Swamy Koorathazhwan, foremost disciple of Swamy Ramanuja who was the embodiment of true compassion and humility….


May Koorathazhwan who pardoned his enemy and prayed for him , teach us how to love.

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Shrivathsa chinha mishrebhyo nama uktheem adheemahe!

Yadhukthasyas thrayee kante yaanthi manggala soothrathaam!!

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Salutations to  the great mahaan Srivathsa Chinha Misra (Swamy Koorathazhwan) whose Sri Sookthis became the thirumangaalyam  ( mangalasoothram ) of Veda Maatha.

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Swamy  Koorathazhwan appeared during the year 1010 AD at the  Kooram village about 16 kms from Kanchipuram, the temple town of Tamilnadu (Sowmya varusham  on Thai –Hastham star during  Jan-Feb as per English calendar ) to Sri Ananthan and Perundevi . Swamy is considered to be the amsam of “Srivatsam” which adorns  Lord’s chest.  As this mark is very close to where Thayar resides, he invariably inculcated Thayar’s  abundant compassion.

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Swamy  Koorathazhwan is  glorified as the “pavithram” of Swamy Ramanujar  thus proving his closeness to Swamy Ramanujar.

  Swamy Ramanujar felt incomplete without Mudaliandan Swamy and Koorath azwan. MudaliAndaan  is considered as “Yathiraja Padhuka and Dhandam( tridandam which a sanyasi hold in his hand) .

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……….” AZHWAR’S DIVYAPRABHANDAM FESTIVAL” ………… …..Thiru Adhyayana Utsavam ….


During the 21 days around Vaikunta Ekadasi, prabhandham is recited in temples only. During this time, srivaishnavas at home glorify acharyars works like Naalayira Thanians, Desikar prabhandam , upadesarathinamalai , thiruvamozhi nootrandadi, Aarthi prabhandham etc.

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Thiru Adhyayana Utsavam is  an enlightening  festival  for all  vaishnavas   and is  an assembly of devotees   reciting of Vedic Verses.

 This  divine incident is celebrated as the  Thiru Adhyayana Utsavam in all the  Sri Vaishnava temples  starting on Margazhi Amavasai  ( Dec-Jan ) with the Divya Prabhandam pasurams of  Thirunedunthandakam (10 days before Vaikunta Ekadashi).

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The 4000 Divya Prabandham  are the out pouring of the Azhwars who appeared in various divyadesams   few  thousand  year ago as per the divine commands of Lord Sriman Narayana  and composed the divine pasurams which all srivaishnavas make it a law  to recite .

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The  Divya Prabhandham has 4000 divine verses (Pasurams) and is  the Dravida Vedam   popularly glorified  as “Nalaayiram Divya Prabhandam “  in Tamil. It is also  glorified as  Dravida Tamil Veda.

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 Once at Srirangam the capital of Srivaishnavas , the last of twelve    Azhwars ,  Thirumangai Azhwar sang one…

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Narayana ..Narayana ..Narayana …. “Narayaneeyam Day”


Lord continued “Language is no barrier to Bhakti”. Bhattadri went to Poonthanam’s house and apologized for the offense

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Chinni  Krishna is  worshipped  at  Guruvayur temple in  Kerala  for ages.

HE  is the same    LORD  whom  Vasudeva worshipped as per  the puranas  at  Mathura. The holy town of Mathura has the presence of Lord Sri Hari always.

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Chinni Krishna who  graces us  in Guruvayur was originally   at Adikeshava temple before arriving to Guruvayur.

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It is verily the  Aradhanai performed to  Chinni  Krishna that Lord  appeared  to Vasudeva and Devaki. In other words, the Guruvayur  Chinni Krishna bestowed us with Lord Sri Krishna ,  Srimad Bhagavatam and Narayaneeyam . 

 Vasudeva continued  worshipping  this LORD  in Adikeshava temple along with chinni krishna .   It was during Jarasandha adventure , the denizens of Mathura along with  Lord Krishna vacated Mathura and settled in Dwaraka .

 g10Vasudeva couldn’t part with  Lord Adikeshava  .  Hence he took the Lordships  along with him  to Dwaraka and established a temple for his worship…

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UlagAriyan ( The teacher of the universe).


November 4th …Appearance day of our Loka Acharyar

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        Manarppakkathu Nambi   was an ardent devotee of  Lord Devaraja Perumal  of  Kancheepuram.  Nambi  was  residing  near the temple   and was   performing several  divine services daily  .  

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For his unstinted devotion and service ,  Lord of Kanchi   Devaraja Perumal out of abundant mercy  taught him  few  esoteric truths  in his dream and  commanded Nambi,

  My child  !!

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“Now that you have absorbed esoteric subjects from   me,  please  go to the  holy land between two rivers and await for the rest ……  

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  (iraNdAtthukku naDuvilE centru kEtkkalAm)” 

 you  shall get the rest from there       .    

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  Manarpakkam Nambi  was overjoyed with Lord’s  abundant  grace .

He  faithfully  moved to   Srirangam and with the locals support built a small temple  for  Lord Varadarajar . As done earlier he  quietly lived there worshiping  the LORD    reflecting on the esoteric  meanings revealed by  Lord .

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One day ,  Swamy…

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Swamin !! “in this place, one can lie down, two can sit, and three can stand …. please come in”. Now Lord pleased with the divine outcome decided to be among HIS favourite devotees …


  “Azhwar” are  saintly souls who had  immersed  themselves in the exclusive devotion  to  Lord  Sriman Narayana  in  unconditional surrender.  The advanced  saints,  were the supreme devotees of Lord  propagating  Sri Vaishnavism among the masses through their poetical compositions glorified as  Divya Prabhandams   highlighting the beautiful effulgent form, auspicious attributes and divine deeds of the Supreme Lord in His various incarnations based on their personal mystic experiences.  They lived as  human beings and burst out bhakti laden great works for the  sake of humanity.  The direct result of the Lord’s divine grace  on Azhwars  made their outpourings  special and therefore  called ‘ Divyam’. It is  because of this that the works of Azhwars  are  called ‘ Divya Prabandham’  and are 4000  poems (pAsurams). 

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The Divya Prabhandams of the Azhwars are, therefore, held in as great veneration and reverence as the Vedas in Sanskrit. All the Azhwars held the view that Lord  Sriman Narayana is the Supreme Personality of Godhead  and  one’s  only  goal of life  was to attain Him. And, the path that each one of these Azhwars advocated was  chanting the Divine Name of the Lord!  which  is  the easiest path to  attain the lotus feet of  Lord. 

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     Of the twelve Azhwars , the first three — Poigai Azhwar, Bhoodhatazhwar and Pey Azhwar were believed to be of mystic birth dating back to  Dwaapara era. The fourth, Thirumazhisai Azhwar was said to have been brought up by a  couple who had the good luck to have his darshan in a  forest  . Kulashekara Azhwar was a Chera king. Periazhwar, Thondaradippodi Azhwar  and Madhurakavi Azhwar  were born into brahmin families. Nammazhwar was born in a farmer’s home and Thiruppannazhwar belonged to the Pana community. The only female  among them was Godha (Andal)   glorified  for  “Thiruppaavai  pasurams ”  even to a common man and  celebrated  as an incarnation of Mother Earth (Bhoodevi).  Thirumangai Azhwar, the youngest of the Azhwars was a chieftain of a Chola king.

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The first three AzhvArs – Poigai AzvhAr,

Bhudhath AzvhAr and

Pey Azhvar  were  “ayOnijAs” –

“ones who were not born from a womb”.

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They appeared on water-flowers  at  three different water sources.

Poigai AzhvAr manifested on a lotus flower at Kancheepuram  Lord  YatthOkthakAri perumaL temple tank  on  the  ” sravanam” star during the month of “aippasi”  (November ) .

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The second Azhwar was Bhudhath AzhvAr who appeared on a nIlOthphala (kurukkaththi flower in tamil ) near  the seaside at thiru-k-kadal-mallai (present day Mahabalipuram)  on the day subsequent to Poigai  Azhvar (month of Aippasi, Avittam star ). 

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The third Azhwar “Pey Azhvar”  appeared on a sengazhuneer flower in a well in thiru-mayilai (present day Mylapore,  the temple of Lord  Adikesava perumal  on the day after Bhudath Azhvar appeared (aippasi month, sathayam star).

All the three Azhwars were blessed by the Lord with supreme knowledge, and as a result, they lived a life focused on divinity, worshiping the Supreme Lord at different temples, and living a  life of ascetics.  

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To them the entire cosmos , all sentient  and the insentient entities in it were alive and vibrating  with the underlying divinity of Lord represented  by HIS body and HE being the inner controller of  the soul .

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Azhwars point out very clearly in their outpourings the most important attribute of Lord is  HIS immense compassion represented by HIS divine consort Sri: the divine mother forever residing in HIS heart and most easily accessible and who helps in the ultimate redemption of the embodied souls .

  Since the appearance of such great souls is invariably tied to a reason of divine intent,

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the three Azhvars had to meet to fulfill the purpose of their appearance, to wit, give the world the esoteric truths  in a manner accessible to  common man  .

The stage was set at Thirukovilur and the divine plan was already about to reveal.  Lord Sriman Narayana achieved  this by making the Azhvars meet and become the harbingers in the effort towards the composition of the holy  Dravida Vedas.

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Thus   Lord  arranged a divine plan and  made each of them go to the town  Thirukovilur  which   is  located 75 kms from Cuddalore and about 200 kms from Chennai.

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                        The rain clouds had overcast the sky and cover of darkness spread all around in the holy town of Thirukovalur . The torrential rain began  pouring  generously .  It was as if the sky will tear open to give its opulence .

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Proceeding  the temple streets ,  Poigai Azhwar  found out a small  front  passage ( dehali or rayzhi , thinnai  in tamil )   in front of Mrikanda  Ashrams hut  ( the present Thirukovalur  temple sanctum sanctorum )  which was fit for one person to lie down. 

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Thanking Lord for his mercy ,

Poigai Azhwar   moved in and  occupied the space to lie down . 

Meanwhile , Bhoodath Azhwar  coincidentally arrived there looking for a shelter.

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Poigai Azhvar welcomed him and said , Holy Sire ! Please come !!  

“we have enough space for one to be supine, two to sit ,…  please  come in”.

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Both the Azhwars were now seated , and were indulging in bhagavad guna anubhavam (recounting the innumerable auspicious qualities of the Lord) .  

Meanwhile  pEy Azhvar  also came at the same time to the same Ashrama.

The two Azhvars already present in that little room said…..

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Swamin !!

“in this place, one can lie down, two can sit, and three can stand …. please come in”.

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PEy AzvhAr joined them, and the three Azhvars continued their joy filled discussion of the Lord’s auspicious qualities and  divyaanubhutee which was one of the most auspicious moment to be remembered in the history of Thirukovalur. 

Lord pleased with the divine outcome now decided to be amongst HIS favourite devotees .

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The darkness became denser and inside the small room they were not able to see each other.

In the  thunders and  lightning that flashed across, the trio could see a  fourth person  exquisitely charming  entering the room  and they felt as if  they were overpowered with a sublime, divine feeling.

The trio could immediately realize that the fourth person was none other than Lord  Sriman Narayana Himself huddling among them.  Poigai Azhwar , wishing to witness the charming divine effulgence of the Supreme Lord  again and again, instantly   lit a spiritual lamp to the Lord of the lords and the outpourings  ….

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vaiyam thagaliyA, vArkadlE neyyAga
veyyakkadirOn viLakkAga
sudarAzhiyAn adikkE soottinEn son mAlai
Idar neenghugavE enRu…

which means “using the earth as the physical lamp structure, the sea of ether as the ghee for the flame, and the lit flame being verily the Sun himself!.”

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 thus   the first Azhwar composed hundred  verses glorifying the Lordships …. now glorified as “Mudhal thiruvandhAdhi (first poem of the type andhAdi, meaning the last word becomes the progenitor of the thought for the following verse) which is among the Naalayiram Divya Prabhandam …………….

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 Bhudaththu Azhvar, in turn offered a lamp using his yogic powers too, yet  in a little different  fashion

 – “anbE thagaliyA, ArvamE neyyAga 
inburugu sindhai idu thiriyA
naNpurugi GnAna chudar viLakku EtrinEn
Gnana thamizh purindha nAn 

using his immense love for the Lord as the lamp structure, and his longing for union with the Lord as the energy engendering the flame. He composed a  beautiful set of 100 divine  verses known as “iraNdaam thiruvandhAdhi” (second poem of the type andhAdhi)….

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The two sacred  lamps of spiritual love, lit by Poigai Azhvar and Bhudhath Azhvar, allowed  all the three Azvhars to  experience the Lord in  opulence  proximity. That ambrosia  filled experience inspired the third , Pey  AzhvAr to  glorify the Supreme Lord instantaneously …

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“thiru-k-kaNdEn, pon mEni kaNdEn .

thigazhum aruKKan aNi niramum kaNdEn..

seRukkiLarum ponnAzhi kaNdEn

purisangam kai-k-kaNdEn……..

en Azhi vaNNan pAl inRu”


meaning,

“I had the darshan  the divine consort of the Lord – Maha Lakshmi I  had the darshan of  the divine body of the Lord ,  

the beautiful complexion of the Lord and the auspicious discus (chakra) verily the remover of obstacles that prevent us reaching the Lord, and the beautiful  white, divine conch in the hands of the Lord”.

This becomes  the first verse of ” Munraam  Thiruvandhadhi (third poem of the type andhadi), which is a set of 100 verses too  counted among the Naalayiram Divya Prabhandam .

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This uplifting divine experience bound them into a state of togetherness.

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They traveled across various parts of  India spreading the  divine message of the Lord for attaining HIS abode and  remaining in that bliss  through there divine pasurams   (The  three thiruvandhadhis).

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The one hundredth verse in turn hooks up to the first verse forming a lovely garland of verses maintaining the eternal thread of continuity .

To all the Azhwars LORD was a living presence experienced in the totality of HIS being and manifestation in HIS myriad creation . 

HE lived in them and they lived in HIM  ..

November “4”  2019 is the appearance day of “Poigai Azhwar”  followed by “Bhudhath AzhvhAr” on 05-11-19 and   “Pey Azhvar”  on 06-11-19…

All glories to Azhwars

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Video Credits : Sri Sunder rajan Parthasarathy

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

Sri Goverdhana Puja and Annakoot Utsavam in Vrindavan


Deepavali has special significance for all hindus in common .

On the fourth day of the five day Diwali festival Sri Goverdhana Puja and Annakoot Utsavam is celebrated in Vrindavan  amidst chanting of “Giriraj Dharan ki Jai”

(Glory to the lord who lifted Goverdhan on his  little  finger) reverberates .

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 There is very interesting pastime of Shri Giri govardhan raj connected with  bhaktha hanumanjee.  When Lord Rama along with the vanaras were  building the bridge to Lanka in the Ram lila,..

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Hanuman  made an attempt to pick up Govardhan to use him in the noble service .  Govardhan was so happy to be engaged in the service of the Lord but just as he was about to lift him, a voice from the sky said “the bridge is finished”.

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Therefore Hanuman did not  use the service of Sri Giri rAJ Govardhan.

 Giri Govardhan was sad.  

When Lord Ram was returning from Lanka with  Mother Sita he stopped here and spoke to GiriRaj Govardhan saying  …My dera child ..

“do not worry, the next time I appear, ……

I will personally pick you up and personally engage you that happened in the Krishna avatar.

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As per Srimad Bhagwatam Lord was lifting the huge Sri Goverdhan Parvat for seven days  continuously prior to Diwali,  and rested him back  on earth & asked the citizens to worship the  holy mountain Sri Sri GiriRaj …

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Lord Krishna , then appeared in two forms.

One as Sri Goverdhan hillock itself, i.e., deity to be worshiped and second as resident to offer food to  GIRIRAJ .

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Thus on this day, the devotees offer their gratitude to Lord Krishna for his blessings in making their lives complete. 

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This holy hill Goverdhanagiri , more popularly addressed as “GIRIRAJ GOVERDHAN” is located in the middle of the town Goverdhan which is 24 kms from Vrindavan and approximately 26 kms west of Mathura.

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The routes to Vrindavan and Goverdhan from Mathura are different . Many buses and share autos ply to Goverdhanagiri from Mathura and Vrindavan round the clock.

Radha Kund, Shyam Kund and Manasi Ganga are in the precints of the hill.

This  HOLY DHAAM  is considered as the most sacred place in  Vrindavan.

DESCRIPTION OF THE HOLY GOVERDHAN

Goverdhana hill is formed in the shape of a peacock.

Radha Kund and Shyam Kund are the eyes.

Dan Ghati is its long neck.

Mukharavinda is the mouth and punchari is its back and tail feathers.

As the hill is very sacred , pilgrims are prohibited from climbing  the hill. There is a fencing all around the Goverdhana hill .

Goverdhana giri is the most blessed devotee as it had  Lord Sri Krishna sambandham everyday during Krishnaavataaram which even Himalayas did not have.

Lord Krishna Himself chose Goverdhana giri for HIS various pastimes.

Of all the devotees , Goverdhana Hill is the best because it supplies Krishna and Balarama with all types of necessities.

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In Srimad Bhagavatham, Lord mentions that HE and Goverdhanagiri are identical.

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As per the scriptures, Krishna used to go to Goverdhanagiri from Vrindavan for gazing cows and would visit the nearby forests with HIS friends.

 Lord Krishna at such an young age ,  used to walk 50 kms to and fro everyday from Vrindavan to Goverdhan without footwear .

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This makes us  recollect Periazhwar’s pasurams in Yasodha bhaavam

“Naalai thottu kandrin pin pogale kolam seiyudhu enge iru….” .,

Peria azhwar’s feelings when he expresses mother’s anguish to see her child returning from forest without slippers and umbrella.) .

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It was customary for the gopas headed by Nanda Maharaja to perform yaagam to please Indra, the king of devas and give their offerings as they felt that Indra was responsible for rains. Krishna ,who was just 7 years old convinced elders that Indra was only doing duties assigned to him and there was no necessity to worship demigods.

The Lord added that Goverdhanagiri was providing with their daily requirements including enough grass to the cows which in turn yielded good milk resulting in their prosperity. The Supreme suggested that instead of Indra, Brahmins, cows and Goverdhanagiri have to be worshipped to which the elders agreed.

