YADAVAPRAKASHA – SWAMY RAMANUJA’S GURU BECOMES DISCIPLE OF SWAMY RAMANUJA


Yadavaprakasha  one of the great vedantee  of  Kancheepuram was  childhood   Guru  for Swami Ramanuja .

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After the unfortunate incident  that took place on the way to kashi           ( Yadava Prakasa made a plot to kill Swamy Ramanuja on a pilgrimage tour and Sri Ramanuja escaped by slipping out into the forest as per his cousin  sri Embaars  advise  ) ,  

LORD  VARADAR rescued  Swamy Ramanuja in reaching Kancheepuram safely .

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( Refer to the  below linked post about this divine pastime  )

https://kmkvaradhan.wordpress.com/2015/04/05/lord-arrives-in-the-guise-of-hunter-couple-to-save-his-ardent-devotee-swamy-ramanuja/

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 Swamy Ramanuja serving the Lordships attracted many disciples for his philosophical thoughts  and   beliefs    Swamy Ramanujas objective  was to reconcile the Vedas, the Upanishads and the Gita with the Tamil  Divya Prabandha. This new school of thought attracted many of them .

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Yadavaprakasha was upset with the  turn of events . Once it so happened   Yadava Prakasa’s mother came to have darshan of Lord Varadaraja. She saw Swamy Ramanuja coming  along his disciples inside the huge temple . Impressed with his divine  thejas she offered obeisance’s instantly .  She  strongly wanted her son to  take shelter of Swami Ramanuja  and be of some use to the great personality .Praying Lord profusely she marched home to advise her son . She told her frank opinion of  Swamy Ramanuja’s greatness and  wanted him to become his disciple for his own up liftment .

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Yadava Prakasa  bluntly  refused  and told his mother that it was not possible for him to become disciple of his very own disciple who was much younger to him in all ways . He felt it was below his dignity to accept him as  is guru as swamy Ramanuja himself was his disciple for a long time. Though he refused his mother’s suggestion initially ,  Yadava Prakasa  became restless  .

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He was forced to recollect the incidents  how Ramanuja used to contradict him when his definitions were wrong to some of the scriptures. ( Many occasions arose when the  he used to  clash  with Swamy  Ramanuja on vedantic statements. Swamy  Ramanuja  used to fearlessly point  out the errors  and corrected him.  The  ego in him was slowly shying away  .

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He also remembered that only  Swamy Ramanuja was successful in curing the princess and driving away the evil spirit.  His heart  agreed to his mothers advise . But the mind was rigid .  He was in a dilemma and was not sure what to do. He  rushed to meet the great devotee Swamy Thirukachi Nambikal and solicited his advice. Thirukachi Nambikal  advised him to  to accept  Swamy Ramanuja as his guru for he would  progress spiritually to higher levels very soon  .  The tussel between his mind and heart went on . Yet Yadava Prakasa was not convinced.

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That night he had a dream in which a saint appeared and told him to follow the advice of Thirukachi Nambikal for his own good. Next morning Yadava Prakasa decided to  listen to his heart . He  went to the mutt where  Swamy  Ramanuja was staying. 

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Swamy  was very much pleased to see his guru and offered him a seat with great reverence. Observing the  kashaya robes ,   the Urdhvapundram  on  his forehead , the shanku charka mudras on his shoulders swamy Ramanuja  was glowing with divine thejas . Yadava Prakasa’s ego got shattered and he looked at Ramanuja with  total surrender and  admiration. Yet his mind  wanted to clarify some of his doubts.

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He asked Swamy Ramanuja whether there was any convincing evidence in sastras for wearing  the Urdhvapundram  and for initiating the insignia of sanku chakram at the shoulders. Swamy Ramanuja turned to Kurathazhvar  one of his disciple and  advised  him to answer Yadava Prakasa’s question. Kurathazhvar  replied to  Yadava Prakasa, “ Sama veda is supposed to be the best of the Chatur Vedas. Even Lord Krishna announces  that among Vedas he is Samaveda!

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It is depicted in Sama Veda that Brahmins should initiate Thirushanku and Thiruchakram on the shoulders other than wearing sacred thread. They would attain Brahma lok through the blessings of Brahma.

