection against the harsh weather conditions made us feel depressed.

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Hanuman convinced Sitadevi that Srirama would come at the earliest and rescue HER.  Unable to tolerate Sitadevi’s distress, Hanumanji offered to carry HER on his shoulders and unite HER with Srirama. 

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He expanded his form to convince about his capabilities.  So, we can see  two sets of footprints in Sita Amman temple-one small and the other one huge .  Sitadevi shared few incidents with Hanuman including Kakasuran’s episode , about how the Lord applied thilak so that HE would believe Hanuman and also gave HER choodamani to be handed over to Srirama.

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SPHATIK SHILA IN CHITRAKOOT-THE PLACE OF KAKASURAN EPISODE 

 

 

After taking Sitadevi’s blessings, Hanuman decided to meet Ravana and convey Rama’s message.  So, he uprooted the trees in Ashoka vanam .  He defeated the rakshasas who came to fight, destroyed one-fourth of Ravana’s army including 80000 kinnaras, five army chiefs, Ravana’s son-Akshakumara and finally voluntarily got bound by Indrajit’s brahmastra as Hanuman wanted an audience with Ravana.

All these incidents took place at Hakgala Botanical Gardens.

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these idols which are considered thousands of years old  were recovered from the stream in Sita Eliya two hundred years ago

Hanuman was taken to RAvana’s assembly in Sigiriya Fort

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INNER VIEW OF SIGIRIYA FORT (rAVANA PALACE)

Hanuman introduced himself as Sugreeva’s minister and Srirama’s messenger , informed the killing of Vali who had humbled RAvana earlier ,  advised Ravana to return Sitadevi and save his clan from Srirama’s wrath. 

Ravana ordered Hanuman to be killed but was intercepted by Vibhishana who said that a messenger should not be killed but could be punished. 

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RAVANA’S THRONE ON SIGIRIYA FORT 

 

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Ravana ordered that Hanuman’s tail be burnt.  Hanuman’s tail was wound with cloth dipped in oil and fire was lit.  When Sitadevi learnt about this, having faith in HER CHASTITY, SHE prayed to Agnideva to protect Hanuman from burning. 

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Hanuman realised that though his tail was burning, he didn’t feel any burning sensation or pain. Hanuman wanted to express his gratitude to firegod by offering the tall mansions to agni. Hanuman freed himself from rakshasas’ clutches and jumping from one building to the other including RAvana’s palace and assembly , he lit fire in all the places. 

AS Lankapura  was furnished with gold, the fire spread immediately . Fire spread within no time to  Ravana’s assembly on Sigiriya fort due to the strong winds that blow there.

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Hanuman burnt the whole Lanka including Ravana’s airports at WEragantota , Ussangoda (the southern tip of Lanka).  Hanuman cooled his burning tail in the waters near Ussangoda.

The sand in Ussangoda is red in colour.  Usually red sand would be wet whereas here it is as hard as rock.  No vegetation grows here. This is a protected site.  It is advisable to visit this place in daytime . 

Ussangoda near Hambantota, 83 kms east of Galle, is a sea coast on the southern part of Srilanka.

 Hanuman became worried about Sitadevi’s welfare as the entire Lanka was burning.  But he heard from celestial beings about Sitadevi’s safety and Vibhishana’s house not burnt.  The pleased Hanuman returned to Ashoka vanam and after personally seeing Sitadevi assured her about Rama’s arrival and returned to Kishkinda after taking Mother Sita’s blessings.

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Hanuman returned to the vanara camp and shared with them Sitadevi’s welfare.  He informed them in detail about his entire journey.  They started the return journey to Kishkinda to inform the good news to SRiram, Enroute  stopped for a while at Madhuban near Hampi to satisfy their hunger. While all the vanaras were satiating their hunger by drinking honey and eating fruits, Our Hanuman was engrossed in Rama kirtana which was his food.