On the day of pooja, all the gopas and gopikas performed GOW-pooja (pooja for cows), offered dakshinai to Brahmins, circumbulated the hill and offered huge quantities of various food items to the hill.

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On  Lord Krishna’s order, everyone closed their eyes while food was being offered. Lord Krishna assumed a great transcendental form like that of the mountain, declaring that HE was Goverdhana Hill and accepted all their offerings while little Krishna stood with his relatives and offered prayers to the mountain which was HIMSELF .

HE announced that Goverdhana Hill is non-different from HIM. Later when the gopas were asked to open their eyes, they were surprised to see the palates empty and were convinced by Krishna that the mountain had accepted their offerings.

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The gopas returned happily. The identity of Sri Krishna with Goverdhana Hill is still honoured and devotees take goverdhana shila (-small  impressions  from Goverdhana Hill and place it in the altar and worship. (In order to preserve the hill, devotees are now restrained from taking them) .

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As  Lord Krishna Himself did parikrama to the hill and as He mentioned that both are identical, devotees in huge numbers perform parikrama ( pradikshana ) to this sacred hill with sincerity and devotion even today .

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To commemorate the above incident, Krishna’s great grandson Vajranabha constructed a temple for the Lord. .

The residents of Vrindavan, Goverdhan and the devotees of the Lord do parikrama around Goverdhana hill and offer huge quantities of 56 varieties food preparations (chappan bhog) .

All the devotees are sumptuously fed with the mahaprasad offered to the Lord and Giriaj. ) As the Lord protected the cows and the people in Goverdhan, He got the name “GOVINDA” .

Jai Jai Girigovardhan ki ………………..Jai .Jai

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan
Photos : Courtesy ..Google

As per Lord’s divine command ..Adishesha who appeared as Swamy Ramanuja once again appeared as Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Nayanar…..


Lord Sriman Narayana  incarnated in  different  avatharas in this world, for spreading the message of the liberation for the jeevatma  from this material bondage .

Anathya swaroopam
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Unsatisfied ,  LORD summoned His serpent couch, the nitya-soori (eternally free soul) .

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 Adisesha, and instructed,

My dear Adishesha !  

“Go down to the mortal world and live there for 200 years, and through your exhortations, empower the people with knowledge about their true nature and make them come to..

My world, so that they enjoy “eternal bliss” forever …….

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Accordingly,  Adishesha appeared as “Swamy Ramanuja” in the age of Kali, where Adharma  was in the forefront due to the karmic vasanas .

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Swamy Ramanuja followed LORD;s directives by spreading the divine message of  Azhwars  and the true knowledge to seek Lord’s mercy  and disappeared at the age of 120.

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 The Lord was not satisfied  with the developments and felt the mission was incomplete Hence he once again advised  Swamy  Ramanuja  to complete the original assignment of remaining in this material world for complete  200 years and uplift the jivatmaas .

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With implicit obedience, Adishesha  who appeared as Swamy Ramanuja once again appeared as Azhagiya Manavala Perumal Nayanar at Sikkil Kidaaram . 

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In his early years he  was  trained by  his  father Tigazhaakkidanthan  on Vedas and the Divya Prabhandam .

He  moved from Sikkil Kidaaram to Azhvar Thirunagari to become the disciple of the revered  Acharyar  Thiruvaimozhipillai who was the disciple of Loka Acharyar Swamy Pillai Lokacharyar .

Thus our Saint Vara Vara Muni was the last of the poorvacharyas  amongst  the  grand galaxy of  preceptors of Srivaishnavam.

Check the appended blog post for more details

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2017/09/23/thiruvaaimozhi-pillai-vaibhavam-parama-guru-of-lord-ranganathar-swamy-manavala-mamuni-attributing-everything-to-the-lotus-feet-of-his-legendary-acharyar/

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It is believed , AdisEsha, in his previous incarnation as Swamy Ramanuja, was very much attracted to Nammazhvars’ s appearance and his divine outpouring (thiruvAimozhi), and hence, earned the appellation “mAran adipaNindhu Uynthavan”.

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In keeping with this overwhelming love for Swamy  Nammazhvar, the second time AdisEsha selected Azhvar Thirunagari as the place most suited for his  appearance  and thus Swamy  appeared   in the month of Aipassi  under the  star Moola  which falls on November 1st 2019 ,  and was named “Azhakiya maNavALapperumAL nAyanAr by his parents  .

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This was an year after Swami Desikar ascended to Srivaikuntam 

  Swami Azhakiya maNavALapperumAL nAyanAr   excelled as the disciple of Swamy Tiruvaimozhi pillai . 

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One day  Swamy Tiruvaimozhi pillai  while meditating on the great qualities  of saint Ramanuja, pondered over those stanzas of Thiruvarangath-amudanar………….
depicting Swamy  Ramanuja as a staunch devotee of Saint  Nammazhvar  proclaiming to the inhabitants of this wide world, end to  end, the great glory of the Azhvar’s hymns.

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Swamy Tiruvaimozhi pillai ( Srisailesar)  decided  for  raising a fitting memorial  for Swamy Ramanuja, right at  the  appearance  place  of Swamy  Nammazhvar (Azhvar Thirunagari).  This took concrete shape soon thereafter.

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Tiruvaimozhi pillai  with the support of the villagers after clearing the wild vegetation at Azhvar-thirunagari  took all initiatives in bringing back the sacred deity which was lost during invasions . 

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Swamy  thus  had  erected a temple at Azhvar-thirunagari for Swami Ramanuja and installed Sri Ramanuja’s deity ( Swamy Ramanuja’s Bhavishyad Acharaya vigraha ) which had been presented to Sri Madhurakavi Azhvar that  lay buried at the foot of the famous Tamarind tree few hundred years back .

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The surrounding streets were  named  as Sri Ramanuja Chaturvedi Mangalam   and  were permanently inhabited, exclusively  by the ardent worshippers of  Swamy Ramanuja.

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The zealous disciple, Azhakiya Manavala Nayanar, was called upon by Srisailesar  to stay in this new colony and look after the daily routine of the temple.

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  Nayanar s extra-ordinary devotion to this great cause earned the unstinting  approbation of  his Acharyar 

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Srisailesar, who started calling him a  Yateendra Pravanar  signifying the enormous love and devotion borne by him for Swamy  Ramanuja, the  Prince of ascetics  a name which became immortal .

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Over a period of time , Swamy Tiruvaimozhi pillai  ordered his ardent disciple Azhakiya maNavALapperumAL nAyanAr who had learnt all sastras , to  propagate the divya prabandham ( azhvar’s 4000 hymns and their commentaries) to the world.

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   He wished that living in Sri Rangam and propagating the true tenets of the Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya as given in the hoary aruLiccheyal (divya prabandham) was the need of the hour. Hence advised him to proceed .

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The devoted disciple that he was, Azhakiya maNavALapperumAL nAyanAr   did act according to the commandments of his  Acharyar    Thus Azhakiya maNavALapperumAL nAyanAr  spent  his time in  giving divine discourses at Srirangam  .

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Once during this period , few relatives passed a message about  some asowcham            ( impurity ) which was  coming in the way of service to the Lordships .

Not being able to be kept out of  service  even for few days,  Nayanar decided to take up sanyasam and requested  LORD’S  permission. 

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After accepting sanyasa, Nayanar  offered benedictions   to namperumal for uninterrupted services forever . Pleased with nAyanar, NamperumAl blessed him with theertham, thirumAlai,   thiruparivattam, and Sri sadagopam and  gave him a  honorable name 

                                     AZHAGIYA    MANAVALA   JEEYER.

Thus the bonding between LORD and his disciple became  closer and closer .

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Lord Ranganathar ( Peria Perumal ) had a desire to be accomplished through Azhagiya Manavala Jeeyer  in Srirangam.

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He seized the golden opportunity  and  ordered him to give a public discourse on the Eedu (36000 padi), the super-commentary of Swami Nampillai on Thiruvaimozhi along with other commentaries, in  alluring style for having the good fortune of being trained by the esteemed  Acharyar  Thiruvaimozhip pillai .( Srisailer )

 

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 In order to accommodate unhindered conduct for the  divine  discourses all festivities of the temple  was kept in abeyance . History  reveals   that for a whole year,  Namperumal had enjoined cessation of all festivals  which proves the  dedication of the disciple and the Acharyar .

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On the final day of the discourse , and  uplifting event occurred ,  which was interestingly, by the “Ani thiru-moola”  star. 

And hence the  Sri Vaishnava-world attaches equal importance to this Ani moola star  auspicious day also, in a manner akin to the day of  Acharyar’s  “Aippasi Thirumoola” appearance  day.

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 Lord appeared amidst the august assembly of Acharyar  and  galaxy of sri vaishnavas, in the guise of an archakar’s (priest) son by the name Aranga Naayakam and brushing aside the opposition getting  into proximate presence to Swami mAmunikaL’s seat

recited the following stanza in

His inimitable, majestic voice resembling the thunder of a rumbling cloud……………

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“SriSailEsha dayA pAthram dheeibhakthyAdi guNarnavam
Yetheendra pravaNam vandE ramyajA mAtharam munim”

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  LORD in the guise of an archakar’s (priest) a small boy   ( kept a palm leaf containing the above sloka on a golden plate full of flowers, fruits, coconuts and other sacred paraphernalia   of guru dakshiNa (token of appreciation) and after offering it at the holy feet of Swami mAmunikaL, walked towards the sanctum  & disappeared.

To add to this magnificent miracle, Periya Perumal, the Lord Ranganatha Himself, immediately ordered through the archaka……….

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let this slOka be recited at the beginning of all divya prabhanda recitations  just as a Vedic recital begins and ends with the sacred

‘Om’

so also all recitals of the tamil veda, the divya prabhandam, shall commence and end with

srI SailESa dayA pAtram’.

adiyArgaL vAzha arangka nagar vAzha
sadakOpan thaNdamizh nUl vAzha * –

kadal sUzhndha mannulagam vAzha *

maNavALa mAmuniyE * innum oru nURRANdirum *

These holy verses extols Swamys contributions to continued existence and prosperity of Sri Vaishnavaism, the followers, their holy temples, scriptures, traditions, and the well being of the whole world, and concludes with the prayer, that the great  saint  Swamy Manavalamaamuni live for another hundred years for fulfilling  that purpose.

Swami mAmunikaL’s life was punctuated by many events that demonstrated that he was no ordinary person. In fact, authentic accounts of Sri Vaishnava literature and lineage, position Swami maNavALa mAmunikaL at the very pinnacle of the orthodox lineage of Sri Vaishnava AchAryas (called `OrAn vazhi’) and  with the above divine incident , identify him as the Acharya (guru) for Lord RanganAtha himself!!

The apparent conflict between 100 years and perpetuity is resolved, when one understands the key link of devoted Sri Vaishnava devotees, their ongoing practice of the prayer and traditions as a “Vaazhaydi Vaazhai”, for the perpetuation of the faith.

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Thus the  100 and more number of years down the line there will be faithful chanting  of the divine  prayers  for the same for the  infinite future.

 Among several disciples  the foremost eight disciples  were very special . They are glorified as  as “Ashta Dhig Gajams”  or the mighty elephants guarding the eight directions of earth who are as below

(1) VaanamAmalai Jeeyar

(2) BhattarpirAn Jeeyar

(3) ThiruvEnkata RaamAnuja Jeeyar

(4) Koil aNNan

(5) PrathivAdhi Bhayankaram aNNan

(6) ErumpiappA

(7) aAppiLLai  and

(8) AppiLLAr .

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 Swamy Erumbiappa, one of the astadiggajas  glorified   100  verses  adorning the divine qualities of  Swamy Manavalamamuni  .

In  Srivaishnava  sampradayam,  Azhvar it indicates to only nammAzhvar, the term swamy refers only to  Swamy Ramanuja  and Jeeyer is a special term indicating Periya Jeeyer, our  Sri Vara Vara Muni.

The  verses  of  Swamy erumbiappa are called as Vara Vara Muni sathakam .

Swamy   prathivAdi bayankaram annan  had  also  glorified the divine qualities of  his Acharyar .

 Swamy Maamuni had the highest regard for Swami Desikan and used to refer him  with great affection as ” ABHIYUKTHAR ” OR THE REVERED ONE  likewise Swami Desikar  had the highest regard for the Achaarya of  Swamy Maamuni’s own Achaarya, Swamy  Pillai LokAcharyar.

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 Swamy has been glorified with several names  like  Varavaramuni,     Periya Jeer,   Vichatavak Shikhamani ,  Sowmyajamatrumuni,  ramyajamatra muni,   Sowmyopayanthrumuni, Sundarajamatrumuni, , YatheendraPravanar .

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Upadesa Ratinamala” is  a  wonderful work composed by   Swamy Mamunigal which  has 73 verses that  gives  the details of Azhwars  and  Acharyas appearance  & their  divine works.

Swamy  Erumbiappa composed the 74 th  verse and pleaded  Lord Ranganathar requesting  LORD  to accept them and hence as a result of Lord’s command, the following verse  was included in Upadesa Ratinamala.

The verse goes like

“mannuyir_kAL ingE maNavALa mAmunivan *  

senkamalappOthukaLai * –

unnis siraththAlE  theeNdil

 amAnavanum nammai *

karaththAlE  theeNdal kadan “

The   Meaning  of the above verse ………….

“Oh  my dear  devotees  who desire  for Moksha seeking Swamy  Mamunigal’s lotus Feet listen …. 

taking refugee   at  the Lotus  feet of Swamy  Mamunigal will definitely lead us to the  blessings of “Amanavan” who allows us at the  entrance into  Sri Vaikuntam” as we are Swamy Manavala mamuni’s disciples …

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Swami Manavala Mamunikal  is compared favorably with the kind of divinity exuded by Swami Ramanuja. After all, they were both the incarnation  of our Lord’s dear serpent servant Adi sEsha.

. Fortunate are the devotees who are at Srirangam and Azhwar Thirunagari celebrating  the grand  festival of Aani Thirumoolam

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

Swamy Manavala maamunigaley thiruadigaley  sharanam

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Pictures credits : Advanced devotees  serving Lord

videos : At Sri MudaliAndaans swamy Thirumaligai

 

“Marra Prabhuhu”… the Lord of trees …..


Narayanaa

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Lord Krishna  in Guruvayoor stands out and has enticed everyone the most.  The beautiful stature of Lord Guruvayoor attracts the devotees to come in large numbers  and imagine to  hug the Lord.

Guruvayoor is located in Trichur district in Southern India.

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Sri Narayana Bhattatri composed the beautiful Narayaneeyam, containing thousand slokas which is sung in most of the houses in India .

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Guru and Vayu  adorned  the  deity  of Lord  Krishna to Narayana Saras and  ParamaShivan  was residing in a temple. On seeing  Lord  Krishna, it is said that  Shiva moved out of the temple and shifted to a place called Mammiyoor.

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So  ParamaShiva gave his own place to Lord Krishna and that is verily where Guru and Vayu consecrated Krishna.

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The little Krishna stands there as “Guruvayurappa” even today. ParamaShiva’s temple in Mammiyoor is about a kilometer away from the Guruvayur temple. It is believed that  Shiva looks at…

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“Total surrender”…. ..” Pranaya Kalagam Uthsavam ( Panguni Uthiram vaibha


Kaveri Viraja Seyam Vaikuntam Rangamandiram,
Sri Vasudevo Rangesaha, Prathyaksham paramam patham
Vimanam Pranavakaram, Vedasrungam mahadbhutham
SriRangasayi bhagavan pranavaartha prakasakaha!

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The month of  ( March – April )   in tamil (Panguni )  is sacred  as it is the appearance month of –  Lord Ranganatha  on Panguni Revathi and Goddess  Sri Ranganayaki Thayar on Panguni Uthiram both occur during this month.

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 This is the only day on which the Divya  Dampatis of Srirangam are seen together in Utsavam.

The Utsavam  takes place at the royal court located at the western entrance of  the great Temple of Lord Ranganatha.

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Interestingly, this is the only  entrance which does not have a Rajagopuram.

Incredibly Swamy Ramanuja  chose this blessed day for reciting the wonderful hymns  the Gadya  Trayam- Saranagathi gadyam, Sriranga gadyam and Vaikunta gadyam, unambiguously outlining the doctrine of  Surrender .

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(SharaNagati-which is  atma Vivaham) wedding of the jivAtma to the paramAtma.

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On this day Panguni Uttaram , Swamy  Ramanuja gathered  all his  disciples and  approached  the great Temple of Lord Ranganatha.

Our Paramacharya was greatly moved by the majestic sight of the Divya Dampatis beautifully decorated in Utsavam at the Royal Court…

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When the Chariot came to grinding halt in front of the great devotee Swamy Perianambi’s house-entrance …


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Swami Alavandar is universally considered to be the Acharyar of Sri Ramanujacharya, though he had never spoken once to Swami Ramanuja till he lived.

Whatever he taught Ramanuja he did it only through his disciples. Alavandar’s disciples were priceless gems. Perianambi, Thirukoshtiyur Nambi, Thirumaalaiyaandan and Peria Thirumalai Nambi were the chief disciples.

.facebook_1516327193878.jpg1058052606.jpgOf these Perianambi personally taught swami Ramanuja and it was Thirukoshtiyur Nambi who made  swamy Ramanuja walk to his place 18 times to learn the meaning of LORD’S name.

.facebook_1515986932193.jpg-1672166460.jpgAlavandar had another disciple by name Maraneri Nambi. The other disciples were all high-caste Brahmans whereas  Maraneri Nambi belonged to a caste which was in the lowest rung of the social ladder during those  period.Alavandar did not discriminate between his disciples and he loved Maraneri Nambi more than the other disciples.

wp-1499876996609.Peria Nambi and Maraneri Nambi were of the same age. They became close friends. They would discuss their…

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Sundare sundaro ramah …… Sundare sundari katha………. Sundare sundari sita ………… Sundare sundaram vanam, Sundare sundaram kavyam…… .Sundare sundarah kapih ……… Sundare sundaram mantram…… .Sundare kim na sundaram……


Sundare sundaro ramah …… Sundare sundari katha……….

Sundare sundari sita ………… Sundare sundaram vanam,

Sundare sundaram kavyam…….Sundare sundarah kapih ………

Sundare sundaram mantram…….Sundare kim na sundaram…….