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In  Urdhvapundram (Thiruman kappu)  the thiruman symbolize the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu and the red Srisurnam symbolizes Goddess  Laksmi. Lord Sriman Narayan showers His Blessings on those who surrender to him and He is the one who could give moksha to all who surrender to Him.”

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Swamy further elucidates the importance of the scriptures  in the subject  Kurathazhvar  explanations makes Yadava Prakasa  spell bound. Instantly he  submits to the revered saint apologising for his foolish acts . He falls  at the  lotus feet of  Swamy Ramanuja and pleads him to forgive him for all the sins he had committed.

He  pleads him  to accept him as his disciple and  uplift  him the right path.

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Swamy Ramanuja with abundant compassion gives a warm  hug  and  with affection initiates him to Sanyasa ashram after performing the Pancha samskaras .  He rechristens his  name  as Govinda Jeeyar .

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Swamy Ramanuja advises him to  write a book on the  subject , “The duty of sanyasis.” Becoming his disciple  and following the guidelines of Swamy Ramanuja Govinda Jeeyar at  the age of eighty Yadava submitted a  book “ Yathi Dharma Samuchayam,” and dedicated it at the feet of  Swamy Ramanuja.

It was really a cherish able event as a Guru became a disciple ..

All glories to Jagath Acharyar Swamy Ramanuja
Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

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Pics credits : Advanced devotees of Lord posted in google images

Lord Venkateshwara’s “Pranayakopa” (anger in love) on Ananthazhwan…


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Once the ardent devotee of Lord Venkateshwara of Tirumala Hills , Swamy Ananthazhwan was engrossed in making garlands for Perumal . Lord sent for him through asuri voice and ordered him to come to the sanctum sanctorum at once.

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Ananthazhwan waited for sometime, completed the garland and entered the sanctum sanctorum.

The Lord was unhappy  at the delay and asked  ….Azhwan  ..

what  would he  do if he were to banish him from the Hills.

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This was out of what is known in Sanskrit as “Pranayakopa” (anger in love)

Ananthazhwan submitted before the Lord  Oh Lord !!!  

Adiyen had come to the  Hills not to obey the Lord’s commandments, but in obedience to the orders of  adiyen’s  Acharyar Swami Ramanuja  .

Oh Lord !!! the flowers would lose their fragrance  in case   of  adiyen’s delay as they  had to be strung in to a a garland before they bloomed.

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This was the order of  adiyens Acharyar  Swamy Ramanuja and Am just fulfilling his Acharyars  command and doing service to the Lord.

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In this regard he was only emulating the ancient sage Madhurakavi who knew of no other Lord except Nammazhvar and worshiped the Lord because that would please his Acharya Nammalvar.

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It is only to please my Acharya, Swamy Ramanuja, “said Ananthazhwan Adiyen is engaged in making garlands and serving at your shrine. I know of no other Lord except  Acharya from Srirangam.

I always chant Madhurakavi’s kanninunchiruthambu and think constantly of my Acharya .

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You  may consider me a dasa of Madhurakavi.

 Oh Lord !!!!our  Nammalvar recited “paran sendru ser thiruvenkatamamalai (Thiru Venkata Hills where the Lord arrived from Sri Vaikuntha)

 Lord !!! After all you are as much a descendent on the Hills as I am. You came little earlier and  adiyen  came a little later.

Adiyen is here to obey the orders of Swami Ramanuja and will refuse to move out.

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Adiyen will continue with my service to you ”The lotus eyed Lord was immensely pleased and applauded Azhwans in describing himself as Madhurakavidasa.

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Since then the descendants and the  disciples of Azhwan chose to add the term ‘Madhurakavidasa’ to  themselves. Like Madhurakavi, Ananthazhwan was also an Acharya dasa.

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Ananthazhwan stood to SwamiRamanuja in the same term as Madhurakavi azhwar stood to Nammazhvar.

When Ananthalvan went to Srirangam and prostrated before the Acharya Swamy Ramanuja, he directed him to Sri Arulalapperumal Emberumanar.

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In implict obedience, Ananthalvan offered himself as a disciple before Arulalapperumal
Emberumanar. 