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HANUMAN’S IMAGE AT MADHUVAN NEAR HAMPI

Hanuman and other vanaras headed by Angadha returned to Maalyavan parvath and informed about Sitadevi’s welfare and presented the choodamani to Srirama.  A beautiful temple for the Lordships at the place where this incident took place can be seen in Hampi.  Srirama praised Hanuman and  embraced him for completing the mission thus emphasising that HE COULD BE ATTAINED ONLY WITH HANUMAN’S GRACE.

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The place where Hanumanji conveyed Sitamata’s welfare and offered Choodamani to Srirama-Hampi,Karnataka

Our poorvacharyas say that  when Hanuman submittd to Srirama without Sitadevi, his tail got burnt but when he got Sitadevi’s blessings, he was blessed with Rama’s hug.  

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This emphasizes  Thayar’s intervention as PUrushakaaram in our Srivaishnava sampradayam.   Thus ends Sundarakandam.

Pics credits  :  Few from Social media 

                  The Yudhakanda post to follow which will cover all the places in Srilanka

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

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PLACES RELATED TO MOTHER SITADEVI IN SRILANKA ———- Seetha Kotuwa,Divurumpola,Ashoka Vanam,Ravana Caves ………………. the places which brings tears to Sri Sita Rama devotees


 

                              With the blessings of Asmath Acharyar and Elders we could have darshan of all the holy places  related to Srimad Ramayana , in India  during 2010 which is briefed as “SriRama  Anu yatra” travelogue

Part (1)
https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2011/01/26/piligrim-diary-to-sri-rama-holy-abodes/

Part (2)
https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2015/02/15/sri-rama-anu-yatirai-part-2/

The inert desire of visiting the holy places in Srilanka fructified this August 2018. Our Thirumaligai deities accompanied us all through ..

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After obtaining Asmath acharyar’s blessings ,and with the grace of our Kula deivam-Kazhiyur  Adikesava  Perumal and Lord Srinivasa, we undertook this yatra overseas ..

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our Altar

The Introduction is appended in the below URL 

https://kazhiyurvaradanblog.in/2018/08/26/an-introduction-to-sri-ramayana-sites-in-sri-lanka-curtain-raiser/

                             Srimad Ramayana sites in Srilanka can be classified as

  • Places where  Lord Rama  purified  Sri Lanka located in the Northern,North-Western and Central Srilanka-namely, Thalaimannar ,Ramasethu, Nilavarai Bottomless well , Ramboda, Rattota, Dunvuila, Divurumpola
  • Places  where  Mother Sita  was   held captive .  Seetha Kotuwa, Sita Eliya, Divurumpola and  RAvana Caves .
  • Places   visited by  Hanumanji    -almost the whole of Lanka especially Sigiriya, Ramboda, Manikatuther, Hakgala Botanical gardens, Sita Eliya, Ussangoda, sanjeevini drops at Rumasalla, Ritigala, Thalladi, Kacchiteevu, Dolukonda.

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Lord Srirama along with Sitadevi and Lakshmana were living in the paransaala (hermitage) constructed by Lakshmana in Panchavati near Nasik. 

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SRI SITA RAMA LAKSHMANA RESIDING IN KAMADGIRI MOUNTAIN IN CHITRAKOOT

 As the hermitage was surrounded by five banyan trees, it is known as Panchavati about 12 kms from Nashik.   The demon  Ravana deceitfully  kidnapped Mother Sita  in the absence of Lord Rama and Lakshmana at the end of thirteenth year of  exile  and flew towards Lanka in  Pushpaka Vimanam.   

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SRIRAMA EMBRACING JATAY WHILE LAKSHMANA LOOKS ON -AT TAKET NEAR NASIK

Jatayu-the eagle bird  fought valiantly with the demon RAvana sacrificing his life for  Lord Rama  and attained salvation. This place is known as Taket located about 60 kms from Nashik.