The fifth kaandam in Sriramayanam known as “SUNDARA KAANDAM” is the most popular kaanda.  Unlike names of other kandams which are self explanatory, this kandam is known as “Sundaram-beautiful” as everything ..

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-Hanumanji’s Rama bhakti, Sitadevi’s chastity, Srirama’s plight to rescue HER, their concern for each other, torments in samsaara  are so beautifully described by maharishi.  The characters of the trio makes even a stone melt.  That’s the reason even after so many lakhs of years, we read Sundarkandam with reverence.  Also, reciting Sundarakandam is considered equivalent to reading the entire Ramayana as Hanuman and Trijata narrate all the incidents-past,present and future in the august presence of Sitadevi.

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             After  coronation of  Sugreeva as the King of Vaanaras,  Lord Srirama and Lakshmana spent four months during monsoon   in Malyavan parvath in Prasvanagiri  in Hampi, Karnataka.

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  Lord  Srirama experienced unbearable pain due to separation from  our mother Sitadevi.  The Lord was worried about Sitadevi’s welfare and  used to lament uncontrollably. 

At the end of monsoon, Sugreeva deputed crores of vaanaras and bears in all directions in search of Sitadevi giving them one month’s  time to trace the whereabouts and inform for taking up next course of action. 

 Sugreeva explained geographical  particulars  about all the places  around  the world in detail .

The vanaras headed by  Prince Angadha and supported by senior  Jambavan and Hanuman were assigned the task of searching in the southern direction.  Lord Srirama handed over HIS finger ring to Hanumanji  who was standing in a corner.

Our poorvacharyars give reason as to why Srirama selected Hanuman to give his  finger ring .  It was the time  at Kishkinda  when Lord Rama was in search of Mother Sita .   Hanumanji  was in thoughts  to see Srirama lamenting for a lady.

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Hanumanji a brahmachari was wondering as to why a person of high stature like  Lord Srirama  tutored by rishis like Sage Vasishta, Vishwamitra was so emotional .

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Lord   Srirama  our antaryami   sensed Hanumanji’s  feelings .  To make Hanuman realise the greatness of    Sitadevi, Srirama selected Hanuman and handed over HIS finger ring with HIS holy name engraved on it. 

And it was also an indication that Paramatma  laments for all the  jivaatma in the same lines .

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It was because of the  holy ring that Hanuman could cross the ocean and meet  Mother Sitadevi and obtain HER blessings.  When Hanumanji saw Sitadevi’s steadfast devotion towards   Lord Srirama, he regretted for his thoughts initially   .

Having understood HER greatness , Hanuman visualised both of them together in his heart and offered prayers.

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IMAGE OF HANUMAN AT DIVURUMPOLA IN SRILANKA (SITA AGNI PRAVESHA STHAL )

                           Hanumanji introduced to  mother Sitadevi that he was “Rama dhoothan” whereas when he returned to Lord Rama as “Sitadevi’s messenger” to convey the good news about Sitadevi’s welfare, he addressed himself as “Raama daasan”. With Mother’s grace, our ego vanishes.  Our poorvacharyars comment that when Hanuman went as “rama dhootan”-, he was gifted with fire on the tail whereas when he returned as Sita dhootan, he was embraced by Lord Rama.  

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The vanaras who went in the southern direction explored all the places until they reached  SWayamprabha caves in Kadayanallur near Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu .  

Swayamprabha an  advanced Sathwi  was the guardian for the magical cave owned by Mayasuran.   Anyone who entered could not come out.  She hosted the vanaras  and later  transported the vanaras to the seashore( about 150 kms away from Kadayanallur) after knowing about their devotion to Lord Rama with her powers . 

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 Having reached the seashore, the vanaras were worried because the stipulated time of one month   fixed by their King Sugreeva  was over and they could not trace Sitadevi. They knew for sure that Sugreeva would not spare them and decided to end their lives as they did not have the courage to face Srirama  who was already suffering pangs of separation.

Angadha had lit a big pyre for them to sacrifice their lives.

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He started lamenting about Sitadevi’s abduction, Jatayu sacrificing his life in Ramaseva after fighting with Ravana , their search expedition and failure in the assignment.

Sampaati-the eagle bird summoned Angadha and introduced himself as Jatayu’s elder brother , shared how he lost his wings while protecting Jatayu from the scorching heat of sun in the process loosing his wings and became immobile.

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Sampaati was informed about Jatayu’s Raama kainkaryam and he too resolved to do the same.  He informed the vanaras about Sitadevi’s whereabouts with his sharp vision in the far away land, Lanka.  Having done this Raama kainkaryam, Sampaati regained his lost wings and flew away.

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SAMPAATI CONVERSING WITH ANGADHA AND OTHER VANARAS NEAR SEASHORE

Now that the whereabouts of Sitadevi were known, the vanaras started contemplating as to who would cross the ocean which was measuring 100 yojanas (1000 miles) to meet   mother Sitadevi. Each vanara  expressed their  ability to cross few yojanas .  Angadha said that he could cross 100 yojanas but would not have the energy to return. The aged Jambavaan who knew Hanuman’s capabilities approached Hanuman and started enumerating his strength and skills.  When Hanuman was a child, he mistook Sun to be an apple and leapt in the sky to hold it.

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      He was hit by Indra with vajrayudham on his chin(hanu) and hence was called Hanuman.  Vayu, hanuman’s father stopped air which made the whole world breathless.  To appease his anger, brahma and other devas bestowed many boons on Hanuman. 

Brahma cursed him to forget his  prowess but would get back his strength when someone reminded him at an apporpriate time.  Jambavan reminded him of his capabilities and requested Hanuman to undertake Rama kainkaryam.  (Sage Agastya extolled Hanuman’s greatness  to Srirama in Uttara kaandam)

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MAHENDRAGIRI MOUNTAIN IN THIRUKURUNGUDI AT TAMILNADU

He confidently proclaimed that he would finish the yeomen task of locating  mother Sitadevi saying that like  Sri Rama’s arrow which never failed to hit its target, he would accomplish the task.

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All the vanaras vowed to observe fast until Sitadevi was found.  Reposing confidence to the vaanaras,  Hanuman stood on Mahendragiri parvatham in Thirukurungudi beyond Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu and after offering prayers to Suryan, Indran, Vayu,  Sri Rama , He increased in size and leapt on the sky to cross the ocean.

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HANUMAN LEAPING FROM MAHENDRAGIRI

Thus starts Sundarakandam,-the most beautiful kaandam as everything is beautiful in it.  Every household in India has a copy of Sundarakanda .  It is a normal practice in Srivaishnava wedding to present Sundarakandam to the groom as it is considered very auspicious. 

Our poorvacharyars have clearly indicated that

Lord Rama is the Paramatma

MOther Sita is the Jivatma suffering in this material world for reunion with Paramatma

Lanka is the samsara(material world)

Our manas is Ravana and the ten senses are considered as the ten heads of Ravana

Hanuman is the acharya(gurudeva) who extols Paramatma’s qualities to Jivatma, gives the holy name to Jivatma,  submits Jivatma’s plea to Paramatma,  destroys Lanka(samsaara) with the fire of knowledge and finaly reunites Jivatma with Paramatma.

The jivatma who gets illusioned with material world, leaves Paramatma and ends up in trouble loitering in the material world until an acharya intervenes and imparts supreme knowledge about the Lord, gives us the mantra to attain  HIM, submits our plea to the Lord and ensures our union with the Supreme Lord by destroying our desires (samasara)

                              And our journey to Sri Lanka to have the darshan of all the holy places fructified in August 2018 and an attempt is being made to reproduce the divine bliss to millions of Hari bhaktha . 

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     Hanumanji must have entered Srilanka from the north-western part via Thiruketeeswaram near Mannar, proceeded southwards and landed on Ramboda hills.  The places related to Sundarakandam are mostly located in Central Srilanka upto Sigiriya in the north and Ussangoda in the south.  

Valmiki maharishi beautifully describes Hanuman’s flight.  Hanumanji increased in size and stretching his hands wide leapt  from Mahendragiri mountain causing its residents to leave the place.  The flowers from the trees had covered Hanuman who was now resembling a flowered mountain. 

Hanumanji  faced the first hurdle which was a friendly gesture by Mynaaka parvatham who was  a close  friend of Vayu bhagavan ( Hanumanji’s father ). He offered fruits and asked Hanuman to take rest but he refused politely by embracing the mountain for its gesture saying that he intended to reach Lanka by evening and was lacking time.

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Hanuman won Mynaakam  with his friendly gesture. He didn’t succumb to any temptation.

The second hurdle came in the form of Surasa who was a Naagamaatha( mother of snakes).  The devas prompted her to test Hanuman’s capabilities.  Surasa obstructed Hanuman’s way saying that she wanted to swallow Hanuman to satiate her hunger.

 

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Hanuman informed her about his mission promising her to return and satiate her hunger but she didn’t budge saying that as per Brahma’s words, none could pass by her without fulfilling her wish.  He asked her to open her mouth wide enough for him to get into , started increasing in size.  Surasa also widened her mouth to match his size.  The witty Hanuman suddenly decreased in size , went inside her mouth and came back even before she closed her mouth, offered obeisances to her and having satisfied her wish continued his journey.  As she was a well wisher , Hanuman won her with his intelligence and presence of mind  and didn’t kill her.

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Surasa  was pleased with Hanuman .She blessed him assuming her true form.

 The place where this incident took place is known as Nagadweepa, also known as Nayanateevu,  is an island near the North-western part of Srilanka (between Mannar and Jaffna) is now identified as the place where this incident took place.

  There is a big temple for Naagamaatha known as Nagapooshani temple. This is also considered as one of the eighteen shakti peetams.

To reach this place, one has to drive from Jaffna for about 38 kms upto Pungudutheevu .  From Pungudutheevu drive for about 15 kms on a bridge to reach jetty. 

Our journey to this wonderful place is recorded in this video

                   Regular boat services at an interval of one hour is available to go to Nagadeepa.  The fare for the boat ride is LKR 50/- and will take about 20 minutes .

It is one way-the boat stops near the buddhist monastery and the return would be pick up from Nagapooshani temple or vice-versa .  Autos ply between these two places for a nominal charge of Rs.10/- LKR. 

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In Nagadeepa, there are two places to be visited- the first one is the Buddhist monastery as Buddha had visited this place and changed the factionist Naagas into pious people and made them follow Buddhism. Nagapooshani amman temple  can be reached by auto.   Devotees perform  milk abhishekam to the naagas in the temple. 

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The third hurdle for Hanumanjee  was   a rakshasi  named Simhika.    Lying on the ocean  she had the power to pull the shadow of anyone flying over her.   She  used her strength to   reduce  Hanuman’jis  speed by pulling his shadow. 

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Hanumanji realised the gravity and the unexpected hurdle . She opened her mouth widely and with all her might, she tried to swallow Hanuman  who entered into her mouth and came out swiftly  piercing her stomach  thus killing her.  Simhika was in a pool of blood.  Hanumanjee thus  encountered the third hurdle who was an enemy in reality  with his strength.

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This place is identified as Thiruketeeswaram near Mannar on the North-western part of Srilanka (between Jaffna and Anuradhapura) about 116 kms  north-west  of  Anuradhapura-a famous site for Buddhists

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Also, Kethu-one of the navagrahas who is Simhika’s son prayed to Shiva at this place.  Hence this place is known as Thiruketeeswaram.

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  Mandodari’s father built this temple.  Presently the Shiva temple is undergoing renovation.

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Hanumanji landed on Suvela parvatham in Srilanka . This place is now known as Ramboda. Chinmaya mission have constructed a beautiful temple for 16 ft Hanumanjee .  There are 3 sets of deities of  Sita-Rama Lakshmana  in the temple premises. 

Chariot procession takes place during  December . As Hanumanji alighted on this parvath on Pournami (Valmiki rishi mentions that Hanuman started his search operation on Pournami and the full moon helped Hanuman with his cool light to see things clearly ), special poojas are performed here. Guest house accomodation(LKR 6600/-for more than 2 PAX) and food court (AnnapurnaVeg.restaurant) are being operated by the mission. (Srirama viewed Lankapura from this placE)

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After sunset, Hanumanji took a miniature form to search for Mother Sita.  He marched towards Lankapura city after crossing forests.  Being an island, Lanka was protected by sea on all four sides which was a natural barrier, it has many mountains ,lakes and rivers. Lankapura was situated on one such mountain known as Trikuta parvatham(Sigiriya) and the surrounding places around Kandy are also considered part of this . The historical importance of Sigiriya (a world heritage site ) now is being attributed to King Kasyapa who was an unjust king very similar to Ravana and hid at this place.  (Research relating to Ramayana reveal that this was Ravana’s kingdom) 

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It was well guarded on all sides by armed soldiers right from the foot of the hill. The beautiful city was built by Mayasuran-architect for asuras and Ravana’s father in law. Valmiki rishi has aptly described this location which can be found even today.    There were tunnels connections various mountains to which only Ravana had access.  Also, there were aircraft centres at various places which was used by Ravana to fly on his pushpaka vimanam.     

Hanumanjee   was encountered by Lankini- a rakshasi who was a personification of Lanka when he was trying to enter into Lankapura. Hanuman politely told  her that he would return after viewing the beautiful city but the raksasi didn’t accede. Though she hurt  Hanuman  by  hitting with a mace, hanuman pitied her and slightly hit her with his left fist which was unbearable for her.  She accepted defeat and recollecting Brahma’s words that when she would be defeated by a vanara, Lanka’s destruction would be inevitable, she  blessed Hanuman to be victorious in his mission.  

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Lankapura is considered as the places around Sigiriya and Kandy.

RAvana ruled from Sigiriya Fort

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HANUMANJI IN RAMBODA

Hanuman defeated Lankini and started searching for Sitadevi in all the places including the Pushpaka vimanam, palaces of RAvana’s queens, Ravana’s palace, Mandodari’s palace, kitchen ,etc. Lankapura was situated on Trikuta parvatham(Sigiriya rock ) making it inaccessible to intruders. 

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Ravana’s court, palace, his queens’ palaces were all situated around this.  Right from the foot of the hills, every place was well guarded. The fort was surrounded with mouts, lakes with crocodiles is it . There are about 

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Inside sigiriya fort

 He came across stationed armies well equipped guarding the kingdom. 

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The place where Pushpaka vimanam was kept is now known as Gurulopotha near Sita Kotuwa about 100 kms north east of Kandy. (There is  only a name board and a buddhist temple ).  Likewise Mandodari palace is now known as  “Sita Kotuwa” as Sitadevi was first kept here. This is an archeological site about 3 hours drive from Kandy. 

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Sita Kotuwa.

A guide from the archeological survey office accompanies the visitors to the place. (Guest house facility and a small restaurant serving cool drinks,water, snacks  is run by them.)  We need to walk down the steep terrain for about an hour to reach Sita Kotuwa.    The place where the army was stationed is known  as Weragantota. Gurulopotha and Weragantota are situated near Sita Kotuwa. 

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Steps from Ravana palace  leading to sita kotuwa (this is not the path which we take)

  He found heaps of food in the kitchen but didn’t have the slightest temptation to eat.  He searched every nook and corner of Lanka but could not trace  mother Sitadevi. Hanuman was worried that he  had to look  many ladies which was against his brahmachari vow. But he convinced himself that if you have to search for a deer, you will have to search amongst deers.  Likewise, a woman has to be searched amongst women.  AS he respected all women as his mother and sister, his mind was very clear and was only focused on our Mother’s ( Thayar’s ) welfare.

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After searching for the second time, Hanumanji was worried .He  sat on a rock  and decided to end his life as he knew that if he returned without seeing Sitadevi, he would be the cause for destruction of Ishvaku race and the vaanaras. 

Hanuman however regained his determination and realized his mistake. 

He understood that though he  prayed to all the gods  he  forgot to offer prayers to  Mother Sitadevi

Recollecting HER appearance as an ayonija,  

He immediately prayed to Sitadevi guarded by Rama and Lakshmana to disclose her whereabouts similar to the way SHE chose to appear to King Janaka.

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BIRTH PLACE OF SITADEVI AT SITA MARHI, BIHAR

 By the grace of Sitadevi,  Hanumanji spotted Ashoka vanam- a beautiful garden which he had missed to explore

This place where Hanuman sat and contemplated on Mother Sita is identified as MANIKATUTHER located between Ramboda and Nuwara Eliya.

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It is about 20 kms from RAmboda hill and Nuwara Eliya is about 50 kms from Manikatuther. 

Manikatuther is located in Labbookelle Tea Estate in Kondakalai village on a hill bgetween Nuwara Eliya and Ramboda.  WE need to take an auto to go up the hill which has a muddy path from the base. AFter reaching a certain point, we have to trek up the hill through Labbookelle Tea Estate .

The scenic beauty is inexplicable. When we visited this place, the whole area was engulfed in fog , it was drizzling and cool breeze was soothing . ( As the muddy road was drenched with rain, we were told that it would not be possible to go there by our guide.  But we insisted to be taken there and because of Hanuman’s grace, two auto drivers agreed to take us and we could visit the place.)  Presently , there is only a small shiva linga under a tree. 

Sri.Kanakaraj, a disciple of Chinmaya Mission who accompanied us informed that on a clear day, we can view both Ramboda and Nuwara Eliya.

Reaching Lanka, Ravana held Sitadevi captive in Mandodari’s palace which is now known as Sita kotuwa.  Indra prayed to Sitadevi to sustain herself by partaking heavenly sweet for the world’s welfare .  Ravana later shifted HER to Ashoka vanam(presently known as Hakgala Gardens in Nuwara Eliya)

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presuming SHE would like the hill station and the natural beauty of his kingdom and succumb to his wish. The village is named as Kondakalai because while Ravana was forcibly taking Sitadevi to Ashoka vanam, Sitadevi’s hair got deranged.

He also informed that the food given by RAvana to Sitadevi was thrown away by HER which fell scattered in the surrounding forests.  The remains became  fossils  known as “SITA GOOLI” have been certified by American researchers as vitaminised rice balls dating few   thousands of years . These balls are considered as symbol of auspiciousness.  We were fortunate to get them to be placed in our altar.

