.THE SUPREME LORD WHO MEASURED THE WORLDS……… Brahma kadigina padhamu …

         Lord Krishna declares in Bhagavad Gita

” paritranaya sadhunam              vinasaya ca duskrtam
dharma-samsthapanarthaya      sambhavami yuge yuge.

(In order to deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to                           re establish the principles of religion, I advent Myself millennium after millennium.)



The Supreme Personality of Godhead  appeared  at various times to protect the good and  eradicate  the evil. Out of the prominent Dasa-avatarams,  Vamana avataram has a special significance .


Bhakta Prahalad’s grandson  Mahabali  Chakravarthy had conquered all the worlds including Deva lokam as a result of which the devas headed by Indra had to leave Devalokam and sought their mother, Aditi’s intervention. Kashyapa rishi and Aditi prayed to Lord SrimanNarayanan for protecting the devas.  


The All compassionate  Lord appeared to them as their  own child   during the month of Sravanam when the star Sravanam was ascendant which is celebrated as Vamana Jayanti. This place is presently in Buxar, Bihar .


        The revered parents in the presence of rishis,devas and demi-gods performed yagnopaveetham (thread ceremony) to the divine child .

 The demi gods  attended in large numbers and presented deer skin, stalk, kamandalam, umbrella etc to the divine child who immediately left for the place where Bali Chakravarthy was performing a yaaga.


Though Bali Chakravarthy was born as an asura, he was dharmic and a great devotee of Lord  MahaVishnu.   Out of pride , he  conquered  the  Devalokam  and occupied Indra simhasanam  which could be attained only  after performing  100 aswamedha yagas. As the Lord had promised Prahalad earlier that HE would not kill any one his descendants and as Bali himself was a great devotee, Lord resorted to approach Bali Chakravarthy asking for alms.


As per the sastras only a brahmachari and a sanyasi can go for alms.   The all-compassionate Lord  arrived in  the form of brahmachari for seeking alms.


 This divine scene makes  Andal glorifiy  the Lord in Thiruppavai as “ONGI ULAGALANDHA UTTHAMAN PERE PAADI…..”  She addresses Perumal as “UTHTHAMAN” because the all opulent Perumal resorted for seeking alms  for the sake of saranagathaars (who took refuge in HIS LOTUS FEET )


Looking at the divine aura of  Vamana murthi who was approaching Bali’s yaagam, Bali Chakravarthy went forward to welcome him.  Bali Chakravarthy with reverence offered athithi sathkaaram and pleaded the boy to ask for anything.


 The boy replied that HE needed only 3 measures of land measured by HIS holy feet to which Bali immediately consented.  Bali’s guru, Sukracharyar guessed who the guest was and warned his disciple to refrain from fulfilling the grant.  Bali didn’t listen to his guru and went ahead to make the offering.

jai jai jai

The guru cursed him that he would loose all his wealth.  His guru, in order to protect his disciple, assumed the form of a bee and obstructed water from passing through the kamandalam with which Bali was offering.


 Lord Vamana  poked the hole with a dharbai which resulted in Sukracharyar losing an eye.   Bali was an exalted devotee who was prepared to forego everything for pleasing the Lord who was their kula dhanam.


The moment Bali Chakravarthy finished oblations,  Lord  grew gigantically and with HIS first foot measuring  the earth, with HIS second foot measured the above worlds .


When the holy FEET reached Satyalokam, Brahma immediately did paada puja(washed the Lord’s Lotus Feet).  The water which washed the holy feet became the holiest river, Ganges which Parama Shiva adorns on his head.


Annamacharyar says “Brahma Kadigina Paadhamu…….” Lord who had taken the Viswaroopam showed HIS two fingers saying that HE had conquered the entire Universe and asked as to where HE should place HIS third foot.  Bali Chakravarthy with reverence offered his head  to the Lord for him  to place HIS LOTUS FEET.


Prahalada appeared before Lord  and praised him  for the mercy HE showered on his grandfather.  

Lord  pleased with his bhakti ordered him to rule the Patala loka and granted Bali’s prayer to have HIS darshan always by remaining as a guard in Patala loka!!!!! such was  the Lord’s compassion…..


This Viswaroopam of  Lord  is  glorified  as Trivikraman .

One can have darshan of this Divya Roopam  at 3  Srivaishnava divya desams in Tamil nadu- namely,

  1. Kaazhiseerama vinnagaram(Sirkazhi ).,

2) Ulagalandha Perumal kovil at Thirukovalur and  

3) Ulagalandha Perumal kovil at Kanchipuram.


As per elders version, in Sirkazhi, Lord Trivikraman measured the first step.  Vamana murthi grew in size  and taking the Viswaroopam measured the world with HIS left foot here which  is on the air.


WE can have darsanam of right thiruvadi ( divine foot)  along with  Vamana murthi at this place only once in a year on Vaikunta Ekadasi when the kavacham from Thirumaal’s thiruvadi is removed.   Here in garbagriham,  Lord  gives darshan all alone. Compared to the other divya desams mentioned above, the Lord ‘s thirumeni ( roopam )  is smaller in size . The main deity in this temple is glorified  as ‘Kaazhicheerama Vinnagaram‘, and ‘Thavitu Paane Thadalan‘, the King of World.

sirkazhi lord

The Thirivikarama Perumal Temple  is located near  Seerkazhi of Tanjore district in Tamil Nadu. It’s about half mile away from the Seerkazhi Railway station.  . Lord Thiru Vikrama is otherwise called “Thadalan”. As Lord scaled the world with his foot He is called “Thadalanperumal”.

              Andal  in her verses praise  the glory  of LORD THIRUVIKRAMANARAYANA calling  him ‘THAADALAN’.