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SRIRAMA EMBRACING WOUNDED JATAYU

 Jaganmatha  Sita  became inconsolable over the death of the aged Jatayu whom Srirama addressed as “FATHER” .  When the pushpaka vimana  was flying  over Kishkinda ,  Sitadevi bundled her jewels and  dropped it in the midst 5 vanaras  at Kishkinda (Hampi)   which is located in Karnataka . These jewels were presented to Srirama  by the vanara Sugreeva while Lord was  searching for Sitadevi.

RIVER TUNGABHADRA IN KISHKINDHA (HAMPI)

Our poorvacharyas  expressed in their teachings  that Mother Sita  an incarnation of Mahalakshmi Thayar could not be kidnapped by an insignificant asura named RAvana.   Ravana after  acquiring  invincible powers by performing severe tapas was tormenting the whole universe. Puffed with arrogance , pride and lust  he had kidnapped and imprisoned many celestial girls.  To free the innocent  girls from the clutches of the cruel RAvana , the divine mother Sita  allowed RAvana to kidnap HER so that SHE could free all of  them from Ravana’s captive  .

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WAY TO SEETHA KOTUWA

This act of Mahalakshmi can be compared to a parent’s  attempt  whose child had fallen into the river.  Instead of standing at the shore and lamenting, the parent would immediately dive into the river to rescue the child.  The parent and child are related only in this life whereas we Jivatmas have relationship with Paramatma from time immemorial.

From the day we  took this  human body  due to our desires ,  Paramatma  anxious and worried makes all attempts in seeing that we recognize our original nature and  initiates all plans to make us understand our true identity .

HE sends Acharyar for our upliftment. Lord Sri Rama the Paramatma sent Hanumanji -the acharyar who glorified Paramatma and gave the holy name (ring ) to Sitadevi.

           As  Srirama had pledged to annihilate the entire asura clan, Mother Sita out of compassion wanted to save RAvana by advising him . Such was Mother’s compassion.  Whenever Sitadevi encountered RAvana, SHE advised him to extend friendship gesture as both of them were kings and Lord would be pleased to accept Ravana as his friend even though he had committed the gravest sin of separating HER from the Lord.  She enumerated  Lord Srirama’s qualities and advised  him to surrender and thus protect his wealth and clan.

Our acharyar’s ancestor- Sri Mudaliandan swamy also  glorified  as “Dasarathy” who is considered as  the reincarnation of Lord Rama HIMSELF ,and  the foremost disciple of Swamy RAmanujar  used to compare our lives with  Srimad Ramayana ….

Sita is the suffering Jivatma,

Lanka surrounded by sea on all sides can be compared to our body entangled in this samsara saagaram,

RAvana is the mind,

the ten heads of Ravana can be compared to the ten senses ,

Lord Rama is the Paramatma..

 

Hanumanjee  is the Acharya who unites Jivatma and Paramatma by conveying Paramatma’s intentions to Jivatma and doing samasrayanam.  Acharya conveys our plea to Paramatma and ensures that the Jivatma rejoins Paramatma.

 

 In Lankapura,  RAvana’s palace along with many palaces for his many queens made of pure gold once stood here majestically until Hanumanjee  burnt it down. 

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Mother Sitadevi was first brought to Mandodari Palace after alighting from Pushpaka Vimanam at Weragantota. 

Sitadevi resolved not to drink even water in Ravana’s palace until she was rescued by  Lord Srirama.

RAvana alighted from Pushpaka vimana at Weragantota near Mandodari’s palace in Lanka now known as “Seetha Kotuwa” meaning Sita’s Fort and house arrested mother sita.   

 Seetha Kotuwa  in SriLanka is about 10 kms from Weragantota  located 70 kms east of Kandy near Mahiyangana-( a famous Buddhist site and would take about 1hr 45 minutes to reach).