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SITA GOOLI AND LEAVES OF ASHOKA TREE

Near Manikatuther, there is a  temple for Sriman Narayana seated on Garuda with Sridevi and Bhudevi.  Mahavishnu is bluish in complexion .  But the locals address this temple as “Rama temple”. 

During Margazhi,(Dec-Jan), early morning Pooja is performed and bhajans are conducted in the nights during the whole month. Few rare beautiful pics from Ramayanam are hung on the walls inside the temple.

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ASHOKA VANAM (HAKGALA BOTANICAL GARDENS IN NUWARA ELIYA)

When Hanumanji entered Ashoka Vanam (presently known as Hakgala Botanical Gardens in Nuwara Eliya), the flowers blossomed , birds chirped and the weather was very pleasant.  Some flowers dropped on Hanuman’s body which added to his beauty.

Hanuman jumped from one tree to the other in search of Sitadevi.  Finally, he found a sobbing distressed lady glowing with effulgence under a tree and looking at her appearance, the colour of her sari  and the jewels which were hanging from the tree, Hanuman guessed that it was Sitadevi.  His joy knew no bounds.

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He was contemplating as to how he has to pick up a conversation with her. Meanwhile, RAvana arrived and started persuading  Sitadevi.  

Mother Sita underwent all these troubles to put an end to Ravana’s atrocities who was slave to lust thus causing harm to womanhood all over the world.  (Poorvacharyars reason that as the wives of celestial persons  were held captive by him, Mother Sitadevi came to Lanka to rescue them ).  Just as a mother who will ensure to protect all the children,
Sitadevi who is the mother of Universe  advised him to restore HER back to Lord Rama and get saved mentioning Sri Rama’s nature to forgive anyone who came for asylum even if it had committed the gravest sin.    When Sitadevi rebuked him by recalling his cowardly act of stealing HER in Srirama’s absence , he became so wild that he wanted to harm her but was stopped by his wife Daanyamaalini. 

The egoistic Ravana  left after warning her that she would be killed and served as breakfast at the end of two months in case she doesn’t concede to his request.

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The rakshasis who were threatening her were chastised by Trijata-Vibhishana’s daughter who disclosed the dream she had. 

Trijata revealed her dream in which  she saw victorious Lord Rama seated with Sitadevi wearing white silk clothes on Pushpaka vimanam ,Ravana’s death, anhilation  of rakshasa clan, Vibhishana’s coronation and advised the rakshasis to stop  torturing Sitadevi as SHE alone could protect them from SRirama’s wrath. 

The rakshasis stopped harassing and slept.  Sitadevi who was totally devastated, decided to end her life by hanging HERSELF from Simshuka tree with her hair.

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Hanumanji who was sitting on the Simshuka tree became worried at HER approach.  To save HER from this disaster, Hanuman softly sang Srirama’s story  starting from HIS appearance,wedding, banishment , Ravana’s foul play in kidnapping Sitadevi, Jatayu’s death, Sugreeva’s friendship, their search operation etc. Hanuman presented himself as Rama’s messenger and sugreeva’s minister.

He described in detail about Srirama and enquired about devi’s identity.  When Sitadevi got convinced that he was Rama’s messenger, Hanuman presented the holy ring given by Srirama to her and pacified HER that SRirama would kill Ravana ,resuce HER and return to Ayodhya to rule the world. Just as our acharyar gives us the holy name (Tirumantram) to us during Samasrayanam, Hanuman gave tthe holy ring with SRirama’s name engraved on it.  Looking at the ring, Sitadevi wept uncontrollably remembering their separation and suffering .

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Thus , the entire Ramayana was sung by Hanuman. This place is known famously known as “SITA ELIYA-SITA AMMAN TEMPLE” located about 4 kms from Nuwara Eliya on a lower altitude. Nuwara Eliya,also known as “Little England” located in the Central highlands of Srilanka  is a hill station and one of the coldest regions in Srilanka .

The thought that Sitadevi sitting under the tree in the cool Ashoka gardens without any protection against the harsh weather conditions made us feel depressed.

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Hanuman convinced Sitadevi that Srirama would come at the earliest and rescue HER.  Unable to tolerate Sitadevi’s distress, Hanumanji offered to carry HER on his shoulders and unite HER with Srirama.  He expanded his form to convince about his capabilities.  So, we can see  two sets of footprints in Sita Amman temple-one small and the other one huge .  

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Hanuman pacified Jaganmatha assuring HER of Srirama’s arrival to resue HER and consoled her thus saving HER life.  When Hanuman requested Sitadevi  to give some token of identification to present to Srirama, Sitadevi handed over the “choodamani ” and shared few incidents with Hanuman including Kakasuran’s episode , about how the Lord applied thilak so that HE would believe Hanuman as these incidents happened in solitude.

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SPHATIK SHILA IN CHITRAKOOT-THE PLACE OF KAKASURAN EPISODE

After taking Sitadevi’s blessings, Hanuman decided to meet Ravana and convey Rama’s message.  So, he uprooted the trees in Ashoka vanam .  He defeated the rakshasas who came to fight, destroyed one-fourth of Ravana’s army including 80000 kinnaras, five army chiefs, Ravana’s son-Akshakumara and finally voluntarily got bound by Indrajit’s brahmastra as vayuputra wanted an audience with Ravana.

All these incidents took place at “” Hakgala Botanical Gardens”.  

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The deities  which are considered thousands of years old  were recovered from the stream in Sita Eliya two hundred years ago

Hanuman was taken to RAvana’s assembly in Sigiriya Fort

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INNER VIEW OF SIGIRIYA FORT (RAVANA PALACE)

Hanuman introduced himself as Sugreeva’s minister and Srirama’s messenger , informed the killing of Vali who had humbled RAvana earlier ,  advised Ravana to return Sitadevi and save his clan from Srirama’s wrath which infuriated Ravana .

Ravana ordered Hanuman to be killed but was intercepted by Vibhishana who said that a messenger should not be killed but could be punished. 

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RAVANA’S THRONE ON SIGIRIYA FORT

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Ravana ordered that Hanuman’s tail be burnt and taken along all the streets .  Hanuman’s tail was wound with cloth dipped in oil and fire was lit. The jubilant rakshasas unaware of Hanuman’s prowess abused him and insulted him by throwing stones and took him through all the places.  Hanuman unmindful of the pain thought that it was a good opportunity so that he can once again see Lanka in the day light.  Few rakshasis rushed to Sitadevi to inform about the happenings.    Sitadevi experienced intolerable grief for the punishment.  She washed her hands in the nearby stream , lit a pyre and prayed to Agnideva to protect Hanuman by proclaiming that if she was chaste and if it is true that sirama would resuce her, Agni should not harm Hanuman.  

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Hanuman realised that though his tail was burning, he didn’t feel any burning sensation or pain. He realised that it was because of Sitadevi’s compassion , the fire didn’t harm him.  Hanuman wanted to express his gratitude to firegod by offering the tall mansions to agni. Hanuman freed himself from rakshasas’ clutches and jumping from one building to the other including RAvana’s palace and assembly , he lit fire in all the places.

AS  the golden Lankapura  was on a hill where heavy winds blow, the fire spread immediately . The whole of Lanka was in flames.

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Hanuman burnt the whole Lanka including Ravana’s airports at WEragantota , Ussangoda (the southern tip of Lanka). 

Hanuman cooled his burning tail in the waters near Ussangoda near Hambantota- a sea coast about 83 kms from Galle.The sand  here is red in colour.  Usually red sand would be wet whereas here it is as hard as rock.  No vegetation grows here. This is a protected site.  It is advisable to visit this place in daytime .

 Hanuman became worried about Sitadevi’s welfare as the entire Lanka was burning.  But he heard from celestial beings about Sitadevi’s safety and Vibhishana’s house not burnt.  The pleased Hanuman returned to Ashoka vanam and after personally seeing Sitadevi assured her about Rama’s arrival and returned to Kishkinda after taking Mother Sita’s blessings. Assuming a huge form, Hanuman took off from “Arishta” parvatham from Lanka to cross over the ocean to reach Mahendragiri.  Unable to bear his weight, Arishta parvatham got submerged into the sea with only the top visible.  This is considered as “Andaman islands” (this info was shared by Andamanese during our visit-not sure about the authenticity but there is a similarity in the names-Arishta—Andaman)

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Hanuman returned to the vanara camp and shared with them Sitadevi’s welfare.  He informed them in detail about his entire journey.  They started the return journey to Kishkinda to inform the good news to SRiram, Enroute  stopped for a while at Madhuban near Hampi to satisfy their hunger. While all the vanaras were satiating their hunger by drinking honey and eating fruits, Our Hanuman was relising   the nectarian names of Lord Rama  which was his lifeline.

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HANUMAN’S IMAGE AT MADHUVAN NEAR HAMPI

Hanuman and other vanaras headed by Angadha returned to Maalyavan parvath and informed about Sitadevi’s welfare and presented the choodamani to Srirama.  A beautiful temple for the Lordships at the place where this incident took place can be seen in Hampi.  Srirama praised Hanuman and  embraced him for completing the mission thus emphasising that HE COULD BE ATTAINED ONLY WITH HANUMAN’S GRACE.

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The place where Hanumanji conveyed Sitamata’s welfare and offered Choodamani to Srirama-Hampi,Karnataka

Our poorvacharyas say that  when Hanuman submittd to Srirama without Sitadevi, his tail got burnt but when he got Sitadevi’s blessings, he was blessed with  Lord Rama’s  embrace . 

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This emphasizes  Thayar’s intervention as PUrushakaaram in our Srivaishnava sampradayam.   Thus ends  the wonderful prose Sundarakandam.

Pics credits  :  Few from Social media 

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

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108 DIVYADESA NAAMAVALI


SRIMATHE RAMANUJAYA NAMAHA

108 DIVYADESA NAAMAVALI

No. Divyadesam                                   Naamavali
         CHOLA NADU DIVYA  DESAMS (40)
01 SRIRANGAM Sri Ranganayika sametha Sri Ranganathaya
02 THIRUKOZHI

(Uraiyur)

Sri Kamalavalli nayika sametha Sri Azhagiya Manavaalaya
03 THIRUKARAMBANUR

(Uttamar kovil)

Sri Poornavalli nayika sametha Sri Purushothamaya
04 THIRUVELLARAI Sri Senbagavalli nayika sametha Sri Pundarikaashaya
05 THIRUANBIL Sri Sundaravalli nayika sametha Sri Sundararajaya
06 THIRUPERNAGAR Sri Indradevi nayika sametha Sri Appala ranganathaya
07 THIRUKANDIYUR Sri Kamalavalli nayika sametha Sri Kamalanathaya
08 THIRUKOODALUR

(Aaduthurai)

Sri Padmasani nayika sametha Sri Jagathrakshakaya
09 THIRUKAPISTHALAM Sri Ramamani nayika sametha Sri Gajendravaradaya
10 THIRUPULLAM-

BOOTHANGUDI

Sri Hemambujavalli nayika sametha Sri Drudathanviramabhadraya
11 THIRUAADHANOOR Sri Visweswari nayika sametha Sri Visweswaraya
12 THIRUKUDANDHAI Sri Komalavalli nayika sametha Sri Aparyathaamruthaya
13 THIRUVINNAGAR Sri Bhoomi nayika sametha Sri Lavannavarjitha Venkatesaya
14 THIRUNARAIYUR

(NACHIYAR KOVIL)

Sri Vanjulavalli nayika sametha Sri Vasudevaya
15 THIRUCHERAI Sri Saranayika sametha Sri Saaranathaya
16 THIRUKANNAMANGAI Sri Abhishekavalli nayika sametha Sr Bhaktavatsalaya
17 THIRUKANNAPURAM Sri Padmini nayika sametha Sri Sourirajaya
18 THIRUKANNANGUDI Sri Aravindavalli nayika sametha Sri Damodara Narayanaya
19 THIRUNAAGAI Sri Soundharyavalli nayika sametha Sri Soundharyarajaya
20 THIRUTHANJHAI-

MAAMANI KOVIL

Sri Senbagavalli nayika sametha Sri Neelameghaya

Sri Ambujavalli nayika sametha Sri Manikundraya

Sri Thanjhai nayika sametha Sri Nrusimhaya

21 THIRUNANDHIPURA

VINNAGARAM

Sri Senbagavalli nayika sametha Sri Jagannathaya
22 THIRUVELLIANGUDI Sri Maragadhavalli nayika sametha Sri Kolavalvilliramaya
23 THIRUVAZHUNDUR

(THEREZHUNDUR)

Sri Senbagavalli nayika sametha Sri Devadhirajaya
24 THIRUSIRUPULIYUR Sri Dayanayika sametha Sri Krupa samudraya
25 THIRUTHALALAISANGA NAANMADHIYAM Sri Senbagavalli nayika sametha Sri Vyomajyothipiraanaya
26 THIRUINDALUR Sri Parimalavalli nayika sametha Sri Parimala Ranganathaya
27 TIRUKAAVALAMPAADI Sri Senbagavalli nayika sametha Sri Rajagopalaya
28 TIRUKAZHICHEERAMA

VINNAGARAM

(SIRKAZHI)

Sri Lokanayika sametha Sri Trivikramaya
29 THIRUARIMEYA

VINNAGARAM

Sri Amruthakadavalli nayika sametha Sri Amruthakateswaraya
30 TIRUVANPURUSHOTAM Sri Purushothama nayika sametha Sri Purushothomaya
31 TIRUSEMPONSEI KOVIL Sri Kumudhavalli nayika sametha Sri Hemarangaya
32 THIRUMANIMADA KOVIL Sri Pundarikavalli nayika sametha Sri Narayanaya
33 THIRUVAIKUNTHA VINNAGARAM Sri Vaikuntavalli nayika sametha Sri Vaikuntanathaya
34 THIRUVAALI THIRUNAGARI Om Sri Amruthakadavalli nayika sametha Sri Lakshmi

Narasimhaya

35 THIRUDEVANAR THOGAI Sri Madhava nayika sametha Sri Madhavaya
36 TIRUTHETRIAMBALAM Sri Senkamalavalli nayika sametha Sri Ranganathaya
37 THIRUMANIKOODAM Sri Sridevi nayika sametha Sri Varadarajaya
38 THIRUVELLAKULAM Sri Padmavathi nayika sametha Sri Srinivasaya
39 TIRUPAARTHANPALLI Sri Kamalavaasini nayika sametha Sri Kamalanathaya
40 TIRUCHITRAKOODAM Sri Pundarikavalli nayika sametha Sri Govindarajaya
    PANDYA NAATU DIVYA DESAMS (18)
41 THIRUKURUNGUDI  Sri Kurungudivalli nayika sametha Sri Vaishnava Nambiye
42 TIRUSIRIVARAMANGAI

(VAANAMAMALAI)/

THOTHADRI

 Sirivaramangai nayika sametha Sri Thothathrinathaya
43 THIRUVAIKUNTAM Sri Vaikuntavalli nayika sametha Sri Vaikuntanathaya
44 THIRUVARAGUNA-MANGAI Sri Varagunavalli nayika sametha Sri Vijayasanaya
45 THIRUPULINGUDI Sri Pulingudivalli nayika sametha Sri Kaaichinavendhanaya
46 THIRUTHOLAIVILLI MANGALAM

(IRATTAI TIRUPATI)

Sri Bhoomi,Sridevi nayika sametha Sri Srinivasaya

Sri Karunthadankanni nayika sametha Sri ARavindhalochanaya

47 THIRUKULANDHAI Sri Kulandhaivalli nayika sametha Sri Mayakoothane
48 THIRUKOLUR Sri Kumudhavalli nayika sametha Sri Vaithamanidhiye
49 THIRUPERAI Sri Kuzhaikaadhuvalli nayika sametha Sri Makaranedunkuzhaikathaya
50 THIRUKURUGOOR Sri Aadhinathavalli nayika sametha Sri Adinathaaya
51 SRIVILLIPUTTUR Sri Godha nayika sametha Sri Rangamannaraya
52 THIRUTHANKAAL Sri SEnkamalavalli nayika sametha Sri Narayanaya
53 THIRUKOODAL Sri Madhuravalli nayika sametha Sri Koodalazhagaraya
54 TIRUMALIRUNCHOLAI Sri Sundaravalli nayika sametha Sri Sundararajaya
55 THIRUMOGHUR Sri Moghurvalli nayika sametha Sri Kaalameghaya
56 THIRUGOSHTIYUR Sri Thirumaamagal nayika sametha Sri Sowmya Narayanaya
57 THIRUPULLANI Sri Kalyanavalli nayika sametha Sri Kalyana Jagannathaya
58 THIRUMEYYAM Sri Uyyavandha nayika sametha Sri Sathyagirinathaya
    MALAI NAADU DIVYA DESAMS (13)
59 THIRUNAAVAAI Sri Malarmangai nayika sametha Sri Naavai Mukundaya
60 THIRUVITHUVAKKODU Sri Padmapaani nayika sametha Sri Abhyapradaya
61 THIRUKKAATKARAI Sri Vatsalyavalli nayika sametha Sri Kaatkaraiappaya
62 THIRUMOOZHIKALAM Sri Maduraveni nayika sametha Sri Srisukthinathaya
63 THIRUVALLAVAAZH Sri Vaatsalyavalli nayika sametha Sri Srivallabhaya
64 THIRUKODITHANAM Sri Karpagavalli nayika sametha Sri Athupudhanarayanaya
65 TIRUCHENGKUNDRUR

(CHENGANOOR)

Sri Senkamalavalli nayika sameth Sri Imayavarambaya
66 THIRUPULIYUR

(KUTTANADU)

Sri Hemalatha nayika sametha Sri Maayapiranaya
67 THIRUVAARANVILAI

(AARAMULA)

Sri Padmasini nayika sametha Sri Thirukuralapaya
68 THIRUVANVANDOOR Sri Kamalavalli nayika sametha Sri Paambanaippaya
69 TIRUVANANTAPURAM

(TRIVANDRUM)

Sri Harilakshmi nayika sametha Sri Anantha Padmanabhaya
70 THIRUVAATAARU Sri Maragadhavalli nayika sametha Sri Adikesavaya
71 TIRUVANPARISAARAM Sri Kamalavalli nayika sametha Sri Thiruvaazhmaarbhaya
    NADU NADU THIRUPATHIGAL(2)
72 TIRUVAHINDRAPURAM Sri Hemambujavalli nayika sametha Sri Devanadhaya
73 THIRUKOVALUR Sri Pushpavalli nayika sametha Sri Trivikramaya
    THONDAI NAATU THIRUPATHIGAL (22)
74 THIRUKACHI (ATHIYUR)