As LORD scaled the world and sky with his FOOT so he is called ‘THAADALA PERUMAL’.THAAL in tamil   means‘THIRUVADEE’ (foot) and AALAN means MEASURING or SCALING.

Thirumangai Azhwar  glorifies the LORD here with the below pasuram :

Oru kuralai irunilam moovadi mannvendi

Oolagamanathium Eeradiyal odukki onrum

Tharaga ena maavaliya sirayil vaitha

Thaadalan thaalanaiveer thakka keerthi

Arumaraiyin thiral naagum velvi ayinthum

Angamgal avaiyarum esaigal yezhum

Theruvil malivizha valamum sirukkum kazhi

Srirama vinnagare sermin neere

 The next Divya desam  is Thirukovilur located 75 kms from Cuddalore,  36km  from Villupuram, 36 km  from Thiruvannamalai, and 40 from Kallakurichi .  



 This holy place is   celebrated as one of the  108 Divyadesam  and  more  significant in the Nadunadu region.  Lord in Thirukovilur  adorns  shankhu and chakaram as abharanam  whereas  in Thiru uragam of kanchipuram  he is unarmed and  raises  his left and right lies up in order to scale the whole world by his foot,  a majestic darisanam . But at Seerkazhi, Lord Narayana gives darshan  as Thirivikrama with all his five weapons with his left hand extending upto the left foot, which is folded upwards.


The Thirukovalur darsanam of the Lord measuring the nether worlds with HIS second foot is majestic  .   This place is very important  because this is


(1)  one of the Pancha Krishna kshetrams   with the temple  tower is 192 feet tall  , third biggest in Tamilnadu.

(2) the place where Poigai Azhwar from Kanchi, Bhoodath Azhwar from Mahabalipuram and Pey azhwar from Mylapore met for the first time  on a rainy night.  Perumal appeared to them and was glorified by each of these azhwars in 100 stanzas.  This is the place where Naalayira Divya Prabhandham began.  


(3) Another interesting feature is Thiurmangai Azhwar has glorified Vishnu Durga, a demigoddess here. Sukra, the teacher of the demon king has a temple here.

(4) Lord  gives darsanam as Trivikraman. with  HIS right thiruvadi  raised , Lord  is seen measuring heaven.  On the right side top, Brahma from heaven is seen  offering water to Lord’s  thiruvadi  which turned to be the sacred Ganges.  Here, near the left Thiruvadi of Lord , Bali’s son is seen doing puja.


As this is the place where Mudal Azhwars met, we can have darsanam of Mudal Azhwars on the left side of Perumal and Mruganda rishi in whose hamlet  Lord  appeared to the Mudal Azhwars is seen on the right side.  The Moolavar is seen in Pachai varnam.  (Like in Tirukurungudi, they have now adorned   Moolavar’s thirumeni with different colours using herbs. )


Finally, the darsanam of the Lord placing the third foot on Mahabali’s head can be had at Kanchipuram in Ulagalandha Perumal temple. Ulagalandha Perumal (Trivikraman) is about 35 feet high with HIS left  foot raised and right foot  on Bali’s head.Lord’s   2 fingers on HIS left hand pointed upwards symbolising measuring of the entire Universe with HIS  two feet and  pointing out one finger of HIS right hand downwards towards Bali as to where HE has to place HIS third foot.    Ulagalantha Perumal Temple is glorified in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the Vaishnava canon, with hymns sung by the  great saint Thirumazhisai Azhwar


The Lord’s form is so captivating that it remains fresh in the minds of devotees. The beautiful floral design on Perumal’s vastram can be clearly seen on Perumal’s thirumeni.   Perumal is under Srikara vimanam, the Pushkarini is known as Vamana Pushkarini, thirumanjanam is performed in Ekantham, the priest lights a lamp attached to a stick to enable us to have HIS  gigantic darshan.


As Bali Chakravarthy who was under the Lord’s feet (as nammazhwar says “adikeezh pugundu….. in 6-10) wanted to have darshan of Perumal, the Lord appeared in a very small form of adisesha and fulfilled his wish.  This form of the LOrd is known as Ooragathan and is one of the divya desams.  


The priest clad in wet clothes  with complete fasting  performs abhishekam to the Lord and offer milk payasam to this Lord here on Fridays and Sundays.

Pictures credits : Google images

Video credits : HG Balagovindadasa for Brahmakadigina padamu

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan


5 thoughts on “.THE SUPREME LORD WHO MEASURED THE WORLDS……… Brahma kadigina padhamu …

  1. Reblogged this on kazhiyur varadan's web blog and commented:

    This Viswaroopam of Lord is glorified as Trivikraman . One can have darshan of this Divya Roopam at 3 Srivaishnava divya desams in Tamil nadu- namely,

    Kaazhiseerama vinnagaram(Sirkazhi ).,
    2) Ulagalandha Perumal kovil at Thirukovalur and

    3) Ulagalandha Perumal kovil at Kanchipuram.

    As per elders version, in Sirkazhi, Lord Trivikraman measured the first step. Vamana murthi grew in size and taking the Viswaroopam measured the world with HIS left foot here which is on the air.

  2. Swamin: Thanks for the info. I am sure you must be aware- Thiruneermalai is another divya desam with a trivikrama sannadhi (nadanthan) considered equivalent to visiting Tirukovilur- mangalasasanm by Mangai mannan and Boothathazhwar.

  3. Hari Om! Tempted to visit Tirukovalur where Diva Prabandham originated! Too Inspiring videos! What a Great soul inspiring Service you render, Varadan!
    Adiyen Ramanuja dasan – Jai Sriman Narayana!

  4. Thank you sir for sharing the Thirukoilur Ulagandha Perumal’s story. the Video Brahmakadigina padamu with English Subtitle was very good.

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