 

Weragantota was the runway for Ravana’s aircraft popularly known as “Pushpaka Vimanam”

SEETHA KOTUWA

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SEETHA KOTUWA

            The devas  prompted Indra to  offer payasam to  Sitadevi for HER sustenance as it was very important for Ravana’s defeat  and for the welfare of the world  . Only if Sitadevi was alive, Lord Rama would come to Lanka and kill RAvana.  So , Indra submitted their plea to  Sitadevi requesting to have the heavenly food . After making offering to Lord Rama , Sitadevi just took a morsel of it .   

It may be noted that Sitadevi discarded the food given by RAvana which was scattered around  the hilly regions .  These morsels known as “SITA GOOLI” can be traced in the forests even now to the lucky ones  around Ramboda in Kandy district.

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SITA GOOLI AND ASHOKA LEAVES

We were fortunate to get SITA GOOLI we visited Manikatuther.

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STEPS ON THE OTHER SIDE OF SEETHA KOTUWA

 

 

The archeological site  is maintained by Srilankan Government.  They have guest house facility and a restaurant . From this office ,  one needs to walk downwards in the terrains  to approach this place.The thick vegetation and forest like atmosphere with wild  shrubs on either sides makes one wonder how tough it was for mother facing this demon .

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Due to rains, the path we walked  was bit slippery.  At some places, some small rocks have been placed  to  easily step down.  Though the distance from the archeological office to the actual site is only 800 metres, it would take roughly one hour to and fro to traverse the area.  We were accompanied by a guide from the archeological department.  Our cab driver and guide helped us in all ways.  There is no temple.  Only 2 platforms on either sides which are marked as the place occupied by Mother Sita can be seen . On the other side ,we can find steep steps going further down which must have been used by the residents to reach other palaces!!

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Fearing Lord Rama’s reaction ,  RAvana escalated the security and sent spies to Dhandakaranyam to inform him about Srirama’s moves.  He persuaded Mother Sita to fulfill his wish. 

As Sitadevi was reluctant, the  egoistic Ravana who had the habit of always boasting about his achievements and wealth wanted to win Sitadevi by showing the wealth and beauty of his kingdom.

   He  relocated her from Seetha Kotuwa to Ashoka vanam on his chariot.  Sitadevi was crying inconsolably while being taken in the chariot.  This route taken by RAvana is now known as Chariot Path .  Presently this place is located between RAmboda and Nuwara Eliya. 

At the junction near Blue Field Tea Factory, we have to take an auto and drive for about 10 kms and then start trekking the hilly are for about 10 kms to reach Chariot Path.  There is  no vegetation  in this path .  We have short trees on either sides.  There is a small pond known as “sita Tear Pond”.  As the name implies, Sita’s tears got collected in this pond and this never dries up even during famine as per locals . 

Sita Flowers in the form of Rama’s bow grow only in this place.  It would take one full day to visit this place. 

Mother  was  relocated  to Ashoka vanam now known as Hakgala Botanical Gardens.  Hanumanjee  met  mother sita  under Simshuka tree now known as Sita Eliya  after crossing the ocean  while  winning the rakshasas

 

 Ashoka vanam was a pleasure garden on a hill station .  RAvana thought that Sitadevi who was used to live in forests would feel pleased being in Ashoka vanam .  As RAvana had a curse that he could not touch any woman without her consent, he was very careful in approaching Sitadevi.   Due to his tamasic nature ,he used to think  Lord Srirama as an inferior person who was exiled and hence  tried to allure  mother Sitadevi  with all the worldly comforts and riches. 

Mother Sitadevi considered RAvana and his wealth as mere grass and chastised Ravana for his action.  Angered by  mothers words , He ordered the rakshasis who were guarding her to convince her in succumbing to his wishes or else die in their hands.

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  In  Srimad Ramayanam, it is mentioned that RAvana gave one year time to Sitadevi to succumb to his wishes.  But our poorvacharyas opine that it was the other way as Mother  Sitadevi extended his life span by one year with the hope that he would change for the better and