(KANCHIPURAM)

Sri Perundevi nayika sametha Sri Devadirajaya
75 TIRUATTABUYAKARAM

(kanchi)

Sri Padmasini nayika sametha Sri Adikesavaya
76 TIRUTHANKA/THUPUL

 

Sri Maragadhavalli nayika sametha Sri Deepaprakasaya
77 THIRUVELLUKAI Sri Amruthavalli nayika sametha Sri Mukundhanayakaya
78 THIRUNEERAGAM Sri Nilamangai nayika sametha Sri Jagadeeswaranayakaya
79 THIRUPAADAGAM Sri Rukmini nayika sametha Sri Pandavadhoothaya
80 THIRUNILATHINGAL-THUNDAN Sri Ner oruvilla nayika sametha Sri Nilathingalthunda nayakaya
81 THIRUOORAGAM Sri Amruthavalli nayika sametha Sri Trivikramaya
82 THIRUVEKKHA Sri Komalavalli nayika sametha Sri Yathothkaariya
83 THIRUKAARAGAM Sri Padmamani nayika sametha Sri Karunaakaraya
84 THIRUKAARVAANAM Sri Kamalavalli nayika sametha Sri Kalvaya
85 THIRUKALVANOOR Sri Anjilaivalli nayika sametha Sri Adivarahaya
86 THIRUPAVALAVANNAM Sri Pavazhavalli nayika sametha Sri Pavazhavannaya
87 THIRUPARAMESWARA VINNAGARAM Sri Vaikuntavalli nayika sametha Sri Paramapadanathaya
88 THIRUPUTKUZHI Sri Maragadhavalli nayika sametha Sri Vijayaraghavaya
89 THIRUNINDRAVOOR Sri Sudhavalli nayika sametha Sri Bhakthavatsalaya
90 THIRUEVVUL

(THIRUVALLUR)

Sri Kanakavalli nayika sametha Sri Veeraraghavaya
91 THIRUVELLIKENI

(TRIPLICANE)

Sri Rukmini nayika sametha Sri Venkatakrishnaya

Sri Vedavalli nayika sametha Sri RAnganathaya

92 THIRUNEERMALAI Sri Animaamalar mangai nayika sametha Sri Neervannanaya
93 THIRUVIDANDHAI Sri Komalavalli nayika sametha Sri Lakshmivarahaya
94 THIRUKADALMALLAI

(MAHABALIPURAM)

Sri NIlamangai nayika sametha Sri Sthalasayanaya
95 THIRUKADIGAI (SHOLINGUR) Sri Amruthavalli nayika sametha Sri Yoga Narasimhaya
    VADA NAADU DIVYA DESAMS (11)
96 THIRUAYODHI

(AYODHYA)

Sri Sitalakshmi nayika sametha Sri Raghunathaya
97 TIRUNAIMISARANYAM Sri Harilakshmi nayika sametha Sri Devarajaya
98 THIRUPIRIDHI Sri Parimalavalli nayika sametha Sri Parmapurushaya
99 THIRU KANDUM ENNUM KADINAGAR (DEVAPRAYAG) Sri Pundarikavalli nayika sametha Sri Purushothamaya
100 TIRUBADRIKASRAMAM

(BADRINATH)

Sri Aravindavalli nayika sametha Sri Badri Narayanaya
101 THIRUSAALAGRAMAM

(MUKTINATH)

Sri Sridevi nayika sametha Sri Srimurthiye
102 THIRUVADAMADURA

(MATHURA)

Sri Satyabhama nayika sametha Sri Balakrishnaya
103 THIRUVAAIPAADI

(GOKULAM)

Sri Rukmini Satyabhama nayika sametha Sri Navamohana Krishnaya
104 THIRUDWARAKA (DWARAKA) Sri Kalyana naachiyar sametha Sri Kalyana Jaganathaya
105 THIRUSINGAVEL

KUNDRAM(AHOBILAM

Sri Chenchulakshmi nayika sametha Sri Lakshmi Narasimhaya
106 THIRUVENGADAM (TIRUMALA) Sri Alarmel manga nayika sametha Sri Srinivasaya
107 THIRUPAARKADAL DIVYA DESAMS NOT IN THIS WORLD (2)

Om Sri Bhoodevi nayika sametha Sri Ksheerabhidhinathaya

108 THIRUPARAMAPADAM

(THIRUNAADU)

Sri Paramapada nayika sametha Sri Paramapadhanathaya

 

 

Pundalikaa Varadaaa.. My Lord ! Please forgive me for asking you to stand on this brick .. …


Shanka Chakra Dhara Vaijayanthi Dara
Pithambaradara Govardhanodhara
Tulasimala Shobhita Gala
Garuda Gamana Hari Pankaja Nabha
Vittala Yere Pandhari Raya
Mastaka Linga Swaroopa Linga

Roopa Banga Sajjana Sangha
Yadukula Thilaka Manmatha Janaka
Pathitha Pavana Dena Dayalo
Vittala Yere Pandhari Raya

Tribhuvana Roopa ………..
Vishwa Swaroopa ……….
Bhava Bhaya Thapa .
Harithi Papa Rukmini Kantha
Roopa Anantha
Janani Janaka Tuja Mavakalena
Vittala Yere Pandhari Raya…………

Chandrabhageteeram Ubha Vitevari –
Kara Katavari Ranga Shilevari
Mahadwari Garuda Vahini
Vinavinatha Janardhana Swamy
Vittala Yere Pandhari Raya

Panduranga Panduranga – Panduranga

Rukmini Kantha
Roopa Anantha
Janani Janaka ……. Tuja Mavakalena
Vittala Yere Pandhari Raya
Chandrabhageteeram Ubha Vitevari –
Kara Katavari Ranga Shilevari
Mahadwari Garuda Vahini
Vinavinatha Janardhana Swamy
Vittala Yere Pandhari Raya
Panduranga Panduranga – Panduranga

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Jai Jai Ramakrishna Hari

Pilgrimage to Pandharpur near   Sholapur in Maharashtra  and  having  darshan of Lord Vittal  is incomplete without mentioning  the great devotee Pundalikan. 

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Pundalaikan who hailed from southern part of  India  undertook a pilgrimage to kasi along with his parents and family .  As his old  parents couldn’t withstand the long journey they camped  on the banks of Bhima river in the present Pandharpur.

   As there was no improvement in their fitness and due to their old  age , they decided to  stay there forever serving LORD and his devotees .

.facebook_1521301414833.jpg549459542.jpg Pundalikan  was  a caring and obedient son .

Always in the service of his parents chanting the holy name he continued to start a fresh life being at this new place. 

The Divine Name of ‘ Jai Jai Ramakrishna Hari Jai Jai  Vasudeva Hari’  ever reverberating in this holy town made him swoon into transcendental…

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Swamy Pillai Lokachariar …. The most revered Acharyar of Universe …..


Lokacharyar

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 Manarppakkathu Nambi   was an ardent devotee of  Lord Devaraja Perumal  of  Kancheepuram.  Nambi  was  residing  near the temple   and was   performing several  divine services daily  .  

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For his unstinted devotion and service ,  Lord of Kanchi   Devaraja Perumal out of abundant mercy  taught him  few  esoteric truths  in his dream and  commanded Nambi,   My child  !! “Now that you have absorbed esoteric subjects from   me,  please  go to the  holy land between two rivers and await for the rest ……  

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  (iraNdAtthukku naDuvilE centru kEtkkalAm)” 

 you  shall get the rest from there       .    

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  Manarpakkam Nambi  was overjoyed with Lord’s  abundant  grace . He  faithfully  moved to           Srirangam and with the locals support built a small temple  for  Lord Varadarajar . As done earlier he  quietly lived there worshiping  the LORD    reflecting on the esoteric  meanings revealed by  Lord…

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Swamy Pillai Lokachariar …. The most revered Acharyar of Universe …..


Lokacharyar

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 Manarppakkathu Nambi   was an ardent devotee of  Lord Devaraja Perumal  of  Kancheepuram.  Nambi  was  residing  near the temple   and was   performing several  divine services daily  .  

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For his unstinted devotion and service ,  Lord of Kanchi   Devaraja Perumal out of abundant mercy  taught him  few  esoteric truths  in his dream and  commanded Nambi,   My child  !! “Now that you have absorbed esoteric subjects from   me,  please  go to the  holy land between two rivers and await for the rest ……  

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  (iraNdAtthukku naDuvilE centru kEtkkalAm)” 

 you  shall get the rest from there       .    

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  Manarpakkam Nambi  was overjoyed with Lord’s  abundant  grace . He  faithfully  moved to           Srirangam and with the locals support built a small temple  for  Lord Varadarajar . As done earlier he  quietly lived there worshiping  the LORD    reflecting on the esoteric  meanings revealed by  Lord…

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ALI.PIRI…THE GATEWAY TO TIRUMALA


GOVINDAAAAA GOVINDAAA

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It was during 1783-84 ,  a time when the atrocities of the  foreigners  were unbearable .

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Their  hatred for idol worship made the locals  tremble, not in fear for their lives,

but in fear of the possible damages that the age old  holy idols in their ancient temples would suffer. Drastic measures were made to save the deities  from disrespect.  However the demons used to destroy them and if that was not possible, deface them. The smaller utsavar idols made of the expensive Panchaloha were carried off in large heaps to Delhi, to be melted into new ornaments.

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The priests did their very best to cover the sanctum with bricks and send the smaller idols for safekeeping with trusted families. The forces however, kept driving further  in conquest. People mourned the deaths of their near and dear in the struggle . 

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The invaders were ruthlessly  attacking the temples and looting…

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” Swamy Prativadi Bhayankaram Annan ” Suprabatham is recited during the foremost pre-dawn seva at Tirumala ..


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 Swamy  Mudumbai Nambee Ananthacharya  was one amongst the 74 Simhadipathees  nominated by Jagathacharyar  Swamy Ramanuja .

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Swamy Ananthacharyar  belonged to the illustrious family    of  the great srivaishnava stalwarts  Swamy Pillai Lokacharyar and Vadakku Thiruvidhi pillai . .

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   During 1360 , Swamy Ananthacharyar was blessed with a son who was named as Hasthagiri Ananthar Anna being ardent devotees of Lord Varadaraja . ( Lord Varadaraja has been giving darshan to the devotees at this holy place called “Hasthi giri”.  ‘Hasthi’ means elephant and “giri “ means hill) .    

IMG-20170424-WA0012    The young  boy  was very attractive  and  devotional right from his childhood  .The boy was admitted in to the school of  Swamy Nayana varadacharyar  ,  the direct descendent of Swamy  Vedanta Desikar . He received the Vedic inputs from his Acharya and progressed in leaps and bounds by his sheer devotion .

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During this  period  , a staunch Advaitin Narasimha Mishra had come to Kancheepuram . …

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KaayAmalar VaNNan SaaLagrAmamadia nenjE” Mukthinath Yatra


During this trip, Adiyen’s faith was put to test several times and Adiyen passed this only due to the grace of Lord and His devotees.

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Soul stirring experiences at the cost of trimming the body ..and that is what is LIFE ….Realizations streaming ………………

This body ..mind and spirit in equilibrium is what is good quality of self realisation …

The MIND understands and the body too ..

as the soul is going to meet the supersoul ( PARAMATMAN)

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Muktinath Divya Kshetram is located in Nepal and is an important pilgrimage site for Sri Vaishnavites and Buddhists.

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It is one of the eight swayam vyakta kshetrams(-out of this 4 are in southern India and 4 in Northern India).

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In Northern India, LORD has manifested Himself in the form of forest at Naimisaranyam, as divine water in Pushkar, as mountain in Badrinath and as Fossils in Saalagramam kshetram whereas in rest of India, Perumal is in Archa form (Tirumala, Srirangam) .

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The best season to visit ( Mukthinaath) “saalagramam” is during March-April OR during September…

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Having darsanam of Lordships in Ahobilam, Srirangam, Thirukovalur and Ayodhya


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THIRUNEERMALAI

This  Srivaishnava divyadesam is located near Pallavaram in Chennai . The temple is located  on a hillock and one must  climb  around 250 steps to have darshan of the LORD  .The glory  of this divya desam is related to this temple is described in Brahmanda Puranam and other Sanskrit literature.

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This holy  hill was previously known as “Thoyagiri” meaning hill surrounded by water. When our Thirumangai Azhwar had visited this holy spot and glorified the LORD this place  came to be known as Thiru neer malai” . LORD  (Perumal) gives darshan  in 4 Thirukolam which is compared to the other divya desams by Thirumangai Azhwar as given below (2-4-1)
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Nindra(standing):-  Lord Ramar (at foot of hill) =Thirunaraiyur Sri Thirunaraiyur nambi
Kidandha (lying):- Lord  Ranganathar= Thirukudandhai Sri Aaraamudhan
Irundha(sitting) :- Lord Saantha Narasimhar =Thiruvaali Sri Lakshmi Narasimhar
Nadandha(walking):-  Lord Thiruvikraman =Thirukovaloor Trivikraman

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As mentioned earlier, one can have darshan of LORD…

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THIRUMAZHISAI AZHWAR VAIBHAVAM


Its always a pure devotee who wins by his bhakthee and Lord always proves this repeatedly that HIS bhaktha is dearest to HIM .

Bhakthisarar Thiruvadigale sharanam

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One day, Paramasivan along with Parvathi , were passing by on their vahanam on the sky. When their shadow was about to touch Thirumazhisai AzhwAr, (AzhwAr an advanced sidha purusha) who was  on some work  notices , he moves away. Noticing this PArvathi requeats Paramasivanar that they should go and meet him. Paramasivan hesitates .He informs Paravathi that Azhwar is a great soul and devotee of SrimanNarayana and he will simply ignore them.

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However , Parvathi insists that she wants to go down and meet him and hesitatingly , Paramasivan obliges. AzhwAr does not even bother to look at him as he is trance with Harivibhuthee. .

Paramasivan asks AzhwAr “How can he ignore them , when they are right next to  him ?”. AzhwAr offers his Pranaams and replies “ Adiyen has  nothing to ask you” except Haribhakthi .  Parameshwaran replies “We want to give you some benediction”.
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AzhwAr says…

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LORD KRISHNA’S BHOJAN THALI ( WHEN THE ROCK MELTED INTO A PLATE )


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The Supreme Personality of Godhead , out of HIS causeless mercy appeared as Sri Krishna in Vraj bhoomi during Dwapara yugam to protect the good and destroy the evil.  Sri Krishnavataaram is considered as the poornavataram amongst the innumerable avatarams taken by Mahavishnu.

KRISHNA’S APPEARANCE

Lord Krishna appeared as the eighth son to Devaki and Vasudevar but as per HIS instructions, Vasudevar carried the just born little child across Yamuna river and exchanged HIM with a just born girl child who was Yogamaya.

VASUDEVAR CARRYING LITTLE KRISHNA TO GOKULAM

 Sri Krishna was very affectionately brought up by HIS foster parents-Nand Maharaja and Mother Yashodha in Gokulam for the first few years  and then later shifted to Vrindavan where the Lord lived with the gopis till the age of 10.  Gokulam is known as AAyarpaadi.

MOTHER YASODHA WITH KRISHNA

 Mother Yashoda is the most blessed devotee in the whole world as…

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“Dvayam Vilaindha Tiruppathi” Swamy Ramanujars Panchasamaskara vaibhavam at Madurantakam


Every year the holy Panchasamaskara Vybhavam of Swamy Ramanujar is celebrated at Madhurantakam in grand manner during Avani Month in Sukla Paksha Panchami Thi-thi. ( the very next day after the Vinayaka Chathurthi ).

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The Pancha samaskara Vybhavam is enacted under tree very same Maghizam tree where original event took place long long ago every year .

The Pancha samaskara Vybhavam is enacted under tree very same Maghizam tree where original event took place long long ago every year .

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It was during the time , when the news came that  Swamy Alavandar was  sick and desired to meet  Swamy Ramanuja .   Swamy Ramanuja meanwhile had association of the great devotee Swamy  Tirukkachi Nambi  who obtained from Lord Varadaraja the famous ‘ Six Words ‘ and    the six words provided the guidelines for   Swamy Ramanuja  to follow.

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( i ) that Lord  Sriman Narayana is the Paramatma.  (ii ) that the individual souls were different from Paramatma.  (iii) that Prapatti is the means to attain salvation.  (iv)  that the last remembrance of the Lord on the part of the departing  soul was not necessary.  (v)   that Moksha can be obtained only on laying off the mortal coils        (Videha Mukti) and   (vi)  Ramanuja   should take refuge at the feet of Periya Nambi.

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Accordingly,  when he  met  Periya Nambi at Madurantakam he pleaded to perform Samashranayam without wasting any time . And thus  under the shade of  Vakula tree Periya Nambi performed Pancha Samskara to him.

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As he was initiated  into the esoteric of Dvaya Mantra at Madurantakam, the place came to be known as  “Dvayam Vilaindha Tiruppathi

 

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videos  courtesy : Sriman Ranganathan Srinivasan

Pics courtesy  : Thanking several devotees  who uploaded in in social media

Swami Appachiaranna *Appearance day today * Avani Hastam * September 2nd’ 2019


Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

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Swamy Mudali Andan  was the  foremost  disciple of Jagatha Acharyar Swamy Ramanuja .  AndAn  was sad that he did not have a male heir to continue the kainkaryam of Lord Ranganathar  at Srirangam.

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Lord out of abundant mercy enacted a divine play .  Inside the temple at the same time , Swamy Ramanuja received prasadam from the temple  priest which was covered with a garment (Kandadai- Kandal Gandam + aadai – a piece of cloth with fragrance) worn by Lord ( Lordships ).

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Swamy Ramanuja indicated to Andaan about the auspicious happening and told him he will be blessed with a son soon.  As per the divine will , during  the tamil Masi Month , Poonarvasu thirunakshatram , Swamy Mudali AndAn was blessed with a child with divya thEjas.