It is noteworthy that at Tirupathi in the Temple of Lord Govindaraja, there is single shrine for both Madhurakavi and Ananthalvan establishing the latter’s Madhurakavidasatva.

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Legend says that Lord Venkateshwara introduced Himself as a disciple of Ananthazhvan to the Srivaishnava pilgrims on their way up the Hills and to have called Himself as Madhurakavidasa.

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Further he chanted the two Thaniyans and distributed holy prasada to pilgrims ostensibly at the behest of Ananthazhwan. This was the affection LORD had for the Azhwan .

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The Guruparampara prabhava and other works make it clear that Swami Ramanuja first sent Ananthazhwan and then only he himself came up the Hills for worship of Lord Venkateshwara .

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As Swami Ramanuja was returning to Srirangam after worshipping at the Hills and after patting his disciple for the excellent garden he has created, Ananthalzhwan was unable to bear the separation from his Acharya.

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Swami Ramanuja made one Acharyavigraha of himself and after embracing the same, presented to Azhwan.

It is this deity that Azhwan consecrated at the left side of the main shrine on the Hills after swami Ramanujar left for his heavenly abode. According to scholars, this is the earliest  deity  of Swamy Ramanuja.

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The deity’s  at Sriperumbudur, Srirangam and Melkote  arrived and glorified later    during the last days of Swamy Ramanuja. But the deity  at Tirumalai Hills was presented to Azhwan by Swami Ramanuja himself in his middle age during his first visit to the shrine.

The service that Azhwan rendered by getting the deity  of  Swamy Ramanuja from  swamy Ramanuja himself and installing it to the chanting of the Ramanuja Nutrantaati known as ‘Prapanna Gayatri’ has ensured a permanent place for Azhwan in the history of Srivaishnavism.

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Out of absolute surrender to Swami Ramanujar Azhwan himself had composed the Ramanuja Chatusloki singing the glory of Swami Ramanuja.

Even this day all the Nithya Thiruvaaradhanai begins from our  Bhashyakarar sannithee inside the Main temple

There is an Ananthazhwan Vrindavanam on the Hills in the Ananthalvan garden. There is also a Makila tree (vakula) in the garden. According to tradition, it was on the Tiru Adi puram day that Azhwan left to heavenly abode…

wp-image-257088341  Even today Lord Venkateshwara with his Consorts comes in procession to the garden on the evening of Tiruvadi Puram and prasada is offered on that occasion.

At the time of His return, the sacred Makila tree is offered flowers from the Lord and also Sri Sathakopa.

Outside the Azhwan Thiru Maligai (the house wherein Ananthalvan resided), the Sri Sathakopa is bathed in holy water (Tirumanjana) and Lagu Samproksanam takes place.

The Archaka goes to the Svami Puskarini for bath.This tradition is carried  on  .

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It shows that the Makila (Vakula) tree is probably Ananthalvan himself reborn on the Hills. Kulasekara Alvar had wished to be born on the golden Hills in some form or the other.

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The below two glorification of Swami Ananthawan was done by Lord Venkateshwara in disguise of a small boy to few devotees while giving them prasadam when they wanted to know about his Acharyar ( shared in a separate post ) 

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akhilaathmakuNaavaaSam agjaanathimiraabaHam aachrithaanaam
SucharaNam vanthE ananthaaryadhEsikam”
srimathraamaanujaachaarya sripaathaambOruHathdvayam
SadhuththamaangaSanthaaryam ananthaaryam ahambhajE

“akhila bhuvana janma sthema bhangAdi LIle
vinata vividha bhuta vrAta rakshaika dikshe |
Sruti Sirasi vidIpte brahmaNi SrInivAse
bhavatu mama parasmin Semushi bhakti rUpA ||”

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May my mind & intellect meditate the form of Bhakti in Srinivasa, the highest Reality, revealed in the Vedanta as the Lord who creates, protects and destroys the whole universe with sportive ease and who has taken a vow to protects all creatures who seek him.

All glories to Swamy Anathazhwan
All glories to Swamy Ramanujar
All glories to Lord Venkateshwara

Adiyen Ramanuja dasan

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