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Mudaliandan took the young boy wrapped in  the  cloth that  was  used to dry periya perumal after his ritual bath …

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Wise practices of our wise elders are our best authority…


Swamy Parasara bhattar replied .. I shall not trouble you with all that , for when I shall quote one authority , to which we commonly agree . The first sutra of Apastamba Dharma which says Wise practices of our wise elders are our best authority . Only after this comes Vedas .. Adiyens father Kooresa observed the sacrament in question and therefore , Adiyen does it .. Hope you to follow your Elders footsteps without doubt ..

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During the days of Swamy Parasarabhattar , a  vedantin  came to have darshan of Lord Ranganatha . He was very learned in sastras .

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While  having darshan he noticed Swamy Parasara bhattar advising a group of devotees .The Vedantin walked near to Swamy  and asked him to explain how a vaishnava is distinquished from a smarta . Swamy Parasara bhattar did not care to enter into an elaborate controversy with the adversary on this query , delicate in as much as it is a bone of contention between the two divisions the advaitins and visishitadvaitins.

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He just smiled and called his attention to the signs of chakra and shankha inscribed in both his arms  a sacrament enjoyed by sastras on all vaishnavas .

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The vedantin said ..Oh I see !! but what authorities can you quote from the shastras justifying you to set this type of custom ?  of wearing…

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Satyam satyam Punah Satyam, YathirAjO Jagath Guru..My means as well as end is Swamy Ramanuja ………


For adiyen Means as well as end is Swamy Ramanuja ..

my end of salvation is the lotus feet of Swamy Ramanuja …forever and said ..

Satyam satyam Punah Satyam,

YathirAjO Jagath Guru…………………

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Those were the days where Swamy Parasarabhattar was delivering discourses at his ashram  in  Srirangam  . Many devotees used to attend in large numbers  .

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Amongst them a  highly learned pundit and a srivaishnava  used to attend  the discourses daily .

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The learned pundit  was received with scant respect and  the  srivaishnava  was received with great attention . One disciple who was watching swamy Parasara bhattar’s   indifference reached his Guru and humbly submitted  ,  Acharya !! This pundit is a famous scholar  with high respect among the people in entire kingdom  .
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How could you be indifferent with him considering his scholarship amongst all the people assembled here . Bhattar replied , My child !! Listen to the discourse  now . After  the discourse you will be able to understand .

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In the discourse  Bhattar explained the importance of LORD RAMA’s avataram  which was a  divine gift of free grace to all  . LORD…

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Lord Krishna replies ….. “Everyone is drawn to me, but I am drawn to her!”


When Krishna was leaving Gokula to free his biological parents and Ugrasena by vanquishing the demon Kamsa, Radharani was awaiting for Krishna on the way. Krishna’s eyes dissolves in Radharanis eyes .He asks the driver to stop the cart. Akrura surprisingly asks, Oh Lord!! “Who is she?” Krishna responds, Akrura

“Everyone is drawn to me, but I am drawn to her!”

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Neeraja  was a gopi  who came to Gokulam as the daughter-in-law to  a Gopa family. She was beautiful and humble and loved the  new place which had some special vibrations .

.facebook_1529073269141.jpg1977911975.jpgHer husband and in-laws cautioned her  about  a dark skinned cowherd boy  who was very mischievous and warned her to  be away from his pranks.

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They  threatened her to keep away from Him and to avoid Him by every possible means. Neeraja was confused.  

wp-1497319103635.However ,she was very curious to see how he looked and what were those pranks which attracted so many gopis  .

Her mind was absorbed now .

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One summer evening, near the outskirts of a village  ….

Neeraja was returning from the banks of Yamuna river  immersed in the thoughts of the dark skinned boy.  .

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 Suddenly , she heard some mellifluous music from a direction which almost pulled her She ran towards the…

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LORD KRISHNA’S VISHWAROOPA DARSHAN TEMPLE AT KANCHIPURAM.


Lord Krishna is believed to have graced him with darshan , as ‘Pandava Dhootha’, in the same way he had in the Mahabharatha episode. Having played the role of a messenger for the Pandavas, Lord Krishna, here at this temple, is known by that same name Pandava Dhootha Perumal.

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Pandava Dhootha Perumal Temple   ( Thirupadagam ) Kancheepuram

Pandava Dhootha Perumal Temple  ( Thirupadagam )  is located in Kancheepuram in Tamilnadu.

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1 km West of Kanchipuram Bus Stand we can proceed to this temple to have a darshan of LORD KRISHNA  which is very special We can see  LORD  Krishna in a majestic sitting posture (facing East), almost  25 feet in height suggestive of the Lord’s Vishvaroopam.

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Lord Krishna  in order to make peace with the Kauravas,  proceeds  to Hastinapura to the court of Duryodhana on behalf of the Pandavas. 

.facebook_1519264167194.jpg800981305.jpgWith a plot to  harm Lord  Krishna and thus to put all hopes of a peace treaty,  the evil Duryodhana digs a pit and tops it with bamboo sticks.

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On this bamboo topped pit, he puts up a grand stage, thus setting up  Lord Krishna for a mega fall.  Once he enters the hall, the all knowing …

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Chinni Krishna and Peria Azhwar


KESHAVA, NARAYANA ,MADHAVA, GOVINDA, VISHNU, MADHUSUDANA TRIVIKRAMA, VAMANA, SRIDHARA, HRISHIKESHA, PADMANABHA & DAMODARA

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Amongst the 12 Azhwars  ,  Vishnuchittar was  glorified  as ” Peria Azhwar” . Our poorvacharyars comment that though he  appeared   after  Mudal azhwar, Nammazhwar, Thirumazhisai Azhwar, he was honoured with the title “Peria Azhwar   because while all other azhwars  glorified  Lord as Supreme Personality,  Azhwar had “pongum parivu”           ( vatsalyabhava).

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  Swamy  Manavala Mamunigal in  ” Upadesa Ratnamala ”  says “Pongum parivaale petraan Periazhwar ennum peyar”   meaning that because of the vatsalya bhaavam  like a mother towards the Lord, he was conferred with this title. Periyazhwar  was  overwhelmed to have darshanam of  the Lord after winning the debate  called by the  Pandyan King  at Madurai few hundred years back .  Having darshan of  Lord Koodal Azhagar Perumal , along with the Goddess who had come to witness  the  marathon procession honours done by the King to the Azhwar ,   on…

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All glories to Swamy Ananthazhvan who is the father-in-law of Lord Srinivasa! All glories to Swamy Ananthazhvan who is the father of Goddess Alarmelmangai…


Swamy Ananthalwan joined eternity with Lord Venkateshwara on the sacred Thiru Adi Pooram day ( July- August) .

Even today , Lord Venkateswara visits this garden and bestows honours on the Magizha Tree.

The satari at the main sanctum sanctorum is glorified as Sadagopa in remembrance of Nammazhwar.

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As per the  divine order of JagathAcharyar Swamy Ramanuja his disciple  Swamy   Anathazhwan served LORD VENKATESHWARA at Tirumala hills . He maintained a garden and was offering fragrant flowers to LORD daily  .The beautiful  garden  was planted with  flower bearing plants  such as vakula , patala , punnaga , shenbaga and other  fragrant trees .

The bunches of  freshly grown flowers hanging from the branches  were grand to look  . The ears of pilgrims walking around the garden had  strains of music poured forth by bees and all kinds of plumage birds ,  humming bees , cuckoos and the chirping of birds made the garden a  perfect place for divinity .  Nammazhwar’s hymns referring to the Lord as residing in flower bedecked  ThiruVenkata Hills ( Sindhupoo maghizhum Thiruvengadam) was   aptly reverberating .

One day , on routine checks Azhwan  became upset .He found that the  garden…

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Athi Varadar darshan once in 40 years not to be missed.


  1. KANCHIPURAM, popularly known as “ Temple town” is situated 70 kms to the southwest of Chennai -30 kms from  Arakkonam and about 25 kms from Sriperumbudur-the birth place of Swamy Ramanujar.  It takes about 2 hours to reach this place from Guindy, Chennai (subject to traffic) and about 1 hour from Arakkonam .

Plenty of buses ply from Chennai at frequent intervals to this place. It takes about one and half hours by car from Chennai Airport.  Cab charges from Arakonam to Kanchi  is fixed as RS.1,200/-. whereas from Chennai Airport it is about Rs.1000/-app.

As Brahma (KA) worshipped Vishnu in this place, it is known as KANCHI.

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Kancheepuram  is the only mukti kshetram located in South India out of  the seven mukthi kshetrams, the others being Ayodhya, Mathura , Maya, Kasi, Avanthi, Dwaraka which are located in the NOrthern India.

SRIRANGA MANGALA NIDHIM KARUNA NIVAASAM

SRI VENKATADRI SHIKARALAYA KALAMEGHAM

SRI HASTHISAILA SIKORAJWALA PARIJATHAM

SRISAN NAMAAMI YADHUSAILA DEEPAM

The above famous sloka refers to the four most important Vishnu shrines-namely Srirangam(also known as “Bhoga Mandapam”),

Venkatadri(Tirumala)( “Pushpa Mandapam”),

Srihasthisailam(Kanchi)(“Thyaga mandapam”) and

Yadhusailam(Melkote) (known as “Jnana Mandapam”).

The above Perumals were worshipped by famous devotees in the four  yugas.

Lord Ranganatha of Srirangam (known as “Kovil”) was worshipped by Lord Rama who later presented HIM to Vibhishana in Treta yuga

Lord Thirunarayanan of Melkote was worshipped by Lord Krishna in Dwapara yuga,

Lord Venkateswara of Tirupati (known as “Malai”) is being worshipped by Adisesha and us in Kali yuga whereas

Lord Varadarajar in Kanchipuram (Perumal kovil) is being worshipped in all the four yugas- 

by Brahma in Satya yuga,

by Mahashaantan Maharishi who asssumed the form of  Gajendran  in TReta yuga

by Devaguru Brihaspathi in Dwapara yuga

by Ananatazhwan(Adisesha) in Kali yuga

The sthalavaralaaru mentions that Adisesha (the serpent on which Lord Vishnu eternally resides) emerged from Patala to worship the Lord.  This place is now known as “Ananta saras” pushkarini where Lord Athi Varadar resides in water.  There is a snake pit(putru) near Nammazhwar sannidhi in the temple premises which is considered to be Adiseshan’s dwelling place.

Ananta saras is the only temple pushkarini in the world  which has association with Lord always as HE dwells in the sacred waters of the pushkarini. In  all other temples, LOrd visits the pushkarini only for theerthavari and in most of the cases it is the Sudarshana chakram which has holy dip in theerthams.

Brahma-the lotus born who emerged from Lord Vishnu’s naval at the time of creation desired to have darshan of Lord Vishnu and undertook penance.  Lord appeared in the form of water at Pushkar in Rajasthan and later in the form of forest at Naimisaranyam near Lucknow.  He wished to have darshan of the Lord with chathurbhujam and was advised by an asareeri to perform 100 Aswamedha yagams.  AS he felt he was incompetent to perform 100 yagams, he was advised to perform one aswamedha yagam at Sathyavratha kshetram as any act done at this holy place would reap 100 times benefit.

Brahma brought athi (“Dhaaru”-a rare type of wood) known as “DHEVA UDUMBARAM” from DEvalokam on an elephant  and  Viswakarma -the divine architect carved out Vishnu murthi holding sankhu , chakram, gadam and right hand in abhaya hastham.   He installed this murthi and started Aswamedha yagam. The speciality of this wood is it gains lustre when in contact with water unlike normal wood which gets spoilt quickly when kept in water.   By placing a piece of wood in a tree trunk, the tree would start growing.  This tree can be found only in two places -Athiyur(kanchi)  and Gaya. (There are very few temples like Thirukovalur, Thiruvellarai, Puri and Kanchi where the Lord made of wood is worshipped which adheres to agama sastras)

This place came to be known as “Kanchi” as “KA”(Brahma) worshipped Vishnu here.   He  begun  the yagna alone with the help of SAvitri and Gayatri (his  other consorts), without his main consort Sri Saraswati.(It may be recalled that in Pushkar also, Brahma did penance without Saraswati’s presence. this can be observed in the Brahma temple.  )

Angered by this negligence, Saraswati decided to stop the yaga ( A divine play by LORD)   . First, she put the entire world in darkness. The Lord  out of abundant compassion to Brahma appeared as Sri Deepaprakasa on Chitra Revati ( Now glorified as DeepaPraksha temple )   . Darkness was driven out. On the auspicious day in the month of  Chitra(Apr- May) on Revati star day which is considered as the appearance day of  Lord Deepaprakasar , Perumal along with Swami Vedanta Desikar visit Varadaraja temple .

 

Again when Brahma wanted to start the yagna, Saraswati sent a demon with bird and beast features to stop the yagna. Immediately, the Lord appeared with Eight arms –Sri Ashtabuja Perumal  This place  is in  another separate Kshetram within Kanchipuram. This happened in Chitra Rohini . The demon was driven away and lord Brahma restarted the yagna . Not to rely on others to stop the yagna, then Saraswati decided to stop the yagna herself and took the form of a rushing river – Vegavati .

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The Lord now took the reclining pose and as a bridge stopped the flow of the river. This happened in Vekkha  and  thus the Lord is Sri Yatothkari . This wonderful incident  happened on Chitra Punarvasu  day . Thus the Lord appeared in Three forms in the month of Chitra in Revati, Rohini and Punarvasu as Sri Deepaprakasa, Sri Ashtabuja Perumal and Sri Yatoktakari. ( One must have darshan of the Lordships in these temples which is very near to Main temple )  .

At conclusion of yaga, Lord Varadarajan emerged out of the scared fire  pleased with Brahma’s devotion,  in Punyakoti vimanam on the northern banks of River Vegavati.

As Perumal  ( Utsava Moorthy ) appeared from fire, the marks  on  caused due to heat in the form of many small dots can be seen on utsavar’s Thirumugam  ( divine face ) . Perumal gave darshan with chathurbhujam holding sankhu, chakram, gadam with HIS lower left hand and lower right hand in .abhaya hastam on Chithirai month chathurdashi thithi on Hastham star.   “Ka” – means Brahma and “Anjitham” – means who was worshipped.

As Perumal granted all the boons of Devas, He is known as “Varadar” meaning “giver of boons”. As He is very compassionate, He is known as “Perarulalan.

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As He is the master of Devas, He is Devadirajan,

as he resides at Attiyur (this place was once surrounded by Athi maram),

He is known as Attiyuran,

Hastagirinathan as He resides in Hastagiri. Airavatam-the celestial elephant on which Brahma brought the diety  assumed the form of a hill to shelter the Lord.  Hence , the hillock is known as Hastagiri. (Indra who was cursed by Mahalakshmi to become an elephant prayed at this place and was redeemed from curse.

As the Lord is bestower of  boons to , HE is known as “Varadan

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Athivaradar carved out and worshipped by Brahma was the presiding diety  whom Azhwars and Acharyars have glorified.  The  deity  of Lord Varadarajar  glorified  as Athiyuran  was the main deity in the Garbagraha of this temple until 15th Century. But as per the stone inscriptions in Thayar sannidhi, in 1487 , the murthi was replaced with shila murthi by Virupakshanayakan (a local king) under the rule of Narasinarayar of Vijayanagar empire.

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During the Muslim invasion, in 1687 A.D.,the  main deity (Lord Varadarajan) is said to have been under threat by the invaders.  The mughals eyed on temples to plunder the abundant wealth kept in the temples .    In order to preserve the deity and to avoid desecration of the Lordships, the elders constructed a mandapam inside the tank and placed Athivaradan (moolavar diety)  secretly  in a  silver casket and immersed in the temple tank- Anantha saras . (As per Dr.M.A.Venkatakrishnan, the deity is placed in the tank without silver casket. ).  To protect the deity from floating, statues of eight naagas  considered to be Adisesha swaroopam were installed around the diety for protection.

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The utsava murthi of LOrd Varadarajan and Perundevi Thayar were shifted to Udayarpalayam near Trichy. The temple was in a deserted condition for 22 years.  After peace was restored, an advanced devotee named Sri. Aathan Jeeyar who was the guru for  Thodamal-the army chief of Arcot king (whose statue can be seen inside Tirumala temple) arranged to restore  the utsava murthis in 1711 .  AS they could not trace the whereabouts about Moolavar as most of the elders had migrated from Kanchi or left the world, there was none to reveal the whereabouts .  It was decided to install a new Moolavirat from a rock in Pazhaya seevaram (a small hillock)-about 15 kms from Kanchipuram. . A replica of Athivaradar was thus  carved out and consecrated as per vedic injunctions which we worship today.   To mark this incident , every year during Thai maasam(Jan-Feb) , the utsava murthi Varadarajan visits Pazhaya seevaram. The newly consecrated idol was being worshipped along with the utsava murthis.

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(After 40 years, due to divine will , when the temple tank Ananta saras got dried up (either due to drought or for cleaning purpose), the Lord revealed HIMSELF in the pushkarini.    The Lord was placed in a nearby mantapam for worship as there was already a moolavar inside the temple.

(As per stone inscriptions in the temple, Athivaradar was found in the temple tank in 1781 on July 30th on saturday dasami thithi . )

Later, Lord appeared in a temple priest’s dream commanding him to put back the Lord in the cool waters of Ananta saras as HE was still experiencing the heat generated during Brahma’s yagam.  Lord conceded to the devotees’ request to give darshan once in 40 years for a period of 48 days. Thus the practice of taking out the Lord from Ananta saras approximately once in 40 years for a period of 48 days begun. (As per records, it was taken out in 1892,then after 45 years in 1937, later after 42 years in 1979 and now after 40 years in 2019.)

Lord is placed in two postures -lying posture and standing posture . (As per Dr.Venkatakrishnan, the water from the puskarini is completely drained out and on an auspicious day during JUly-Aug when there are not many utsavams, the Lord is taken out carefully from Anantasaras, given holy bath and decorated .NO preservatives are used for protecting the divine form of the Lord.  The Lord is placed only to have darshan, six times pooja as per Pancharatra  agamasastras are not performed.

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Ananta saras is the most sacred temple tank in the whole world because of its association with the LOrd of Universe always. Sprinkling holy water from this pushkarini redeems us of all the innumerable accumulated sins .    In all other temples, either the utsava murthi of Perumal or ” sataari ” is dipped in the temple puskarini during culmination of brahmotsavam usually once in a year whereas in Ananta saras, the Lord dwells eternally.

It was Lord Varadar in the form of hunter couple who saved Ilayazzhwan(Swamy Ramanujar) from Yadavaprakasa who had planned to kill him.  The most compassionate Lord VAradar along with HIS consort Perundevi Thayar disguised as hunter couple accompanied Ramanujar on the dark night in the forests near Vindhya mountains when Ilayazwan had lost way.  Overnight, he was transported to Kanchipuram. When Ilayazhwan went to fetch water to quench the hunter-lady;s thirst, the Lord disappeared .When the perplexed Ilayazwan enquired about the whereabouts , he was pointed towards “Punyakoti vimanam”. Ilayazhwan realized that it was Lord Varadarajan who escorted him to this place and continued to stay here doing theertha kainkaryam.    Also, Swamy Ramanujan embraced Sanyasam as per the Lord;s instructions by having a holy dip in the Ananta saras and was given orange robes by the Lord HIMSELF. Swamy Ramanujar did theertha kainkaryam to the Lord until he was ordered to shift to Srirangam to fulfill  Thiruvaranga araiyar’s boon bestowed by Lord Varadar who was immensely pleased with Araiyar sevai performed by him.

Another interesting incident:-when Ramanujar ordered Kooratazhwan who became blind while trying to save him ordered him to prayto Varadar, Kooratazhwan composed VAradaraja stavam comprising of 102 slokas in praise of this Lord.  When Lord asked him for a boon, he prayed that he should be given vision  to see the holy form of the Lord and his acharyar only.  He didn’t want to see the material world.

Like Puri Rathyatra performed 10 days prior to Aashada Ekadasi, the  Annual Garuda seva performed on the third day during Vaigasi Brahmotsavam (May-June) especially attracts huge crowds from near and far. The streets are very wide like in Puri.

Another similarity between Puri and Kanchi temples is the dieties are made of woodIN Puri Jaganath temple, once in 12 years, the moolavar dieties of  Lord Jagannath, Subhadra and Baladeva are replaced whereas in Kanchi Varadar temple, Athivaradar-the Lord carved out from athi wood by Brahma is preserved inside the temple tank and is taken out for worship once in 40 years.

This town is sanctified  with many  Acharayas -Sri Thirukachinambigal, Sri Ramanujar, Sri Desikar, Sri Sankaracharyar to name a few.  Also , this is the headquarters for many religious peetams like Kanchi Kamakoti peetam, Sri Mudaliandan swamy Thirumaligai, Sri Appan Swamy Thirumaligai and other associate maaligas of Sri Ramanujar’s sishyas. One of the shatberams(6 utsava murthis) was given by the LOrd HIMSELF to our acharyar-Sri Mudaliandan Thirumaligai.

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VAradaraja Sthavam by Kooratazhwan, Varadaraja Panchasat by VEdanta Desikar, Devaraja Ashtakam by Thirukachi nambigal are few famous renderings on this Lord. Thyagaraja has also composed a beautiful kirtan on this Lord.

Our poorvacharyars attribute the word “amararukku athipathi ” of the first pasuram in Nammazhwar  Thiruvaimozhi to this Perumal.

 

MOOLAVAR SRI VARADARAJAR, PERARULALAN, DEVADIRAJAN, DEVAPPERUMAL, ATTIYURAN
UTSAVAR DEVADIRAJAN
THAYAR PERUNDEVI
THEERTHAM VEGAVATHI RIVER , ANANTH SARAS, SESHA THEERTHAM , VARAHA THEERTHAM, BRAHMA THEERTHAM
VIMANAM PUNYAKODI
MANGALASAASANAM THIRUMANGAI AZHWAR 4 PASURAMS,

BHOODATHAZHWAR 2 PASURAMS,

PEYAZHWAR 1 PASURAM

PRATHYEKSHAM BRAHMA, BRIGU RISHI, NARADAR

This temple  town is dotted with many temples of which there are 14 important shrines dedicated to Lord Vishnu and 13 temples for  Parama Shivan. The sthalapuranam for all the Vishnu temples is inter connected with Brahma’s penance.  Brahma who started Aswamedha yaga without his wife SAraswathi had to face many hurdles and everytime Lord Vishnu appeared in various forms to encounter SAraswati’s obstacles until Brahma successfully completed the yaga.

Athi varsdar

The temples are located in Little Kanchi and Big Kanchi.  Out of 22 divya desams in Thondai naadu, 14 are in Kanchipuram itself and another at Thiruputkuzhi, the details of which are briefly given:-

PERIA KANCHIPURAM:-

  1. Sri Nilathingal thundathan Perumal, (in Ekambareswarar temple)
  2.  Sri Ulagalandha Perumal , Ooragham
  3. Sri Jagadeeswara Perumal, Neeragam in Ulagalandha Perumal temple prakaram
  4. Sri Karunakara Perumal, Kaaragam in Ulagalandha Perumal temple prakaram
  5. Sri Kaarvannan (Kalva) Perumal, Thirukaarvanam in Ulagalandha Perumal temple prakaram(all these temples are in Ulagalandha Perumal kovil itself)
  6. Sri Aadivaraha Perumal, Thirukalvanur (in Kamakshi temple)
  7. Sri Vaikuntanatha Perumal, Thiruparameswara vinnagaram
  8. Sri Pandava dhootha Perumal, Thirupadagam
  9. Sri Pavalavannan Perumal, Thirupavazhavannam(also,Perumal gives darshan as Pachaivarnan beside this temple)

(CHINNA KANCHI)

  1. Sri Varadaraja Swamy temple, Thirukachi
  2. Sri Ashtabuja Perumal, Thiruattabuyakaram
  3. Sri Deepaprakasa temple, Thiruthanka
  4. Sri Azhagia Singar temple, ThiruVelukkai
  5. Sri Yathothkari temple, Thiruvekha

With Kanchipuram as base town , devotees  can also  have darshan of  Thiruputkuzhi  Divya desam (1 hour drive from Kanchi). If you start early, you can finish visiting Kanchi temples by noon.  Thiruputkuzhi, Sriperumbudur, Kooram can be visited in the second half of the day.

Check out the divine pastime in the appended blog post.  Click the link

https://kazhiyurvaradanblog.in/2015/01/13/lord-varadaraja-arrives-with-an-umbrella-for-his-devotee/

 

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Of these, Sri Varadarajar temple with its imposing towers , Sri Kamakshi temple, Sri Ekambareswar temples attract many pilgrims including foreign tourists daily.

The famous   Lord Varadarajar temple  wears festive look daily .

Around 280 Utsavams happen in this temple  all around the year

 

Lord  Devaraja has captivating beauty and it is said that Swami Ramanuja was totally attracted by His shoulders

Perundevi Thayar, the consort of Devadirajan does not come out of the garbagriham like SriRanganayaki.  Even the utsava murthi of the Thayar is not taken out for procession beyond the four walls of the temple. Whenever Perumal is taken out in procession inside the temple, HE is accompanied by Perundevi Thayar .

The Theppam (float festival) is celebrated in Anantasaras tank.  The temple pond known as Anantha Saras /Amrutha saras never dries up , the Vimanam is known as Punyakoti Vimanam.

Every Friday , Thayar  comes in a procession within the 4 walls of the temple. Almost  280 utsavams are performed to Lord whole year  . Brahma in Kreta Yuga, Gajendran, the elephant in Tretha yuga, Brihaspathi in Dwarpara yuga and Adiseshan in Kaliyuga offered their prayers to  Lord here .

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The  wonderful temple is   located  on a 23-acre complex and  has 3 outer precincts (prakaram) namely Azhwar Prakaram, Madai Palli Prakaram and Thiru Malai Prakaram. The main sanctum faces west and can be entered through a 130 feet tall, 7-tiered rajagopuram (main gateway tower).

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The eastern gopuram is taller than the western gopuram, which is contrasting to large temples where the rajagopuram is the tallest one. There is a 100 pillared hall has sculptures depicting Ramayana and Mahabaratha  .The  main shrine of Varadarajaswamy is on a small hillock 10m tall and a fleet of 24 steps, termed “Hasthagiri..

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The temple has 5 prakarams. The first prakara which is on the Hastagiri hill houses the garbagriha and the pradakshinam path. The garbagriham is known as “Vayya maligai” – earthly mansion of the Lord(Leela Vibhuti)  .

A flight of steps from the lower hill, known as  Varanagiri which houses Narasimhar,  leads us to the garbagriha where we can  have darshan  the Lord in  His pristine glory.

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The second prakaram is known as Thirumalai pradakshinam as it runs round the hill.

The third prakara known as Madapalli prakaram/ Alavandar prakaram houses the temple kitchen, numerous shrines and mantapams for Garuda, Adisesha, Perundevi Thayar, the abhsiheka mantapam where the utsava murthis are given abhishekam, pavitrotsava mantapam where the Lord’s vaahanams are kept, the unjal mandapam etc.

The fourth prakaram known as Azhwar Thiruveedi houses the vigrahams of all Azhwars , Acharyars, Krishna, Varaha, Sri Ranganathar etc and the Anantasaras tank.

The fifth prakaram is known as “Mada veethi “ and it was here that Sri Alavandar first saw Sri Ramanujar and blessed him that he would be the foremost for propagating Vaishnavism by declaring “Aam invan mudhalvan” meaning yes, he is the foremost.

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As mentioned earlier, the Garbagriham is located on top of Hastagiri hill with enclosures on all sides.  However on one particular day after 15 days from Chithira Pournami, the sunrays fall directly on Moolavar’s Thirumugam .  (Similarly in Vaikunta Perumal kovil(popularly known as Kallapiran)  in Pandya naadu, the sunrays fall on the moolavar’s thirumugam twice in a year)

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Even the stones on the compound wall are 24. The pushkarini also has 24 steps. Gayatri mantra has 24 syllables. Therefore, it is no wonder that the Lord, Who has Gayatri as His body, has everything, around number 24. Apart from this, according to Visishtadvaita philosophy, achit entities are 24. That is inanimate entities are 24. When we cross the 24 steps we land on the top floor and that is the 25th entity, Jeevatman.  From this floor we have to climb some more steps to reach the garbha gruham of  Lord Devaraja Perumal. We come to the corridor on the floor and we go round that. One end of the corridor is famous for two things.

 

One of the ancestors of Lord Rama named Asmanjhan and his wife who were cursed to become lizards were redeemed from their curse at this place by the Lord.  Hence, it is believed that touching the golden and silver lizards would cure us of all ailments.  Crowds throng to touch these lizards for getting rid from material ailments forgetting that the Lord of the UNiverse standing as Varadarajan saves us from this “Samsaram” and gives “MOKSHAM”

Another  adjoining  mandapam, Kachhikku vaithan mandapam follows the corridor . Every evening the Lord would arrives at this mandapam, and Swami Thirukacchi Nambi would start his fanning  service Thirukachi nambigal, the great Vaishnavite saint had the bhaagyam of conversing with this Perumal while fanning the Lord(Alavatta kainkaryam). This is beside the “lizard mantapam”

It is believed that  Brahma comes here once a year on the full moon day in the Tamil month of Chitrai (April-May) around mid night, for a darshan of  Lord Varadarajan.       On this day, it is the practice for the priests to place food inside the sanctum and to wait outside for 24 minutes. At the end of this, the food is said to smell sweeter.

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It was thus decided by Elders  that  LORD has to be taken out from the temple tank once in 40 years  and  various pooja  shall be performed for 48 days and then kept in the bed of the Pushkarini for the next 40 years.

The  96th Pasuram of Irandam thiruvanthathi glorifies LORD as 

aththiyUrAn puLLai UrvAn * aNimaNiyin
thuththi sEr * nAgaththin mEl thuyilvAn ** –

muththI maRaiyAvAn * mAkadal nanjchuNdAn thanakkum *
iRaiyAvAn engkaL pirAn

Bhoodathazhwar addresses the Lord as “athiyooran” who is fond of garuda seva(pullai oorvan -pul =bird.  Kanchi Garuda seva is world famous.

Thus  Lord  Athi Varadhar gives His darshan to the devotees only once in 40 years and that too for a period of 48 days.

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Close darshan of Athi Vardar

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The Rising of Athi Varadhar” happened in the years 1739, 1779, 1819, 1859, 1939, 1979 and  Now in the  year  2019 and fortunate are those who are having darshan .

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Athi Varadar

Athi Varadar  thus   graces the devotees once in 40 years . Lord arrives from the Anantha saras and alights  outside for public worship for a period of 48 days. This event took place last in 1979 and  now in 2019  darshan has already commenced now  . Lord gives darshan in reclining posture during the first 24 days and later gives darshan in standing posture for the remaining 24 days.

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The Great Priests who were involved in the Rising of Athi Varadar from the Anantha Saras

Vendittrellaam tarum vallal Manivannan” is how  our  Nammazhwar describes the Lord. Whatever we ask, the Lord is ready to give us the same and much more, however exalted be the boon we seek.

Check out the url links below on abundant mercy of the Lord of the Lords ..

https://kazhiyurvaradanblog.in/2019/05/29/lord-moved-by-the-vatsalya-bhava-of-varadaguru-calls-him-amma-my-mother-the-divine-play-where-acharyar-varadaguru-is-rechristened-to-nadadhoor-ammal-2/

https://kazhiyurvaradanblog.in/2019/03/14/glory-of-the-great-acharyar-swami-thirukachchi-nambi-and-guide-to-swamy-ramanuja-who-conversed-with-supreme-lord-varadaraja-of-kancheepuram/

He endows us with whatever we need during our mundane sojourn and once we perform Prapatti,

He takes us to his own eternal abode, never to return to the quagmire of Samsara.

And this, only Emperuman can do, say the Shastras-

”Moksham icchet, Janaardanaat”.

srIranga mangaLa nidhim karuNA nivAsam* (Srirangam for South)

*srI vEnkatAdhri sikarAlaya kALa mEkam* (Tirupathi for North)

*srI hasthisaila sikarOjvala pArijAtham* (Varadharaja perumal temple for East)

*srIsam namAmi sirasA yadhusaila dhIpam* (Melkote temple for West)

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

 

Source: Whatsapp info/ youtube videos

Pictures/Videos Credits :

Thanks to Advanced devotees who have uploaded in social media

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Those who insult my devotees, are never excused by me even after the passage of millions of years……….


Azhwan submitted , ………………..

Will Lord ever forgive us for this great transgression for which he was a mute spectator…

kazhiyur varadan's blog

Once the revered Acharyar Nadathoor Azhwan was on the way to  a nearby temple . He met a learned srivaishnava friend who had  come to  accompany Azhwan upto the  temple . En route they were discussing  the  divine experiences of Azhwars and Poorvacharyas .

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Suddenly they  came across  another srivaishnava with Tilak but was belonging to a lower caste . As was the custom those days on seing the two revered Acharyas he moved to  another side of the road and waited obediently for them to leave .

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The learned vaishnava friend  who was accompanying Azhwan  looked at the passerby and started shouting at him for trespassing …….. and  was too harsh on him …..

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Nadadoor Azhwan who heard his  shouts , fell down in a swoon . He was brought back to consciousness  . The learned Vaishnava asked Azhwan If his health was fine and why did he swoon ?

Azhwan who…

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Whichever devotee desires to faithfully worship a particular form, I fortify his faith in exactly that (form).


JagathAcharyar Swamy Ramanuja happened to pass by the banks of the river .
One curious boy noticed the smiling swamin from a long distance
He informed the other kids and all wished to have Acharyas appreciation .

kazhiyur varadan's blog

A divine pastime happened few hundreds year ago   near the banks of Cauvery river. One sunny day few srivaishnava boys were playing on the banks of Cauvery  river .

As they inherited their  parents daily rituals , the boys smartly erected a  small temple and installed an idol out of the Cauvery mud from the banks of the river . Each of them had some little contribution in bringing mud , pebbles , leaves , flowers etc .

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As a part of the religious code  as observed at their homes , they adorned themselves with the Urdhvapundra ( Tilak ) and were completely dissolved in devotion assuming it to be the real Periya Perumal Temple .

Few began chanting  (glorification verses)  Thirupallandu pasuram verses innocently but it was divine feeling  for the crowd .

They offered Theertha prasada readily available from the banks of the river.

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JagathAcharyar Swamy Ramanuja happened…

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Lord venkateshwara and the poor potter.kummara dAsuDaina kuru varati nambi emmanna varamulella nichchina vADu


kummara dAsuDaina kuru varati nambi emmanna varamulella nichchina vADu ………….dommulu sEsina yeTTi tonDamAn chakkura varti
rammanna chOTiki vachchi nammina vADu ||

kazhiyur varadan's blog

t1King Thondaman Chakravarthy  was a great devotee  of Lord Venkateshwara .He was  ruling the region of Tamil Nadu including Tirumala   several  hundred years ago . The King   used to speak to Lord  and by the  mercy of LORD  he was ruling the kingdom  to the satisfaction of the people by all means   .

PPPOOOO

 During this period   an Asura Simhada started torturing the people which made the king upset .No amount of resistance could drive out this  Asura .The unusual happenings  in the kingdom  was causing fear  among the people . The King was annoyed  and hence surrendered to   Lord Venkateswara  to save the people from the   calamity .  

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The Lord  out of compassion to the King  appeared  to him  and lent his  ThiruSankha and  Sri Chakra and  commanded  the King to vanquish the enemy with the divine weapons .  The King  obediently followed the Lord’s…

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” Swamy Prativadi Bhayankaram Annan ” Suprabatham is recited during the foremost pre-dawn seva at Tirumala ..


 Swamy  Mudumbai Nambee Ananthacharya  was one amongst the 74 Simhadipathees  nominated by Jagathacharyar  Swamy Ramanuja .

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Swamy Ananthacharyar  belonged to the illustrious family    of  the great srivaishnava stalwarts  Swamy Pillai Lokacharyar and Vadakku Thiruvidhi pillai . .

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   During 1360 , Swamy Ananthacharyar was blessed with a son who was named as Hasthagiri Ananthar Anna being ardent devotees of Lord Varadaraja . ( Lord Varadaraja has been giving darshan to the devotees at this holy place called “Hasthi giri”.  ‘Hasthi’ means elephant and “giri “ means hill) .    

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    The young  boy  was very attractive  and  devotional right from his childhood  .The boy was admitted in to the school of  Swamy Nayana varadacharyar  ,  the direct descendent of Swamy  Vedanta Desikar . He received the Vedic inputs from his Acharya and progressed in leaps and bounds by his sheer devotion .

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During this  period  , a staunch Advaitin Narasimha Mishra had come to Kancheepuram .  He decided to  debate with the learned scholars in that area in proving the supremacy of Advaitam and thus  convert the opponent and his  followers into his fold .

 As  his mission was incomplete , he invited  Swamy Nayana varadacharyar for a debate as was done during those days .The bet was announced that  the one who looses will follow others  faith along with his followers .  Swamy Nayana varadacharyar was not keen to interact with  the  scholar and  not able to decide how to ignore  his  request too . It was the last day .The young boy could see his Acharyar’s concern .

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He wanted to somehow make his Acharyar happy . He understood  from his senior disciples what made his Acharyar sad . He never wanted the rich heritage of Vishishtadwaitam being taken for a ride by  the  vedantin .It was a high time to make the world believe the glorious sampradaya  Jagathacharyar Swamy Ramanuja had given us . The young boy approached his Acharya and pleaded him to be allowed to take upon the vedantin .  Swamy  Nayanavaradacharyar was glad that the young boy was also thinking in the same lines .Confident of his victory , he blessed the child with Sri Hayagreeva Upadesa mantra and wished him the best .

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The young lad  Hasthagiri Anna  with the blessings of his Acharyar  walked into the debate hall   which had  revered scholars from different places   . The locals also assembled  to watch the Vedantins arguments. He looked at the learned scholars and the great  vedantin Narasimha Mehta .  He was amused with his looks and the arrogance in his speech . The vedantin chuckled at the boys entry  for his  age and size . He said this boy is of no match to me .Anyway as his guru has sent him on his behalf , let me bundle him up with simple questions  !! he thought .

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 Hasthagiri Anna looked at the vedantin and said .. Hey Vedantin .. Are you going to wage a war against me ? Why does size or stature matter to you .For a person like you  I am the best match .Let me not disturb my Gurudeva ..The debate is to convince you and all these so called scholars the illustrious sampradaya of Jagath Acharyar Swamy Ramanuja is supreme .If you have any doubts , questions ask me else accept the  sampradaya which will give you moksha .

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The Vedantin was surprised with the boys daring words . He decided to quiz him in shastras and then take him  on about the sampradaya . The outpouring of Vedic knowledge , apt recitation with intricate  meanings made vedantin shocked . The debate was almost looking like   a repeat of Swamy Yamunacharya debate with the Vedantin few hundred years ago and Swamy Yamunacharya was glorified as Alavandar  the King…

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 Few onlookers rushed to their Acharyar to inform him about Hasthagiri Annas  mastery in handling the vedantin with esoteric  truths  .The Old Acharyar walked along with his disciples to see the brave boy’s confidence  . Hasthagiri Anna presented many verses in the Vedic texts  to demonstrate the supreme position of  Swamy Ramanuja’s  Vishishitadwaitam . The debate ended with the vedantin accepting the supremacy of the sampradaya . All the scholars  unitedly agreed  with jubilations about the young boy defeating the arrogant vedantin in his own den.

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 Overjoyed the  Acharyar hugged Hasthagiri Anna and said henceforth you will be called as Prathivadi bhayanakaram Anna . Meanwhile the Vedantin  along with his followers rushed to Anna  accepting defeat and pleaded to be taken in their fold . The Acharyar blessed both of the disciples and handed over the reins of the school for him to take over due to his old age .

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Swamy Annan was carrying out the Theertha kainkaryam at Kancheepuram as done by our  Jagath Acharyar Swamy Ramanuja . One day he took permission from Lord Vardaraja for having darshanam of Lord Sreenivasa at Tirumala after getting immersed in the Nammazhwar’s description of Tirumala and Lord Srinivasa  in Thiruvamozhi .

 

Anna became associated with  Swami Ananthanpillai descendants and  was engaged in serving Lord Srinivasa by collecting and preparing the water required for His worship every day. 

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One day, while  returning from Akasha Ganga  after having  gathered  the holy water to be taken to the Lord, a devotee from Srirangam came across his path.  As divine will would have it, they entered into a conversation.  The devotee from Srirangam narrated the  glories of the  revered saint Svami Mamunigal  and his extraordinary service in Srirangam.  Anna was deeply moved on hearing  about Swamy’s devotion to Lordships and the zeal to carry out the mantle of Jagathacharyar Swamy Ramanuja’s philosophy  all over . In the process of hearing the satsangath , he completely forgot about the  holy water he was supposed to deliver to the Lord.

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Having exhausted  with their patience, the priests from the temple  came out in search of Anna and hurriedly collected  the pots of holy water from him and rushed back to the temple to complete the worship according to established protocol . Anna was confused and hence  rushed to the temple to inform the priests that he had not yet prepared the water by mixing in it fragrant substances, as  was the norms .  But as  it was too late  the worship had already begun and nearing  completion . Anna was cursing himself for overlooking the protocol that was followed . He was dejected for not compiling with the procedures thus committing an offence . Standing all alone inside the temple Anna was seeking forgivance  .

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  Lord Srinivasa  , all compassionate Lord , broke his  silence  .There was a divine voice coming  from the deity form,  addressing   him , “Oh My dear  Anna!  The  holy water you delivered today  had the best fragrance and quality.  I am pleased with your service!”   Don’t be dejected !!!

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This was a shock to Anna, who had not added any fragrance at all  that day.  On pondering  , Anna realized that the water must have got  fragnant by the mere mention of the account of Swami Manavala Mamunigal vaibhavam  .  

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Realizing the glory of the saint, Anna took permission from Lord Sreenivasa and  left  Tirumala  heading towards  south to srirangam to have Swami manavala maamuni’s darshanam .

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On reaching Srirangam , Anna has darshan of the Lordships and  goes straight to attend  the discourse of Swamy Manavala mamuni  which impresses him  very much . He waits  patiently for having  Acharyar’s darshanam . Amongst all the disciples , Swamy Manavala Mamuni calls him and asks  Oh! You are that srivaishnava called as Prathivadi Bhayankaran in a lighter vein .

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Anna humbly offers obesiances and replies  Swamy ,  that he is Prathivadi Bhayankaran to his opponents  and a servant of servants to srivaishnavas .  Swamy is pleased with his commitment in protecting our rich sampradaya  and honours him with  another title “SrIvaishnava dAsan”.

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Later ,  Anna moves to Tirumala for   serving Lord Srinivasa .

Swamy Manavalamamuni joins him at Tirumala  and  taken  by the glory of Lord Srinivasa,  he ordains his disciple Prathivadi Bhayankaram Anna to compose hymns on  Lord Srinivasa through which Lord’s  glory is well understood and enjoyed by all walks of people.  Anna taking his Acharyar’s command  composes  hymns on LORD   that shed light on the greatness of the Lord of the Seven Hills.

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Annan,  pens the   morning song suprabhatham  slokas comprising of             (29 verses , stotram  11 verses ,  prapatti  16 verses  and mangalam  14 verses) 

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The holy verses has four  aspects Suprabhatam, which is the actual awaking of  Lordships Sree and Vishnu,  Stotram, which is essentially a  glorifications and the last  Prapatti through Sree and the beautiful  Mangalam to Lordships  which serves as a conclusion.

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These  four hymnal renditions of Anna are the hallmark of worship that are  conducted  in Srivaishnava parlance.  The Vaishnava Agamas require the Lord to be worshipped and honoured at least as much as a king is.  The Suprabhatam or wishing of  an auspicious dawn is not only analogous to the service offered normally to the royalty but also an expression of Mangalasasanam. Mangalasasanam is the highest virtue recognized in Srivaishnavism. 

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It is It is the exalted state of devotion where the devotee is not worried about his own welfare or the welfare of others, but only about the welfare of the Lord (which automatically ensures the well being of everyone and everything else).  He serves the Lord, sings His benediction and longs for His auspiciousness always   and the Prapatti is another core concept of Srivaishnavism that teaches the complete resignation to the saving grace of the Lord. The final goal of a Srivaishnava is to please the Lord with one’s services.  One of the most important forms of service is the service of singing the Lord’s praise.  He is sthavapriya: or one who is pleased with stotrams.  The Venkatesa Stotram serves this purpose. Through the four works, Anna captures the entire essence of Srivaishnavism as he sings the glory of Lord Venkatesa.  The pleased Lord listens to these hymns several times every day during the course of His worship in several temples…

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 Swamy Manavala  Mamuni then ordered his disciples  , that every day except in the month  of Margazhi, these four stotras must  be recited at the time  of opening of the temple sanctorum  in the morning which is being religiously followed till date .

Thus we have an advanced  Acharyar  Swamy Prativadi Bhayankaram Annan of Tirupati Suprabhatam fame  who was a disciple of both  Swamy Vedantha Desika’s son and Swamy Manavaala Maamunigal, indicating that there was no remarkable differences in following  between the  two sects .

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His treatises establishing the unifying nature of all of our acharyas are a treasure for several generations .

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A detailed description of THIRUMANJANA SEVA at Tirumala is appended in the below linked post

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2016/09/08/at-tirumala-lord-venkateshwara-abhisheka-vaibhavam-venkatadri-samam-sthanam-brahmande-nasti-kinchana-venkatesa-samo-devo-na-bhuto-na-bhavisyati/

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Swamy Prativadi Bhayankaram Annan  Thiruadigale sharanam .

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Check few more divine incidents  about Lord Venkateshwara in the below appended posts .

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2016/09/08/at-tirumala-lord-venkateshwara-abhisheka-vaibhavam-venkatadri-samam-sthanam-brahmande-nasti-kinchana-venkatesa-samo-devo-na-bhuto-na-bhavisyati/

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2016/07/16/at-tirumala-when-the-screens-opened-by-themselves/

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2015/01/04/the-divine-crowbar-at-the-entrance-of-tirumala-temple/

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2015/01/22/the-devotee-who-played-dice-with-lord/

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2016/07/07/azhwar-theertham-at-tirupati/

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2015/10/31/ekantha-seva-at-tirumala-tallapaka-vari-lali-tarigondavari-harathi/

 

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

Picture credits : Google images/antaryami.org

Video credits   : Thallapaka Annamacharyulu garu /  Keerthi / Baba and other devotees

 

Lord Krishna replies ….. “Everyone is drawn to me, but I am drawn to her!”


Neeraja  was a gopi  who came to Gokulam as the daughter-in-law to  a Gopa family. She was beautiful and humble and loved the  new place which had some special vibrations .

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Her husband and in-laws cautioned her  about  a dark skinned cowherd boy  who was very mischievous and warned her to  be away from his pranks.

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They  threatened her to keep away from Him and to avoid Him by every possible means. Neeraja was confused.  

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However ,she was very curious to see how he looked and what were those pranks which attracted so many gopis  .

Her mind was absorbed now .

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One summer evening, near the outskirts of a village  ….

Neeraja was returning from the banks of Yamuna river  immersed in the thoughts of the dark skinned boy.  .

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 Suddenly , she heard some mellifluous music from a direction which almost pulled her She ran towards the direction from where the sweet melody was heard .

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She somehow reached those wonderful grooves in the forest .

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Krishna the irresistibly attractive lotus eyed Preceptor of the Universe, bestower of boons, Eternal Lord, was playing the flute as the sun sank in the west.

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His small lovely fingers were over the flute and the cosmic music  gushed out . She instantly fell for him and was watching from the grooves .

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The vibration of this divine instrument was able to break the meditation of the greatest sages. Krishna the cosmic musician he was thus challenged the cupid  with his transcendental music .

Something divine happened .

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The birds flying above descended down , and one on the trees started chirping with joy . The peacocks assembled to dance with their gaiety steps .

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The calves stopped sucking their mothers udders and remained like statues .The poisonous reptiles were humbled to the divine music .

The bamboo trees nearby were shedding tears of joy because a little part of it which made up the tree was creating such a wonderful music.

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The clouds passing over the land stopped moving and provided an umbrella to Krishna. Lakes and rivers overflew with water, expanding their banks hurriedly desirous of embracing Krishna’s lotus feet which mesmerized her with captivating celestial tune .

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Krishna’s beloved cows stood in tranquilly with their ears spread just to catch the nectar-filled tune flowing out of his flute.

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Few cows and calves that were eating the grass, froze their actions in order not to let those munching sound disturb His divine music and thus get the fullest enjoyment.

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 Krishna knew the gopis  would come and be with him in the moonlight dancing in eternity.  Grace can only flow through Krishna’s flute, as there is nothing inside its body to prevent his will from coming through.

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There were three kinds of flutes used by  LORD …..
One called venu,
one murali, and the third  flute was
called vamsi.
The Flute Venu is very small, not more than six inches long, with six holes for whistling.
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Murali is about eighteen inches long with a hole at the end and four holes on the body of the flute.This flute produces a very enchanting sound.
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The vamsi flute  about fifteen inches long, with nine holes on its body was melodious
 
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Lord  used to play on these three flutes occasionally when they were needed. Lord has a longer vamsi, which  was  called  as mahananda  or sammohini.
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When  the flute is more  longer it was called akarsini and when it is even longer  was called anandini. 
The anandini flute is very pleasing to the cowherd boys and is technically named vamsuli. 
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The flutes were made of marble and hollow bamboo  bedecked with jewels.
When the flute is made of jewels it is called sammohini.
When made of gold, it is called akarsini.

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The gopis heard the celestial music and wondered how sweet it could be if they were able to sing and dance with Krishna in accordance with the music.

 

The minds of the gopis , wandering in different directions, were now centered on the divine music that came from the flute of Krishna.

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The mesmerizing music of the flute it was, each gopi simply left what  household chores   they were doing and rushed to the flow of music like bees encircling the honeycomb without looking back. Few gopis left the dishes still dirty butter un churned racing into the flow .

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Some even left mothers in mid conversation and few  allowed the food to burn on the stove.

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The call of Krishna’s flute was eternal and they couldn’t resist . Lord is never without the flute , whether he is with his mother, on the grazing grounds with his herd of cows, among his cowherd companions or roaming around on the Yamuna banks.

Even when He is not playing the flute , it is safely tucked in His waistband, never leaving Him..

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The Gopis ran into the forest seeking that transcendental bliss, where Krishna stood with his flute. He was too handsome and each gopi felt he was looking right at them. They formed into a garland and began to dance around him, their ankle bells tinkling, their saris waving to the divine tune. He played his flute and the gopis danced eternally.

Some waved their arms in the air, some spun in circles and some bent their knees and waist, swaying with the flute music.

Krishna meets with Radha and the Gopis
Krishna meets with Radha and the Gopis

The flowers decorating their neck and ears scenting the air and thus the gopis reached for their Lord of all Senses. As they reached for him he reached back, expanding himself to meet each gopi individually.

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Each gopi placed her hands on his shoulder and Krishna placed his hands on each gopi’s shoulder.


They smiled at him and their eyes twinkled at him. He laughed out loud, delighted with their joy. They danced and danced, waving their wrists, stamping their feet and twirling in the moonlight.

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The bells and bangles of the gopis and the stamping and clapping of hands and feet joined with the singing of Krishna to fill the night. Some gopis twirled their saris, spinning with Krishna. Others sang back and forth with him, or stepped lightly in time with beautiful Lord. Some clung tightly to him, crushing their flower garlands into his strong chest, while others barely touched him as they danced in time with the music.

The singing and dancing, the twirling saris and intertwining arms was so beautiful that the moon paused in her track across the sky to watch the eternal joy .

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Those gentle deers  and sleepy birds watched from the edge of the forest with unknown joy  while the dance continued . Krishna and the gopis danced on, each gopi embracing Krishna as if he was  only for her. Each gopi completely satisfied with Krishna the Soul of the Universe’s touch and gaze.

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The gopi’s faces and arms  were dripped with sweat .  Krisna wiped the droplets from their chubby cheeks. Garlands of flowers lay crushed on the ground as the gopis, one by one, dropped their arms in exhaustion. Krishna, still expanded to be with each gopi individually, led them to the banks of the Yamuna River and poured the cool water over their faces and hands.

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The gopis  splashed the water  on him back playfully and their laughter filled the clearing. The gentle wind picked the scent of flowers from the garlands around the gopis neck and the blossoms in their hair and carried it up to the watching moon.

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Slowly,  the moon sank and  the sun began to rise and  here the gopis rested in the embrace of Krisna, each gopi held tight, held lovingly, held personally by the endless compassionate Lord. Krishna the eternal friend he was  expanded  and held  each gopi in his arms for each one to feel HE is there to  just  be with them.

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Neeraja was watching all  the fun , unmindful of the time that was passing .She was in  a divine trance .She  suddenly shook up and went back home love struck .

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Her husband and in laws disowned her and she was made an outcast  ,  a harsh punishment . Neeraja felt it was a call to transcend the material bonds, to free oneself from the trammels of earthly endeavours. Neeraja did not care for any one now.

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She became mad and yearned to meet Krishna .Her thoughts were always filled with HIS smile and the divine play .She was immersed in HIS love .

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           Everything was Krishna now .Her breath was krishna . She was in overwhelmingly  in an ecstatic state. It was Neeraja who was the first gopi to rush and hold the reins of Akrura’s chariot when he was taking Krishna to Mathura away from Gokulam as per Kamsa’s plan , and try to push the vehicle back.

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Dejected she spent her life  in the Vamsi Kunj, whole mind fixed on the Lord  always whom she had dissolved in her heart .

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Years passed. She was getting old. One day she prayed desperately to Krishna …

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My Lord!! I can no longer bear this forlorn life. My eyes have gone dry, they have no more tears to keep this love for you. My heart too is fast turning into a wasteland.

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Please come   and grace this craving soul  !! My Lord, please come and save me, take me unto yourself. Her prayer was sincere and unconditional..

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Krishna heard the prayer. He responded to her yearning and presented himself immediately  before her .He called her by name, so sweetly that the very voice filled her with new life.

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The Vamsi Kunj was now fragrant with divine glory.

Krishna came near  her and took Neeraja’s palm in His hand and said……..

Neeraja my dear …. Tell me … “What do you desire?”

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Neeraja was  overjoyed. She looked at Krishna and said …